About This Chapter
AP World History: History of Ancient Greece - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Ancient Greece is one of the most fascinating civilizations in history because of the advances in technology, politics, art, religion, and warfare. In this chapter, you'll learn about The Iliad and The Odyssey, two epic poems that survive from this era, and the society and geography they describe. You'll see how Greek city-states were run and the information we still have about these civilizations. Each lesson focuses on a different subject and describes how certain aspects of society came about and what impact they had. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- About the technology in Ancient Greece
- About Greek religion, poems, philosophy, and history
- How Greek city-states worked and why
- The ways in which Greek society functioned
|The Minoans||Explore this early advanced civilization in the Mediterranean and their mysterious disappearance.|
|History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing||Examine the different ways that people wrote and how these alphabets worked.|
|The Iliad: Greek Epic||Study Homer's epic poem about the Trojan War, a 10-year siege of Troy by other Greek states.|
|The Odyssey: Greek Epic||Understand Odysseus' travels and what the epic poem tells us about Greek society.|
|Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy||Learn about one man's quest to find the ancient cities described in Homer's epic poems.|
|From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization||Trace the development of the Greek colonies and learn how important geography was in their separation.|
|Greek Myth and Religion||Explore the gods and goddesses associated with the religion of Ancient Greece.|
|Greek City-States and Governments||Examine the phenomena that made Greek city-states remain independent from each other.|
|Women of Greece||Take a look at the role of women in Greek society, from their typical responsibilities to their social standing.|
|Ancient Greek Art, Pottery, and Sculpture||Learn about the Grecian styles used in ancient geometric and figure vases as well as in sculpture.|
|Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic, and Corinthian||Explore the Greek orders of architecture and the characteristics of each.|
|The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics||Examine the Greek philosophers who came before Socrates, and learn what they thought about the world.|
|Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece||Study the changes in technology that led to a uniquely Greek form of warfare.|
|History of Sparta||Look at the history and culture of one of the most unique and remarkable Greek city-states.|
|Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War||Learn about the historian Herodotus and his accounts of the Persian War.|
|Slavery in Ancient Greece||Explore slavery in Greek society and the importance it held in agriculture and labor.|
1. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
2. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing
This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.
3. The Iliad & The Odyssey: Summary & Characters
In this lesson, you will explore the themes and characters of two of the greatest works of Western literature: the ''Iliad'' and the ''Odyssey''. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy
This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.
5. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
6. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
7. Women of Greece
The Greeks were one of the most progressive ancient civilizations, but that wasn't true in how they treated women. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.
8. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
9. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
10. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
11. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
12. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
13. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
14. Slavery in Ancient Greece
This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America
- AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Renaissance
- AP World History: The Age of Exploration
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Elizabethan Era
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
- AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards
- Additional AP World History Flashcards