About This Chapter
AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
For a long period of history, Greece was the center of the world, producing philosophers, scientists, leaders, and authors who still hold influence today. In this chapter, you'll learn about society and life in Athens, from its political structure to its arts. Our lessons are broken down in order to explain each aspect of the Hellenistic world in more detail. You'll learn about the relationship and ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and the main concepts we still think about today. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the structure and function of Athenian democracy
- Name the works of the great playwrights of Athens
- Explain the wars and conquests during this era
- Talk about the philosophical concepts of this time
|Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes||Explore the political and social reforms of these two men and the structure of democracy in Athens.|
|Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age||Take a look at Pericles' life and his plan to turn Athens into the seat of a maritime empire.|
|Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy||Learn about Sophocles, Aeschylus, and Euripides and their works that made them the top three Greek tragedians.|
|Peloponnesian War and Thucydides||Compare Thucydides and Herodotus as historians and learn about the Greek history they wrote.|
|Socrates: Life, Death, and Philosophy||Examine the life and works of the great philosopher as well as his dramatic end.|
|Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence||Discover Plato's central philosophical concepts, how he expanded on Socrates' work, and the way he shaped generations of future philosophers.|
|Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence||Explore Aristotle's philosophy, how he reacted against Plato, and how he influenced the state of philosophy for ages to come.|
|Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism||Take a look at Alexander the Great's life, achievements, and legacy in his attempts to spread Greek culture.|
|The Library of Alexandria and the Benefits of Hellenization||Learn about the library that was at the center of scholarship for the world and the information contained there.|
|Euclid, Archimedes, and Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers||Compare the ideas and accomplishments of these three great Alexandrian philosophers.|
|New Schools of Philosophy: Cynics, Epicurean, and Stoics||Examine the central tenets of these three schools of philosophy that developed in Athens.|
|The Argonautica Textual Analysis: Underlying Themes in the Myth of Jason and the Argonauts||Discover the plot, characters, and themes in this epic poem full of magic, adventure, and fighting.|
|The Seven Wonders of Alexander the Great's Empire||Take a look at Alexander's empire by way of visiting its most famous wonders.|
1. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes
Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.
2. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age
This lecture covers the formation of the Delian League, its development into the Athenian Empire and the peculiar place of Pericles in the midst of it all, turning the city of Athens into the seat of an empire.
3. Peloponnesian War and Thucydides
This lecture covers the Peloponnesian War. First we enumerate the causes of the war. Then we examine Pericles' plan to win it. We see how Pericles' plan eventually fell apart and how the Athenians struggled without leadership until their eventual destruction at the hands of the Spartans.
4. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy
This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.
5. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence
This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.
6. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence
This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.
7. Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism
This lesson describes Alexander the Great's mighty empire. Beginning with a brief account of his father Philip, the lecture then turns to an enumeration of Alexander's conquests. Next, Alexander's methods are explored. Finally, we will discuss Alexander's legacy of Hellenization.
8. Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers
This lecture recounts the achievements of the many great minds that called Alexandria home. We will look at Euclid, Ptolemy, Archimedes, Aristarchus, Herophilos, Erasistratus and Eratosthenes.
9. Schools of Philosophy in Antiquity: Cynics, Epicureans & Stoics
In this lesson, we will study three schools of philosophy in antiquity: the Cynics, the Epicureans, and the Stoics. We will discuss the founder of each school, as well as its major characteristics.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America
- AP World History: Ancient Greece
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Renaissance
- AP World History: The Age of Exploration
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Elizabethan Era
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
- AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards