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- Explain what made the Fertile Crescent special.
- Discuss the Epic of Gilgamesh.
- Become familiar with the heirs to the Sumerians.
- Describe the implications of Hammurabi's Code.
- Differentiate between polytheism and monotheism.
- Understand the beliefs of the Hebrews.
- Take a look at the accomplishments of ancient Egypt during the Bronze Age.
- Discuss the roles of Egyptian women.
- Describe the social structure of the Egyptians.
- Explore the history of metallurgy.
- Learn about the Iron Age empires.
- Examine the history of the cult of Mithras.
- Understand the beliefs and history of Zoroastrianism.
- Explain how the Mesopotamian kings used religion to secure their power.
1. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization
Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.
2. The Epic of Gilgamesh
Witness the Epic of Gilgamesh, a story of adventure, love and friendship. This long poem will help us examine the hallmarks of civilization for a Sumerian and the importance of dreams. We'll also cover the Sumerian contributions to the epic form of literature.
3. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians
This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.
4. Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications
This lecture discusses the need for law and the benefits of a judicial system. Next, it reviews the history of early law codes, like those of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi. Finally, we look at the implications of law for kings.
5. What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?
This lecture discusses the origins of monotheism. It then compares monotheism to polytheism, with especial emphasis on the problematic nature of holy law. Finally it uses the Greek story of Hippolytus to compare the ancient polytheistic perspective to a modern christian perspective.
6. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs
This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.
7. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age
This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.
8. Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the major achievements of ancient Egypt, including its unification by King Menes, the pyramids, hieroglyphics, and the Egyptian calendar.
9. Egyptian Women: Royalty, Privileges & Tradition
In this lesson, we will study ancient Egyptian women. We will focus especially on the rights and privileges they enjoyed in the legal, economic, and social realms, and we will meet Egypt's most famous female ruler.
10. Egyptian Social Structure: From Slaves to Pharaoh
In this lesson, we will explore ancient Egypt's social structure. We'll start at the top of this great pyramid with the Pharaoh and work our way to the bottom, where we'll find peasants and slaves.
11. Iron vs. Bronze: History of Metallurgy
This lecture explores the transition from the bronze age to the iron age. The difficulties of working with iron are enumerated. The properties of iron and steel are compared to those of bronze. Finally the implications for this transition on civilization are considered.
12. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires
This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.
13. Cult of Mithras: Myth & History
The Cult of Mithras was a mysterious religion popular in Rome in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th centuries. This lesson explores the secretive beliefs, practices, and history of the cult and its initiates.
14. Zoroastrianism: Definition, Beliefs & History
Major religions, like Christianity and Islam, have been popular since ancient times, but what religion was popular before these belief systems developed? This lesson explores the beliefs of Zoroastrians, one of the earliest forms of organized religion.
15. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion
Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.
16. Ancient Assyrians: History, Civilization & Culture
Ancient Assyria was one of the first great international empires. Located in Mesopotamia, it dominated the entire Middle East for several hundred years. Learn about the civilization, culture and imperial expansion of the Ancient Assyrians in this lesson.
17. Ancient Kingdom of Israel: Timeline & Map
In this lesson we explore the ancient Kingdom of Israel. Though most of our documentation comes from the Bible, historians have pieced together a rough history of this fascinating ancient state.
18. Aramean: Language, People & Curse
In this lesson we explore the Arameans, a people who may not have controlled a powerful empire in ancient Mesopotamia, but still made their mark on history with their language: Aramaic.
19. The Ancient Nile Valley: Civilizations, Region & Facts
In this lesson, we explore the ancient Nile Valley and the Nile River, which is its lifeline. Arguably the longest river in the world, the Nile supported some of humankind's first complex civilizations.
20. The New Kingdom of Egypt: Pharaohs, Temples & Timeline
The New Kingdom was Ancient Egypt's age of empire; Egyptian pharaohs expanded their control into Syro-Palestine, and the Valley of the Kings was initiated. This lesson offers a timeline and discusses major developments in New Kingdom history.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Tutoring Solution course
- AP World History - Foundational Concepts: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Major Belief Systems: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Ancient Times: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Ancient China, Africa, India & America: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Ancient Greece: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Rise of the Roman Republic: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Fall of the Roman Empire: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Dark Ages: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Early Middle Ages: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Medieval Warm Period: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The High Middle Ages: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE): Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Late Middle Ages: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Renaissance: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Age of Exploration: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Reformation Across Europe: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Elizabethan Era: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Enlightenment: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914): Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Colonialism: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - Imperialism: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - World War I: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - World War II: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History: Tutoring Solution
- AP World History - A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond: Tutoring Solution
- Portions of the AP World History Exam: Tutoring Solution
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP World History Exam: Tutoring Solution
- Developing and Writing Your AP World History Exam Essay: Tutoring Solution