About This Chapter
AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 and Beyond - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
From the economic trends that characterized the 1980s through the unrest in the Middle East capturing our attention in 2014, the world has seen major changes and events over the past 30 years. In this chapter, our professional instructors outline the recent history of the world, including the fall of the Soviet Union, Apartheid's end, China's growth on the world stage and the rise of terrorism. In these lessons, you'll learn about:
- Communism's end in Eastern Europe
- Gulf War causes and events
- Balkan conflicts
- NAFTA, the European Union and other international organizations
- 1990s technology
- Capitalism and free trade
- 2014 trends and issues
|Reaganomics, Thatcherism & 1980s Economics||Study Western economic trends, including Reagonomics, then explore economic changes throughout the globe.|
|The End of Communism in Eastern Europe: Events and Timeline||Outline the events that led up to the end of Communism in Eastern Europe.|
|Fall of the Soviet Union and the End of the Cold War: Causes and Timeline||Examine the events that led to the Soviet Union's collapse and see the causes of the Cold War's end.|
|Causes, Events & Political Figures of the Gulf War||Go over the theme of collective security in relation to this war, then discuss the actions of Saddam Hussein and other significant individuals involved in this military action.|
|The End of Apartheid - South Africa in the 1990s||Trace the history of Apartheid in South Africa, get details on Nelson Mandela's position in the country, and point out global opinions that played a role in Apartheid's end.|
|Conflict in the Balkans: Causes & Events||Highlight the conflicts in the region of the Balkans during the 1990s. Discuss Yugoslavia and Serbia.|
|Growth of International Organizations: History, Events, and Trends||Assess the European Union, NAFTA, OPEC and other organizations that have emerged since the 1980s.|
|1990s Culture and Technology: Events & Trends||Take a look at popular culture and technology of the 1980s and 1990s. Learn about MTV, cell phones, 24-hour news and the Internet.|
|China and India's Rise to the World Stage||Study the emergence of China and India as economic superpowers. Examine their relationships with the U.S. and the sway they have in their regions.|
|Globalization, Capitalism & Free Trade since 1990||Weigh the pros and cons of global capitalism and free trade that have expanded over the last quarter century.|
|Rise of Terrorism since 1990: Causes & Major Events||Delve into global terrorist attacks of the 1990s through today and discuss the 9/11 attack. Study the War on Terror.|
|The World at 2014: Events, Issues & Major Trends||Address present-day issues and trends, such as concerns in Russia and the Middle East, civil rights, social inequalities and environmental concerns.|
1. Reaganomics, Thatcherism & 1980s Economics
In 1979, Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher came to power in the U.K., introducing economic 'Thatcherism' to solve her nation's financial problems. Then, in 1981, Republican President Ronald Reagan and his 'Reaganomics' took power in the U.S.
2. The End of Communism in Eastern Europe: Events and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the immediate aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, where both political structures and economic models were left in limbo.
3. Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline
In this lesson, we chart the reforms made by Russian premier Mikhail Gorbachev attempting to save the Soviet Union and the communist federation's eventual dissolution in 1991.
4. Causes, Events & Political Figures of the Gulf War
The Gulf War occurred in 1990 and 1991 when Iraq invaded Kuwait. UN, NATO, and United States forces responded by attacking and pushing Iraqi troops out of Kuwait. The war was a decisive victory for American and coalition forces.
5. The End of Apartheid - South Africa in the 1990s
In 1948, South Africa began a system of legal segregation known as apartheid. It took 50 years of protests within South Africa and international pressure to bring the racism to an end.
6. Conflict in the Balkans: Causes & Events
Various conflicts arose when Yugoslavia broke apart in the 1990s, including the Bosnian War. Kosovo also separated from Serbia during this time, adding to the chaos in the Balkan Peninsula.
7. Growth of International Organizations: History, Events, and Trends
In this lesson, we explore the growth of international organizations since the 1990s, especially the proliferation of trade deals and the expanding reach of existing organizations like the UN, NATO, and the EU.
8. 1990s Culture and Technology: Events & Trends
In this lesson, we explore the culture and technology of the 1990s, from the cultural issues of Generation X to the creation and spread of the Internet.
9. China and India's Rise to the World Stage
In this lesson, we explore the rapid and recent economic growth of China and India, and what this development means for both countries and the global community in the 21st century.
10. Globalization, Capitalism & Free Trade since 1990
In this lesson, we explore the growth of capitalism and free trade since 1990. We'll also examine the globalization spurred by the removal of tariffs and trade barriers.
11. Rise of Terrorism since 1990: Causes & Major Events
In this lesson, we explore the diverse and dangerous rise of terrorism, specifically that sponsored by Islamic extremism, since 1990, as well as the current terrorist threats posed to the world today.
12. The World at 2014: Events, Issues & Major Trends
In this lesson, we delve into just a few of the many issues, events, and trends facing the world in 2014, from terrorism, to global warming, to geopolitics.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America
- AP World History: Ancient Greece
- AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Renaissance
- AP World History: The Age of Exploration
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Elizabethan Era
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards
- Additional AP World History Flashcards