About This Chapter
AP World History: The Age of Exploration - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our experienced instructors outline the age of exploration through entertaining video lessons. As part of your AP World History preparations, these lessons can help you explore reasons Europeans sailed to the Americas, the Ottoman Empire, piracy and much more. After finishing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
Outline the history of gunpowder and its effects on the New World
Identify the great explorers of Portugal and Spain
Detail the history of Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire
Discuss seaborne commerce, piracy and the mapping of the world
Define the Encomienda system and how the conquistadors savaged the New World
Explain how international trade changed in the age of exploration
Describe European exploration in Southeast Asia and India
Detail how religion was spread in the age of exploration
Our chapter can help you master the topics you need to know for the AP World History exam. Help from our experts is available through the Dashboard if you have any questions along the way. To review these concepts when you're offline, print out the lesson transcripts to make quick study guides.
1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.
2. How International Trade Changed in the Age of Exploration
In this lesson, we will explore the role of international trade during the Age of Exploration. Specifically, we will learn how the discovery of the New World impacted international trade patterns.
3. The Trans-Saharan Caravan Trade, Religion & Culture
This lesson explains the history of the trans-Saharan caravan trade. We highlight the Berbers, the role of the camel, and the introduction of Islam to West Africa.
4. What Is the Silk Road? - Goods & Ideas Crossing China
In this lesson, you will explore the history of the famous Silk Roads that connected civilizations as far apart as Persia, Greece, and China. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
5. Indian Ocean Trade: Route, Network & History
Before there were trade routes across the Atlantic and Pacific, there was the Indian Ocean trade. In this lesson, we'll explore the history and trade routes of the Indian Ocean and see how they connected the world.
6. Mediterranean Sea Trade: Origins & Routes
The Mediterranean Sea was a fundamental feature in the development of civilizations in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. In this lesson, we'll look at the role of Mediterranean Sea trade across history.
7. History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World
This lesson will discuss the history of gun powder and its effect on the New World. It will highlight the development of firearms, as well as the Europeans who used gunpowder to ravage the Americas.
8. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries
This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.
9. European Exploration in India & Southeast Asia
While many in the United States focus primarily on the exploration of the New World during the Age of Exploration, a great deal of economic empire building was happening in the Indian Ocean.
10. Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits
This lesson will focus on Suleiman the Magnificent, ruler of the Ottoman Empire. It will highlight his conquests of Eastern Europe and his wars with the Habsburg Dynasty. It will also discuss the cultural advancements of his rule.
11. Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy
This lesson will focus on the improvement of maps, the growth of seaborne commerce, and the piracy that occurred during the Age of Exploration. It will also highlight the famous Sea Dogs of England.
12. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World
This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.
13. Spreading Religion in the Age of Exploration
The Age of Exploration brought many European traditions to other places in the world. In this lesson, we'll talk about some of the ways that religion, and Christianity in particular, spread throughout the world during this time.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America
- AP World History: Ancient Greece
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Renaissance
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Nationalism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: Industrialization of the Western World
- AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
- AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond
- AP World History: Arts, Literature, and Culture in the 20th Century
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- AP World History Flashcards
- Additional AP World History Flashcards