About This Chapter
AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Learn more about the dynasties and societies that inhabited ancient China, Africa, India and America. Let an experienced instructor lead you through an overview of each group's major characteristics, such as migration patterns, societal structure, and government policies. At the conclusion of the chapter, you'll also be able to name several major leaders from each region and tell why they were significant. In these lessons, you'll learn things like:
- Which major dynasties and societies lived in ancient China, Africa, India and the Americas
- Key principles upon which these societies functioned
- Why certain leaders are remembered
|Ancient China: Shang, Zhou and Qin Dynasties||Describe the characteristics of ancient China with an emphasis on the Shang, Zhou and Qin dynasties, plus the patriarchal society and the Mandate of Heaven.|
|The Qin Dynasty in China: The Great Wall and Legalism||Discuss the reign of Qin Shi Huangdi and why he built the Great Wall; review the use of legalism as a political philosophy.|
|The Han Dynasty in China: Characteristics, Wu Ti and Xiongnu||Describe the characteristics of the Chinese Han Dynasty with an emphasis on the role of Emperor Wu Ti and the Xiongnu people.|
|Ancient West Africa: Bantu Migrations and the Stateless Society||Provide an overview of ancient West African civilization highlighting the Bantu expansion, the ancient city of Jenne-Jeno and the concept of a stateless society.|
|Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes||Discuss ancient Mesoamerican cultures, including the Olmec, Mayan and Aztec societies.|
|Ancient Andean Peoples: Chavin and Inca||Compare Chavin and Incan societies, and highlight some of their major cultural differences.|
|The Origins of Hinduism: the Indus River Valley and the Harappa Culture||Summarize the establishment of Hinduism with an emphasis on Harappan civilization.|
|Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro||Identify the key locations associated with Indus Valley civilization, including the Khyber Pass and Mohenjo-Daro settlement.|
|The Aryans in the Indus Valley: Texts, Castes and Beliefs||Discuss the Aryans invasion of the Indus Valley; understand the meaning of the following literature and terms: Brahmans, caste system, Hinduism, Upanishads and Vedas.|
|The Mauryan Empire in India: Rulers and Edicts||Summarize the reigns of Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka Maurya; provide an overview of the narrative histories known as the Rock and Pillar Edicts.|
|The Gupta Dynasty in India: Leaders and Arabic Numerals||Describe the reign of Chanta Gupta the Great, the achievements of the ancient Gupta Empire and the use of the Hindu-Arabic numerical system.|
1. Ancient China: Shang & Zhou Dynasties
In this lesson, we will study the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. We will pay close attention to the founding, major accomplishments and characteristics, and decline of these dynasties.
2. The Qin Dynasty in China: The Great Wall & Legalism
In this lesson, we will explore the short-lived but powerful Qin Dynasty of China. We will examine the dynasty's founding, life under Qin rule, the Qin legacy, and the downfall of the Qin.
3. The Han Dynasty in China: Characteristics, Wu Ti & Xiongnu
In this lesson, we will explore China's Han dynasty. We will discover the ups and downs of its history and learn about some of its major characteristics and accomplishments.
4. Society & Culture in Early Africa
In this lesson, you will explore some of the many sort of societies and cultures that have existed in Africa across time. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
5. Ancient West Africa: Bantu Migrations & the Stateless Society
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the characteristics of ancient West Africa. We will focus especially on the Bantu migrations, the stateless society, and the city of Jenne-jeno.
6. Ancient Sub-Saharan African Civilization & Culture
As the great civilizations of Egypt and Greece rose in the Middle East and Europe, many vibrant societies also arose in Africa south of the Sahara desert. These peoples created great states that rivaled their northern brethren. In this lesson, we examine these societies and their impact on history.
7. Ancient African Inventions
Africa has been home to billions of people across history, as well as some very important inventions. In this lesson, we'll explore the inventions of ancient Africans and see how they changed human societies.
8. Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes
This lesson focuses on the early cultures of Mesoamerica. The Olmec, Maya, and Aztecs developed great civilizations in Mesoamerica over millennia. Then, after all of this development and the building of a great empire, the Aztec were quickly defeated by Hernando Cortes.
9. Ancient Andean Peoples: Chavin & Inca
In this lesson, we will explore the Chavin and Inca civilizations of South America. We will study the rise and fall of these two cultures, as well as their major characteristics.
10. Ancient Andean Art & Culture
The Andes Mountains compose a formidable landscape, but were nevertheless home to some incredible civilizations. In this lesson, we'll explore the arts and cultures of the ancient Andes, and see what trends united them.
11. The Olmec: Civilization & Culture
The first civilization of Central and North America, the Olmec, thrived from about 1500 BC to about 400 BC. Learn about the history of the Olmec and how their accomplishments influenced later American civilizations and cultures.
12. Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro
In this lesson, we will explore the mysterious Indus Valley civilization, which was located in modern Pakistan and reached its high point between about 2500 BCE and 1900 BCE.
13. The Aryans in the Indus Valley: Texts, Castes & Beliefs
In this lesson, we will explore the Aryans of the Indus Valley. We will learn about their arrival in the valley, their social customs, their major texts, and their religious beliefs.
14. The Mauryan Empire in India: Rulers & Edicts
In this lesson, we will study India's Mauryan Empire. We will learn about its rulers, explore its government and economy, delve into its religious life, and examine its decline and disappearance.
15. The Gupta Dynasty in India: Leaders & Arabic Numerals
In this lesson, we will explore India's Gupta dynasty. We will learn about its founding and expansion, discover the achievements of its people, and examine its decline and disappearance.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient Greece
- AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Renaissance
- AP World History: The Age of Exploration
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Elizabethan Era
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
- AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards