About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering AP world history material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn AP world history. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the Gothic period or the changes that took place during the High Middle Ages
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the High Middle Ages
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the High Middle Ages systems chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the High Middle Ages chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any High Middle Ages question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a High Middle Ages unit of a standard AP world history course. Topics covered include:
- Heresies and inquisitions of the High Middle Ages
- Mendicants and church reforms
- The rise of universities and displacement of monasteries
- Gothic painting, sculpture and architecture
- Guilds in Western culture
- Asian developments
- African cultures
- The Mayans, Incas and Aztecs
1. Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages
During the Middle Ages the term heresy referred to religious beliefs that were in disagreement with an established Christian doctrine. This lesson explores the often violent results of the growing popularity of heretical beliefs in the High Middle Ages.
2. Mendicants: St. Francis and Church Reforms
Catholicism spread throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. In response to growing power and separation from urban middle-class citizens, mendicants lived in poverty and reached out to the poor. This lesson explores the orders formed by the mendicants.
3. The Spread of Ancient Knowledge and Its Impact on the Church
Classical knowledge comes from ancient cultures like the Greeks and Romans. When Christians fought in the Crusades, they discovered some of these texts. This lesson explores the impact of classical learning on the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages.
4. The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries
Before the Middle Ages, education was the responsibility of the Church. As the need for education spread to those who were not clergy, monasteries could no longer meet the needs of education. This lesson explores the decline of monastic education and the rise of the university.
5. The Magna Carta & The Constitutions of Clarendon: Definition & Significance
In the High Middle Ages, rulers fought for supreme power. This lesson explores two of the earliest documents to limit power of an authority figure, whether it was the pope or a king.
6. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
7. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
8. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History
This lesson covers the three main features of Gothic architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress. We then look at a slideshow of examples of the Gothic style around Europe.
9. Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church
St. Thomas Aquinas was perhaps the most important figure of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. This lesson examines what he did to help protect the Church against a rebirth of critical thinking by using critical thinking to defend the Church.
10. Frederick II: King and Emperor
Frederick II was responsible for gaining control of many lands in Germany and Italy under the Holy Roman Empire. This lesson explores the background of the story and Frederick's accomplishments.
11. The Invention and Impact of Mechanical Clocks
Timekeeping has been a part of society since Ancient Egypt. This lesson briefly explores the history of clocks and the impact of the mechanical clock on medieval society.
12. Mongolians and Their Contributions to Western Civilization
This lesson covers the contributions of the Mongols to Western civilization. We begin by examining the tale of Marco Polo. Next, we look at some common misconceptions about the Mongols. Finally, we enumerate the many technologies brought to Europe by this group.
13. Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages
Medieval guilds provided standards for production and protected their members from oppression. This lesson explores why guilds developed in the High Middle Ages.
14. Middle Age Royals of England and France
The life of a High Middle Ages's king was filled with conflict. This lesson explores some of the major kings of England and France and their relations with each other and their powerful nobles.
15. The Daily Life of English Peasants
Peasants of the Middle Age faced a very harsh life. This lesson explores the typical lifestyle for an English peasant in the 11th through 13th centuries, including the daily tasks they performed.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Help and Review course
- AP World History - Foundational Concepts: Help and Review
- AP World History - Major Belief Systems: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient Times: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient Middle East: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient China, Africa, India & America: Help and Review
- AP World History - Ancient Greece: Help and Review
- AP World History - Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Rise of the Roman Republic: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Fall of the Roman Empire: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Dark Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - Early Middle Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Medieval Warm Period: Help and Review
- AP World History - Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE): Help and Review
- AP World History - The Late Middle Ages: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Renaissance: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Age of Exploration: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Reformation Across Europe: Help and Review
- AP World History - Imperialism: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Elizabethan Era: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Enlightenment: Help and Review
- AP World History - Political, Technological & Intellectual History: Help & Review
- AP World History - Colonialism: Help and Review
- AP World History - World War I: Help and Review
- AP World History - World War II: Help and Review
- AP World History - The Cold War: Help & Review
- AP World History - Major 20th Century Events: Help & Review
- AP World History - A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond: Help and Review
- Portions of the AP World History Exam: Help and Review
- AP World History Exam Essay Writing: Help and Review
- Essay Writing Your AP World History Exam: Help & Review