About This Chapter
The Enlightenment - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The Enlightenment was an intellectual revolution that sprang from Europe's 30 Years' War. In this chapter, you'll learn about the themes of reason, individualism and skepticism that formed the basis of the Enlightenment period. Lessons also cover important thinkers during this time, such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Sir Isaac Newton. You'll explore how the Enlightenment's ideals were present in American intellectual and social movements. By the close of the chapter, you'll understand:
- The genesis of the Enlightenment after the 30 Years' War
- Major themes of the Enlightenment
- The Enlightenment's effect in America
- Important Enlightenment thinkers and their ideas
- Scientific discoveries in astronomy and physics during the Enlightenment
|The 30 Years' War and the Birth of the Enlightenment||Explain how the effects of the 30 Years' War led to the birth of the Enlightenment period across Europe.|
|The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social Revolution||Analyze the American Enlightenment and the resulting intellectual and social movements in the country.|
|Major Themes of the Enlightenment: Reason, Individualism and Skepticism||Explore the major philosophical and intellectual themes of the Enlightenment, including reason, individualism and skepticism.|
|The Enlightenment Thinkers and Their Ideas: Examples and Quiz||Identify important Enlightenment thinkers of the late 17th and early 18th centuries, including John Locke and Voltaire.|
|Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Ideas, Impact and Works||Discuss the works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and his impact on the Enlightenment period.|
|Science During the Enlightenment Period: Innovations, Discoveries and Major Figures||Understand the important contributions made to astronomy and physics by such Enlightenment scientists as Sir Isaac Newton, Galileo and Copernicus.|
1. The 30 Years' War & the Birth of the Enlightenment
In this lesson, we will examine the consequences of the Thirty Years' War, as well as the birth of the Enlightenment. We will place these events in historical context and show their lasting impact.
2. The Roots of the Enlightenment
In this lesson, we will learn about the roots of the Enlightenment. We will learn when and how the Enlightenment began, and we will identify the central themes associated with its beginning.
3. What is the English Enlightenment? - Definition, Ideals & Thinkers
In this lesson, we'll be looking at the English Enlightenment which was central to the formation of our modern society. Check out the main thinkers, their ideas and test your knowledge with a quiz.
4. Scottish Enlightenment: Hume, Smith, and Others
In this lesson, we discuss several leading thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment, including its two giants, the philosophers David Hume and Adam Smith.
5. The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social Revolution
For a thousand years, Europe had been living in the Dark Ages until a series of philosophical, religious and scientific movements helped turn on the lights. The Enlightenment began in Europe, but quickly spread throughout America in the 1700s and helped set the stage for a revolution against British rule.
6. Major Themes of the Enlightenment: Reason, Individualism & Skepticism
In this lesson, we will identify the major themes associated with the Enlightenment. We will also explore the major figures and learn about their contributions. We will understand the lasting impact of the Enlightenment by putting it in historical context.
7. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
8. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Philosophy and Legacy
In this lesson, we will learn about a famous philosopher named Jean-Jacques Rousseau. We will understand the specific views he advanced and identify his contributions to the field of philosophy.
9. Influence of the Enlightenment on Democratic Thought
In this lesson, we will learn about the impact the Enlightenment has had upon democracy. We will see how the Enlightenment helped shape modern democratic thinking.
10. Science During the Enlightenment Period: Innovations, Discoveries & Major Figures
In this lesson, we will learn about the Scientific Revolution that preceded the Enlightenment. We will highlight the major themes, innovations, discoveries, and figures associated with this revolution in science.
11. Women During the Enlightenment: Roles & Treatment
In this lesson, we explore the traditional gender roles for women in 18th century Europe and how the Enlightenment affected attitudes that encouraged future change.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
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