About This Chapter
AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The chapter begins with a look at the causes and early events of the Cold War. You'll also examine the causes and effects of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Lessons explore important 20th century issues across the world, including the conflict between Muslims and Hindus in India. You'll also learn about different historical moments in technology, such as Sputnick, NASA and the advent of the Internet. The chapter concludes with close analyses of several post-war countries in Europe, Asia and Africa. This chapter is designed to teach you about:
- The causes of conflicts like the Cold War, Korean War and Vietnam War
- The fighting between Muslims and Hindus in India
- The lives of Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru
- The role of communism in the Cuban revolution
- Advancements with Sputnick, NASA and the Internet
- The political dynamics of post-war Europe, Asia and Africa
|The Cold War: Definition, Causes and Early Events||Provide an overview of the events that led up to and followed the Cold War.|
|The Korean War: Causes and Effects||Identify the causes and effects of the Korean War and the involvement of America, China and the Soviet Union.|
|The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts and Effects||Describe the causes, main escalations and effects of the Vietnam War.|
|The End of the Cold War and Desert Storm||Understand the Desert Storm operation and the collapse of both the Berlin Wall and the Soviet Union.|
|Conflict Between Muslims and Hindus in India||Discuss the conflicts between Muslims and Hindus, which led to the separation of India and Pakistan.|
|Who Was Mohandas Gandhi?||Summarize Gandhi's life and advocation for civil disobedience.|
|Who Was Jawaharlal Nehru?||Recount Nehru's biography and legacy.|
|Sputnick, NASA and the Internet||Analyze how technologies related to NASA and the Internet have changed society after World War II.|
|Communism and the Cuban Revolution||Name the events surrounding the Cuban Revolution, including the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis.|
|Post-War Europe: The Berlin Airlift and the Marshall Plan||Examine events in Europe after WWII, such as the Berlin Airlift and the Marshall Plan.|
|Post-War Asia: Korea's Partition and Reconstruction of Japan's Government||Explore recent developments in post-war Asia, including the partition of Korea and the restructuring of Japan's government by General MacArthur.|
|Post-War Soviet Union and Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain||Recount major events in post-war Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, looking particularly at the descent of the Iron Curtain.|
|Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika||Explain Gorbachev's policies of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) of the Soviet Union in 1985.|
|Post-War Africa||Analyze post-war Africa and the region's various assertions of independence.|
1. The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events
The period of distrust between the Soviet Union and United States was known as the Cold War. Learn about the origins of the era, essential events and the shaping of the national security state.
2. United States Involvement in the Korean War: Causes and Effects
The Korean War was a short but bloody war with more than five million casualties. Find out what caused this deadly and destructive war, how the United States came to be involved and how the war affected Korea and its allies.
3. The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts & Effects
The Vietnam War was the longest and most polarizing conflict in the history of the United States. Learn about the causes of the war as well as its effects on the United States.
4. The End of the Cold War and Desert Storm
In this lesson, we will learn about the end of the Cold War and the Gulf War - also known as Desert Storm. We'll learn what led to these events and highlight the key themes associated with them.
5. Muslim and Hindu Conflict in India and the Partition of India and Pakistan
In this lesson, we will learn about religious tensions in India and the partition of India and Pakistan following British rule. We will see what led to these developments, and we will explore their context.
6. Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination
In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Mohandas Gandhi. We will learn what values he stood for, how he stood for them, and his lasting legacy.
7. Who was Jawaharlal Nehru? - Biography & Rule
In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Jawaharlal Nehru. We will learn about his role in India's independence movement, and about his lasting impact on Indian national politics.
8. Sputnik to the Internet: How Technology and Science Have Changed Society since WWII
In this lesson, we will highlight critical scientific and technological advances since the end of World War II. We will explore the profound effects these advances had upon society.
9. Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis
In this lesson, we will examine the relationship between communism and the country of Cuba. We will focus specifically on the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro's rise to power, the Bay of Pigs Invasion, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
10. Post-War Europe: the Berlin Airlift & the Marshall Plan
In this lesson, we will learn about the Marshall Plan and the Berlin Airlift. We will examine the conditions in postwar Europe that resulted in these events, and we will understand why they are important.
11. Post-War Asia: Korea's Partition & Reconstruction of Japan's Government
In this lesson, we will examine post-war Asia. We will specifically focus on the partition of Korea, and the occupation and reconstruction of Japan. We will understand why these events took place, and how their impact is felt to this day.
12. Post-War Soviet Union & Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain
In this lesson, we will learn about some of the dynamic events that followed World War II in Eastern Europe. We will explore the descent of the Iron Curtain, and learn about the formation of the Eastern Bloc states.
13. Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance
In this lesson, we will examine Mikhail Gorbachev's reform policies of glasnost and perestroika. We will learn what led to these developments and see how they impacted the Soviet Union.
14. Changes in Africa After World War II
In this lesson, we will examine changes in Africa following World War II. We will discover what factors led to decolonization in the wake of World War II, and we will highlight the central themes surrounding African independence movements.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America
- AP World History: Ancient Greece
- AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Renaissance
- AP World History: The Age of Exploration
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Elizabethan Era
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards
- Additional AP World History Flashcards