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- Discuss the reign of Augustus Caesar in the early Roman Empire.
- Take a look at the Aeneid by Virgil.
- Become familiar with Augustus's propagandists.
- Learn about the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, the Flavian dynasty, the Nervan-Antonine dynasty and the Severan dynasty.
- Understand what led to the 3rd Century Crisis.
- Examine Constantine's conversion and the ascent of Christianity.
- Discuss the emperors that came after Constantine and Justinian's code of law.
- List the reasons for the fall of Rome.
- Take a look at St. Augustine's City of God.
- Describe the characteristics of early Christian art and architecture.
1. The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar
This lesson is about Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. In this lesson we follow Augustus's meteoric rise to power, the collapse of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.
2. The Aeneid by Virgil
This lesson explores Virgil's 'Aeneid'. It consists of a brief plot synopsis. We stop along the way to look at a few important scenes and offer analysis where necessary.
3. Augustus' Propagandists: Virgil, Horace and Ovid
This lesson explores the role of poetry in Augustus' rise to power. We look at the contributions of Virgil and Horace, two poets brought to Augustus' aid by his friend Maecenas. We also look at the legacy of Ovid, a poet who seems to have raised the emperor's ire.
4. Emperors of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty
This lesson will explain the soap opera-like reign of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty. Highlighting the reigns of Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero, it will shed light on the Roman Empire's first ruling dynasty.
5. The Year of the Four Emperors & the Flavian Dynasty
This lesson will explore the famous Flavian emperors: Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. It will explain how this dynasty came to power during the Year of the Four Emperors. It will also highlight the details of each emperor's reign.
6. The Five Good Emperors of Rome & the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty
This lesson will identify the emperors of the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty. It will explain the rule of the Five Good Emperors of the era, while also highlighting the rule of Commodus, the last of the dynasty's emperors.
7. Emperors of the Severan Dynasty
This lesson focuses on the Severan Dynasty, which ruled Rome from 193 CE to 235 CE. Although the lesson explains the military and social reforms of this dynasty, it also highlights the outlandish personalities of the individual rulers.
8. Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis
This lesson will explain the 3rd Century Crisis of the Roman Empire. It will focus on the political, civil and economic problems that caused the crisis, and will also highlight the role of Diocletian in the resolution of the crisis.
9. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity
This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.
10. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine
This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.
11. The Fall of Rome
This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.
12. St. Augustine's City of God
This lesson explores the life of St. Augustine and one his most famous works, The City of God. As we explore this work, we'll highlight Rome's disdain for the Christian faith and Augustine's argument against Rome's religious position.
13. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism
This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.
14. Early Christian Architecture: Examples, History & Characteristics
Christianity managed to exist for hundreds of years before becoming the official religion of Rome. In this lesson, we'll take a look at the early architecture of the Christian church.
15. The Byzantine Empire: History, Culture & Timeline
In this lesson, you'll learn about the historical and cultural timeline of the Byzantine Empire and a bit about its famous emperors, Constantine and Justinian, seeing just how this 'New Rome' was established.
16. Women in Ancient Rome: Facts, Daily Life & History
In this lesson, you will learn about the difficulties women faced in ancient Rome strictly because of their gender. Additionally, you will understand what daily life was like for the average Roman woman during this time period.
17. The Plague of Justinian
This lesson discusses the plague which first occurred during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I. Discussed are how the plague originated, its consequences and how it affected the empire going forward.
18. Empress Theodora: Biography, Facts & Quotes
Empress Theodora rose from the humblest of circumstances to become one of the most influential women in the history of the Byzantine Empire. This lesson explores her life and accomplishments during her reign with her husband, Justinian I.
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