About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering AP world history material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn AP world history. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the birth of Islam or other events during the Dark Ages
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the Dark Ages
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Dark Ages chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Dark Ages chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any Dark Ages question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a Dark Ages unit of a standard AP world history course. Topics covered include:
- The loss of classical culture
- Roman economy in the Dark Ages
- Mohammed and the birth of Islam
- Byzantine art and architecture
- Frankish history
1. The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture
This lesson explores the loss of classical culture during the Dark Ages. We compare the life of a medieval peasant to that of a Roman pleb. We then examine the causes of this decline, as well as its repercussions.
2. Germanic Tribes: Invasion in Rome
As the Roman Empire became bigger and bigger, tribes from Germany began to invade various areas. Eventually the continuous attacks led to the break-up of the Empire. This lesson explores a few of the more dominant tribes.
3. Insular Art: Ireland's Golden Age
This lesson covers the Insular Art of Ireland's Golden Age. It examines the unique cultural and religious factors that made Ireland the religious and cultural leader of Northern Europe. It then examines the roots of Insular art in the interlacing bands of Anglo-Saxon metalwork. Finally, we explore how those bands found their way onto stone crosses and manuscript illuminations.
4. Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines
The Roman Empire covered a vast area, and when it fell, its people were in danger of losing their civilization. This lesson explores some of the things that remained as the Empire fell, as well as how they affected Roman citizens.
5. Early Church Conflicts: Arianism and Iconoclasm
This lesson explores two conflicts that occurred in the early church: Arian Christianity, which taught a taboo belief regarding the Holy Trinity, and iconoclasm, which was the destruction of religious images.
6. Roman Economy in the Dark Ages
This lesson explores the Roman Empire's economy from its beginnings as a farming culture to its expansion into trade and finally its deterioration after invasion from surrounding tribes.
7. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.
8. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law
The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.
9. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam
The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often seen as competing doctrines and faiths by observers and adherents. Yet, a summary investigation of their doctrines illustrates they have much in common. This lesson will examine these similarities in greater detail.
10. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates
After the death of Mohammed, Islam continued to spread through Arabia, the Middle East and Africa. This lesson is an overview of Islam's progress from the faith of Mecca to a faith for all the world.
11. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments
The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.
12. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.
13. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples
In this lesson, we look at the development of Byzantine architecture. We examine its relationship to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. We then compare Byzantine architecture to early Christian architecture and enumerate the distinctly Byzantine elements of their art and architecture: central-plan, domes and pendentives. Finally, we touch briefly on how these architectural masterpieces were decorated.
14. Frankish History: Clovis and the Merovingians
This lesson will focus on Clovis and the rise and fall of the Merovingian Dynasty. It will highlight his unification of the Franks, his conversion to Catholicism, and the cultural advancements of the dynasty's rule.
15. Pottery in the Protogeometric Period
Protogeometric pottery is a style that came out of the Greek Dark Ages. It is typified by stripes, circles, waves, and other basic designs limited by the resources of the time period.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Help and Review course
- AP World History - Foundational Concepts: Help and Review
- AP World History - Major Belief Systems: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient Times: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient Middle East: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient China, Africa, India & America: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient Greece: Help and Review
- AP World History - Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Rise of the Roman Republic: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Fall of the Roman Empire: Help and Review
- AP World History - Early Middle Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Medieval Warm Period: Help and Review
- AP World History - The High Middle Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE): Help and Review
- AP World History - The Late Middle Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Renaissance: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Age of Exploration: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Reformation Across Europe: Help and Review
- AP World History - Imperialism: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Elizabethan Era: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Enlightenment: Help and Review
- AP World History - Political, Technological & Intellectual History: Help & Review
- AP World History - Colonialism: Help and Review
- AP World History - World War I: Help and Review
- AP World History - World War II: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Cold War: Help & Review
- AP World History - Major 20th Century Events: Help & Review
- AP World History - A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond: Help and Review
- Portions of the AP World History Exam: Help and Review
- AP World History Exam Essay Writing: Help and Review
- Essay Writing Your AP World History Exam: Help & Review