About This Chapter
AP World History: The Age of Exploration - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter starts with an explanation of why Europeans sailed to the Americas. Famous explorers from Spain, Portugal and Italy are also outlined. You can learn about the history of gunpowder and its use in the New World. You'll also learn about important figures like Machiavelli and Michelangelo. Lessons cover the culture and exploits of the Ottoman Empire before delving into the encomienda system of exploration. This chapter can help you understand the following:
- Why the Europeans sought out the New World
- The history and repercussions of gunpowder in the Americas
- The discoveries of great Spanish and Portuguese explorers
- Lessons of the Italian Wars
- The biography and works of Michelangelo
- The history, culture and exploits of Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire
- The function behind the conquistadors and encomienda system
|The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas||Explain the reason Europeans sailed to the Americas and what they gained from their exploits.|
|History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World||Explore the history and lasting effects of gunpowder in the West.|
|Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims and Discoveries||Chronicle the famous explorers of Spain and Portugal, looking at the goals and outcomes of their discoveries.|
|The Italian Wars and Weakening of Papal Authority||Study the Italian Wars and the weakening of papal authority in the region.|
|Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars||Explain the lessons that Machiavelli gathered about the Italian Wars.|
|Michelangelo: Biography and Works||Understand the life and major works of Michelangelo.|
|Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture and Exploits||Describe the history, culture, art and architecture of the Ottoman Empire.|
|Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce and Piracy||Comprehend the mapping of the world during the exploration age.|
|Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition and Savaging of the New World||Define the function of the conquistadors and encomienda system.|
|Las Casas, Valladolid Debate and Converting the New World||Discuss the Valladolid debate of whether savages have souls.|
1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.
2. How International Trade Changed in the Age of Exploration
In this lesson, we will explore the role of international trade during the Age of Exploration. Specifically, we will learn how the discovery of the New World impacted international trade patterns.
3. History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World
This lesson will discuss the history of gun powder and its effect on the New World. It will highlight the development of firearms, as well as the Europeans who used gunpowder to ravage the Americas.
4. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries
This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.
5. European Exploration in India & Southeast Asia
While many in the United States focus primarily on the exploration of the New World during the Age of Exploration, a great deal of economic empire building was happening in the Indian Ocean.
6. The Italian Wars and Weakening of Papal Authority
This lesson will discuss the Italian Wars and their effects on the Papacy and the political landscape of Italy. It will also highlight the power struggle between France and Spain, which dominated much of 16th century Europe.
7. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars
This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.
8. Michelangelo: Biography and Works
This lesson will focus on the life and works of Michelangelo. It will discuss his life in Florence, his dealings with the Medici family, his sculpture 'David,' the Sistine Chapel and many other of his awe-inspiring works.
9. Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits
This lesson will focus on Suleiman the Magnificent, ruler of the Ottoman Empire. It will highlight his conquests of Eastern Europe and his wars with the Habsburg Dynasty. It will also discuss the cultural advancements of his rule.
10. Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy
This lesson will focus on the improvement of maps, the growth of seaborne commerce, and the piracy that occurred during the Age of Exploration. It will also highlight the famous Sea Dogs of England.
11. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World
This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.
12. Spreading Religion in the Age of Exploration
The Age of Exploration brought many European traditions to other places in the world. In this lesson, we'll talk about some of the ways that religion, and Christianity in particular, spread throughout the world during this time.
13. Las Casas, Valladolid Debate & Converting the New World
This lesson will focus on Las Casas, a Spanish priest who fought for the rights of the native inhabitants of the Americas. It will also highlight the New Laws of 1542 as well as the Valladolid debates.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America
- AP World History: Ancient Greece
- AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Renaissance
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Elizabethan Era
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
- AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards
- Additional AP World History Flashcards