About This Chapter
Early Middle Ages - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter is designed to provide you with an overview of feudalistic society under Charlemagne, a Frankish king who served as the first emperor of Western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire. You'll learn about his support of the Catholic Church and papacy, as well as the artistic and intellectual growth that took place during his reign. Topics associated with the Carolingian Renaissance include art, architecture and the unique style of medieval calligraphy known as the Carolingian minuscule.
Additional topics include the Viking expansion under Charlemagne, as well as the type of armor and weaponry medieval knights used to defend themselves. You'll also learn about the global pandemic known as the Black Death and its economic, religious and social impact on the Middle Ages. When you have finished watching the video lessons, you should understand:
- The Carolingian Renaissance and the importance of the monastic movement
- The Viking threat to Western Europe
- Armored knight technology and the use of the controversial crossbow
- How feudalistic society promoted stability in Western Europe
- What events and mitigating factors contributed to the decline of the Byzantine Empire
- The catastrophic effects of climate change and disease during the Early Middle Ages
|Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire||Understand how Charlemagne created, divided and oversaw his empire.|
|Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule||Describe Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and his relationship to the church.|
|Monasticism from St. Benedict to Cluny||Discuss the history of the monastic movement from St. Benedict to St. Cluny, including the Carolingian Renaissance, Carolingian minuscule and the use of church schools by the state.|
|Carolingian Art: History, Style and Characteristics||Provide an overview of the Carolingian Renaissance and the cultural activities associated with the period.|
|Carolingian Architecture: Style, Characteristics and Examples||Identify the unique features and style of Carolingian architecture, and provide examples.|
|History of the Vikings||Provide a summary of Viking history.|
|The Technology behind the Armored Knight||Understand how medieval armor protected knights from horse peoples and the Vikings, as well as how the technology served to cement feudalism as a way of life.|
|The Return of the Crossbow and its Implications for Europe||Describe the crossbow as the antithesis of the armored knight, including its history, repression and gradual spread across Europe.|
|Order From Chaos: Establishing Stability through Feudal Ties and Manors||Discuss and create illustrated diagrams to show how feudal ties and the establishment of manors led to stability.|
|The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire||Examine the events and factors that contributed to the rise and gradual decline of the Byzantine Empire.|
|The Little Ice Age and the Black Death||Explain the impact of the Black Death during the Middle Ages.|
1. Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire
This lesson explains the rule of Charlemagne and his control over the Holy Roman Empire. It highlights his many military conquests and his divine rights as king, while also focusing on the role feudalism played before, during, and after his reign.
2. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule
This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.
3. Carolingian Art & Architecture
In this lesson, you will explore the art and architectural styles of the mighty Carolingian Empire in the 9th century. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. History of the Vikings
This lesson covers the history of the Vikings. We examine the Viking longships and their role in raids. Then we explore the impact these raids had on European history. Next we look at some of the other things the Vikings did besides raiding.
5. The Technology Behind the Armored Knight
This lesson looks at the technology behind the armored knight. We'll follow the development of medieval armor and the development of the saddle. Finally, we'll look at the implications of this expensive form of warfare.
6. The Return of the Crossbow and its Implications for Europe
This lesson looks at the return of the crossbow to Medieval Europe. The relative cost of crossbows to armored knights is explored, as are the socioeconomic repercussions of each.
7. Order From Chaos: Establishing Stability through Feudal Ties and Manors
This lesson will explore the impact of feudalism on European society. While explaining the system of feudalism, it will highlight how it offered protection and stability to Europe, specifically after the 5th century fall of Rome.
8. The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire
This lesson will explore the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. It will highlight internal instability and outside invasion as two of the major factors that led to the 1453 fall of Constantinople and the empire.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
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- AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
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- AP World History: The Dark Ages
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- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
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- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
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- AP World History: World War II
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- Portions of the AP World History Exam
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- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards
- Additional AP World History Flashcards