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- Examine the highlights of the Minoan civilization.
- Learn the history of the alphabet.
- Take a look at The Iliad and The Odyssey.
- Discuss the Bronze Age of Greece.
- Describe the development of Greek colonies.
- Explore Greek myth and religion.
- List the characteristics of Greek city-states and governments.
- Understand the role of women in Greek society.
- Become familiar with the characteristics of ancient Greek art, sculpture, pottery and architecture.
- Discuss pre-Socratic philosophy.
- Explain the reasons for the Phalanx warfare in ancient Greece.
- Learn about the history of Sparta.
- Examine the birth of history.
- Take a look at slavery in ancient Greece.
1. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
2. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing
This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.
3. The Iliad: Greek Epic
This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.
4. The Odyssey: Greek Epic
This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.
5. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy
This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.
6. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
7. Greek Myth and Religion
This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.
8. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
9. Women of Greece
The Greeks were one of the most progressive ancient civilizations, but that wasn't true in how they treated women. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.
10. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
11. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
12. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
13. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
14. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
15. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
16. Slavery in Ancient Greece
This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.
17. Battle of Marathon: Summary, Facts & Map
Learn about the great Greek victory at the Battle of Marathon. Explore the background of the first Persian War and discover the impact of this battle on the development of western civilization.
18. Battle of Salamis: Facts & Significance
Discover the Battle of Salamis and learn about how the Ancient Greeks tricked and defeated the Persian Empire at sea. Observe the effect of this victory on the development of Western civilization.
19. Greek Myth of Perseus and Medusa: Summary & Overview
Explore the tale of young hero, Perseus, who sets out to defeat the terrifying Medusa, who could turn any man into stone. Learn about the birth and adventures of this famous hero and the lessons learned from the stories that surround him.
20. Hades, Greek God of the Underworld: Mythology & Overview
Hades is the Greek god of the underworld, the realm of the dead. Explore the myths about Hades, his abduction of Persephone, and the fate of those that defied him.
21. Myth of Theseus: Summary, Overview
Theseus was a Greek hero known for his defeat of the Minotaur, though he defeated many other foes and won many other battles. In this lesson, you'll learn all about Theseus, including his birth, early life, heroic deeds, military victories, and more.
22. Pericles of Athens: Facts, Achievements & Death
Explore the life and achievements of the ancient Greek statesman Pericles and test your understanding of ancient Greek culture, artistic development, and the military in the Peloponnesian War.
23. The Greek God Dionysus: Mythology & Facts
In this lesson we explore the ancient Greek god, Dionysus. The god devoted to wine, pleasure, and festivals, Dionysus was an important figure in ancient Greek society and often depicted on Greek pottery.
24. The Greek God Ouranos: Mythology & Overview
In this lesson we explore the Greek god, Ouranos. The ancient Greek god that personified the sky, Ouranos was considered the father to many of the earlier gods of Greek mythology.
25. The Greek Goddess Hera: Stories & Overview
Meet Hera, the ancient Greek goddess of marriage and childbirth. Explore the relationship between Hera and the famous Greek hero Heracles and learn about Hera's relationships with other Greeks.
26. The Greek Goddess Hestia: Mythology & Facts
In this lesson we explore the Greek goddess Hestia. The patron goddess of hearth and home, Hestia had an important, if somewhat inconspicuous, role in Greek society.
27. Typhon of Greek Mythology
Learn about a major character in Greek mythology and the origins of the world according to the Greeks. Explore the world of the Greek god Typhon and learn about his connections to other Greek gods.
28. Who is the Greek Goddess Aphrodite? - Mythology & Facts
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. Learn about her birth and the role she played in the Trojan War. Of all the goddesses, she was crowned the fairest of them all.
29. Who Was Helios? - Mythology & Overview
In this lesson, we explore Helios, the god who personified the sun. In the process, we discover how even the ancient Greeks sometimes confused the gods, and we see one example of Helios in ancient mythology.
30. Who was Telemachus? - Stories, Character Traits & Analysis
In this lesson we explore the character Telemachus, whose father, Odysseus, is the main character in Homer's 'The Odyssey.' Separated from his father since infancy, he journeys into southern Greece to find him.
31. Who Was Zeus? - Mythology & Facts
Learn about Zeus, the most powerful god in Greek mythology. Explore the stories that surround the father of the Greek gods and discover his virtues and vices.
32. Zeno of Elea: Biography & Paradoxes
In this lesson, we'll be looking at Zeno of Elea, the ancient Greek philosopher who still manages to stump us in modern times. Learn about the man, his paradoxes, and test your knowledge with a quiz!
33. Xenophanes of Colophon: Philosophy, Quotes & Biography
Xenophanes of Colophon was a philosopher, theologian, and poet wrapped up into one. In this lesson, you will learn about this triple threat's biography, philosophy, and famous quotes.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Tutoring Solution course
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