About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering AP world history material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn AP world history. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the Minoans or the various groups who lived in ancient Greece
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about ancient Greece
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing ancient Greece chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the ancient Greece chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any ancient Greece question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an ancient Greece unit of a standard AP world history course. Topics covered include:
- The Minoans
- History of the alphabet
- Bronze Age Greece
- Greek myth and religion
- Ancient Greek art, pottery and sculpture
1. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
2. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing
This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.
3. The Iliad: Greek Epic
This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.
4. The Odyssey: Greek Epic
This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.
5. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy
This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.
6. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
7. Greek Myth and Religion
This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.
8. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
9. Women of Greece
The Greeks were one of the most progressive ancient civilizations, but that wasn't true in how they treated women. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.
10. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
11. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
12. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
13. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
14. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
15. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
16. Slavery in Ancient Greece
This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.
17. Aesculapius in Greek Mythology
Learn about Aesculapius (or more commonly, Asclepius) the Greek God of Healing and Medicine and the son of Apollo. When you're done, take the quiz and see what you've learned.
18. Adeimantus of Corinth & the Battles of Artemisium & Salamis
Learn about Adeimantus of Corinth, the leader of his city-state, at the battles of Artemisium and Salamis. When you are done, take the quiz and see what you've learned.
19. Alcibiades: Biography & Overview
Read this lesson to learn about the Athenian statesman Alcibiades, one of the most interesting and yet most hated people in Ancient Greece during the fifth century and the Peloponnesian Wars.
20. Alexander the Great: Biography, Conquests & Facts
The following is a brief biography of Alexander the Great of Macedonia, including the extent of his conquests and his legacy in creating the Hellenistic World.
21. Anaxagoras: Biography, Philosophy & Quotes
Anaxagoras was a Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher with some unique ideas about where the world came from and how the world came into being. Let's explore the life and philosophy of Anaxagoras.
22. Chthonic: Definition & Overview
In this lesson we explore the ancient Greek chthonic gods. Not only do we discover several types of ancient sacrifices, but we also gain insight into a typical historical discussion concerning categorization.
23. Clytemnestra of Greek Mythology: Character Analysis, Overview
Meet Clytemnestra, whose father was the king of Sparta and whose husband was King Agamemnon of Mycenae. Discover how one act of deception led to the disintegration of her entire family.
24. Nike, Greek Goddess: Facts and Myth
In this lesson, you can learn about the Greek goddess Nike, daughter of Pallas and Styx, goddess of strength, speed, and victory, and a lesser partner of Athena.
25. Oedipus Rex by Sophocles: Summary, Theme & Analysis
Learn all about the Sophocles play 'Oedipus Rex', the story of a man who killed his father and married his mother. This lesson summarizes and analyzes the play, as well as examines its theme.
26. Oligarchy in Ancient Greece: Definition, Characteristics & Disadvantages
Oligarchies presented a form of compromise for the Ancient Greeks between monarchy and democracy. However, despite being a compromise, oligarchies created problems of their own that neither monarchies nor democracies faced.
27. Red Figure Pottery: Technique & Style
Explore the history, techniques, and styles of red figure pottery and test your understanding of ancient Greek culture, artistic production, and Mediterranean trade.
28. Roman God Neptune: Facts & Mythology
In this lesson, you'll explore the mythology of the Roman god Neptune, study the development of this deity in Roman culture, and test your understanding of Roman history and religion.
29. Roman God Pluto of the Underworld: Facts & Overview
This lesson will be about Pluto, the god of wealth, fertility, and the underworld. His transformation from Dis Pater to Pluto and the influence of both Roman and Greek mythology will also be discussed.
30. Socratic Dialogue: Definition & Examples
Learn about the Socratic dialogue, an investigation for exploring moral and philosophical issues. When you are finished take the quiz and see what you've learned.
31. Sophocles: Biography & Plays
Learn about the playwright Sophocles, one of the three great innovators of Greek tragedies. Explore his success as a playwright and general, and delve into one of his most famous plays.
32. The Greek God Poseidon: Mythology & Facts
In this lesson we discover the Greek god of the seas, Poseidon. One of the three most powerful gods in ancient Greek mythology, Poseidon played an important role in everyday Greek life and was often present in Greek literature.
33. The Greek Goddess Rhea: Mythology, Overview
In this lesson, you'll meet Rhea, one of the Greek Titans and the mother of the famous Zeus. You'll discover the tale of the young mother who lost five of her children to a fearful husband and learn how she gained them back.
34. Triglyph: Definition & Overview
Explore the architectural feature of ancient Greek temples called the triglyph and test your understanding about ancient Greek culture, religion, and architectural development
35. Who is Pythagoras? - History & Facts
Explore the life and works of the ancient Greek mathematician and mystic Pythagoras of Samos. Test your understanding of his life, culture, and major works.
36. Who Was the God Prometheus? - Mythology, Overview
Prometheus was a rebel, stealing fire and angering the god Zeus. Explore the stories about Prometheus and learn of his endless torture, chained to a mountain top.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Help and Review course
- AP World History - Foundational Concepts: Help and Review
- AP World History - Major Belief Systems: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient Times: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient Middle East: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient China, Africa, India & America: Help and Review
- AP World History - Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Rise of the Roman Republic: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Fall of the Roman Empire: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Dark Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - Early Middle Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Medieval Warm Period: Help and Review
- AP World History - The High Middle Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE): Help and Review
- AP World History - The Late Middle Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Renaissance: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Age of Exploration: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Reformation Across Europe: Help and Review
- AP World History - Imperialism: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Elizabethan Era: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Enlightenment: Help and Review
- AP World History - Political, Technological & Intellectual History: Help & Review
- AP World History - Colonialism: Help and Review
- AP World History - World War I: Help and Review
- AP World History - World War II: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Cold War: Help & Review
- AP World History - Major 20th Century Events: Help & Review
- AP World History - A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond: Help and Review
- Portions of the AP World History Exam: Help and Review
- AP World History Exam Essay Writing: Help and Review
- Essay Writing Your AP World History Exam: Help & Review