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Topics from your homework you'll be able to complete:
- Minoan civilization
- History of the alphabet
- Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey
- Greece during the Bronze Age
- Colonies and settlements in Greece
- Greek myths and religious practices
- Government and society in Greece
- Greek architecture and art
- Philosophy before Socrates
- The Persian War and phalanx combat
1. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
2. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing
This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.
3. The Iliad: Greek Epic
This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.
4. The Odyssey: Greek Epic
This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.
5. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy
This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.
6. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
7. Greek Myth and Religion
This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.
8. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
9. Women of Greece
The Greeks were one of the most progressive ancient civilizations, but that wasn't true in how they treated women. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.
10. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
11. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
12. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
13. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
14. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
15. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
16. Slavery in Ancient Greece
This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.
17. Ancient Colonnade: Definition & Overview
Explore the definition, composition, and history of the ancient colonnade and test your understanding about classical architecture and the ancient world.
18. Ancient Greek Comedy: Definition & Plays
In this lesson, you can learn about Greek Comedy from the sixth century to the years just before Rome took over the region. From the brutal political work of Aristophanes to the origins of situation comedies, the Greeks had it all.
19. Ancient Greek Pottery: Types, History & Facts
Have you ever wondered how the ancient Greeks made pottery and why they had so many different types? In this lesson, we'll discuss the history of ancient Greek pottery and learn how to identify the different styles of vessels.
20. Ancient Greek Sculpture: History & Characteristics
In this lesson, we'll be looking at ancient Greek sculptures. You'll study their primary characteristics, their history, and even their impact on later cultures, including our own. Following this, you can test your knowledge with a quiz.
21. Ancient Greek Tyrant: Definition & Overview
This lesson will help you understand who the Ancient Greek Tyrants were, the events leading up to their rise and decline to power, and finally their significance in the course of history.
22. Antigone by Sophocles: Summary, Characters & Analysis
Learn about Sophocles' 'Antigone' and how it explored the topics of civil disobedience, fidelity, and citizenship. When you are finished, take the quiz and see what you learned.
23. Aristophanes: Biography & Plays
Learn about the Athenian playwright Aristophanes, the Father of Comedy. He lived during the Golden Age of Athens and was one of the most famous intellects of his time.
24. Building Ancient Roman Roads: History & Facts
Roman roads were the first type of paved roads in history. Learn their history and several facts in this lesson. You can also test your knowledge with a quiz.
25. Cleisthenes of Athens: Facts & Reforms
This lesson will discuss the reforms of Cleisthenes, an Athenian statesman of the sixth century who reorganized Athens' political structure and has been called the father of democracy.
26. Colossus of Rhodes: Facts & History
Learn about the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. When you finish the lesson, take the quiz to see what you've learned.
27. Epicycle in Ptolemaic Astronomy: Definition & Overview
Ptolemaic astronomy was an earth-centric view of the universe that envisioned that all of the planets orbited around the earth. Learn how epicycles were used to address discrepancies in the observed motions of the planets.
28. Euclidean Geometry: Definition, History & Examples
The lesson will explore the history and nature of Euclidean geometry, including its origins in Alexandria under Euclid and its five postulates. Its influence on the work of other mathematicians will also be covered.
29. Menelaus of Troy: Mythology, Overview
In this lesson we will learn who King Menelaus of Sparta was. Together, we will take a closer look at his history, his personal life and his legacy. We will analyze his role in precipitating the Trojan War.
30. Metamorphoses by Ovid: Summary & Explanation
Explore the creation and significance of the narrative poem Metamorphoses, written by the ancient poet Ovid, and test your understanding about ancient Roman culture and literary development.
31. Parthenon Metope: Definition & Overview
Explore the history, interpretation and significance of the metopes on the Greek temple called the Parthenon and test your understanding about ancient Greek architecture and art.
32. Roman Portrait Sculpture: Artists & Overview
Portraiture was a crucial part of Roman culture, immortalizing Roman leadership through sculpture. This lesson reviews the cultural history of Roman portrait sculpture, including its content, phases, and functions.
33. Romulus and Remus: Story of the Founding of Rome
According to myth, the founding of Rome was attributed to twin brothers Romulus and Remus. In this lesson, learn the origin of these legendary brothers, their tragic early life, and how they became iconic figures in the history of Rome.
34. The Ancient Roman Gladiators: History, Types & Facts
In this lesson learn how gladiator games evolved from funeral obligations to displays of wealth and political power. Discover how the gladiators trained, the different types of fighter, and the rules of the game.
35. The Artist Raphael: Biography & Paintings
Explore the life and work of the great Italian artist Raphael and test your understanding of Renaissance art history, the paintings and Raphael, and Italian culture.
36. The Great Sphinx in Egypt: Definition, Facts & History
Explore the history and meaning of one of the greatest wonders of the ancient world, the sphinx, and test your understanding about ancient Egypt, the Pharaohs, and Egyptian mythology.
37. The Greek God Uranus (Ouranos): Facts & Symbol
This lesson discusses the background of the Greek God Uranus, or Ouranos. We'll explain his function in the Greek pantheon, as well as his symbolism as the original male.
38. The Greek Parthenon: Facts, History & Construction
Have you ever marveled at the Parthenon, the gem of Athens, and wondered who built it and why it is in its current state? This lecture will discuss the facts, history, and construction of the Parthenon.
39. Who is Plato? - Philosophies, Ideas & Contributions
This lesson reviews Plato's life, his works, and his central ideas. It's the essential ideas that you need to understand when studying the most influential philosopher in Western civilization.
40. Muses: Definition, Names & Greek Mythology
While people often state that someone, often an object of their affection, is their 'Muse,' few have any knowledge of the history of the term. Even fewer know the Muses, or that there were actually two distinct sets.
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