About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our AP World History Homeschool Curriculum course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the Dark Ages. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the decline of classical culture. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about the collapse of trade, early church conflicts and Germanic invaders.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a history curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a Dark Ages unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Dark Ages Unit Objectives:
- Identify what parts of classical culture were lost or saved by the Byzantine Empire and Catholic Church.
- Learn about the Germanic tribes that invaded Rome.
- Explore post-Roman art in Britain and Ireland during the Dark Ages.
- Define Arianism and iconoclasm in relation to early church conflicts.
- Discuss the Roman economy of the Dark Ages.
- Study the origins, beliefs and spread of Islam, including how it compares to Christianity and Judaism.
- Describe some of the unique features of Byzantine art and architecture.
- Summarize Frankish history from King Clovis to King Charlemagne.
1. The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture
This lesson explores the loss of classical culture during the Dark Ages. We compare the life of a medieval peasant to that of a Roman pleb. We then examine the causes of this decline, as well as its repercussions.
2. Germanic Tribes: Invasion in Rome
As the Roman Empire became bigger and bigger, tribes from Germany began to invade various areas. Eventually the continuous attacks led to the break-up of the Empire. This lesson explores a few of the more dominant tribes.
3. Insular Art: Ireland's Golden Age
This lesson covers the Insular Art of Ireland's Golden Age. It examines the unique cultural and religious factors that made Ireland the religious and cultural leader of Northern Europe. It then examines the roots of Insular art in the interlacing bands of Anglo-Saxon metalwork. Finally, we explore how those bands found their way onto stone crosses and manuscript illuminations.
4. Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines
The Roman Empire covered a vast area, and when it fell, its people were in danger of losing their civilization. This lesson explores some of the things that remained as the Empire fell, as well as how they affected Roman citizens.
5. Early Church Conflicts: Arianism and Iconoclasm
This lesson explores two conflicts that occurred in the early church: Arian Christianity, which taught a taboo belief regarding the Holy Trinity, and iconoclasm, which was the destruction of religious images.
6. Roman Economy in the Dark Ages
This lesson explores the Roman Empire's economy from its beginnings as a farming culture to its expansion into trade and finally its deterioration after invasion from surrounding tribes.
7. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.
8. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law
The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.
9. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam
The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often seen as competing doctrines and faiths by observers and adherents. Yet, a summary investigation of their doctrines illustrates they have much in common. This lesson will examine these similarities in greater detail.
10. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates
After the death of Mohammed, Islam continued to spread through Arabia, the Middle East and Africa. This lesson is an overview of Islam's progress from the faith of Mecca to a faith for all the world.
11. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments
The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.
12. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.
13. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples
In this lesson, we look at the development of Byzantine architecture. We examine its relationship to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. We then compare Byzantine architecture to early Christian architecture and enumerate the distinctly Byzantine elements of their art and architecture: central-plan, domes and pendentives. Finally, we touch briefly on how these architectural masterpieces were decorated.
14. Frankish History: Clovis and the Merovingians
This lesson will focus on Clovis and the rise and fall of the Merovingian Dynasty. It will highlight his unification of the Franks, his conversion to Catholicism, and the cultural advancements of the dynasty's rule.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Homeschool Curriculum course
- AP World History - Foundational Concepts: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Major Belief Systems: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Ancient Civilizations: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Ancient Middle East: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Ancient China, Africa, India & America: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Ancient Greece: Homeschool Curriculum
- Hellenism & Athenian Philosophy: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Rise of the Roman Republic: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Fall of the Roman Empire: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Early Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - The Medieval Warm Period: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - The High Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE): Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - The Late Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - The Renaissance: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - The Age of Exploration: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - The Reformation Across Europe: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - The Elizabethan Era: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - The Enlightenment: Homeschool Curriculum
- Political, Technological & Intellectual Developments (1750-1914): Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Colonialism: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - Imperialism: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - World War I: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP World History - A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond: Homeschool Curriculum
- Portions of the AP World History Exam: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP Exam Essay Writing Skills: Homeschool Curriculum
- AP Exam Essay Writing and Development: Homeschool Curriculum