About This Chapter
The High Middle Ages - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The term High Middle Ages refers to a 300-year span of European history that lasted from approximately 1001 to 1300 A.D. It was characterized by heretical challenges to church authority and formal constraints on the monarchy in England, such as the ones that came about as a result of the Magna Carta document.
In this chapter, you'll take a video journey through the High Middle Ages, and learn about some of the key historical and trade developments that took place, not only in Western Europe, but also in Asia, Africa and South America. You'll also find out what life was like for English peasants and become acquainted with English, French and Chinese royalty.
This chapter will provide you with information about the following topics:
- Heretical controversies and the Inquisition
- The return of ancient knowledge and philosophies
- Medieval universities as a challenge to monastic-based learning
- Constitutional limits to state authority
- Gothic art and architecture
- Major trade routes of the High Middle Ages
|Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages||Describe the heretical arguments of the High Middle Ages and the response of an increasingly powerful church.|
|Mendicants: St. Francis and Church Reforms||Discuss church reform and poverty-based religious orders.|
|The Spread of Ancient Knowledge and Its Impact on the Church||Explain how the Crusades inspired a renewed interest in classical civilizations. Include the detrimental effect on the organized church and its monopoly on education.|
|The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries||Describe the rise of medieval universities and how they replaced monasteries as centers of learning.|
|The Magna Carta and the Constitution of Clarendon: Definition and Significance||Discuss the following agreements and documents: the Constitution of Clarendon, Forest Charters, Magna Carta and Provisions of Oxford.|
|Gothic Painting: Style and Characteristics||Define the distinctive style of Gothic painting.|
|Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics and Style||Examine the unique features of Gothic sculptures and stained glass.|
|Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics and History||Provide a historical overview of Gothic architectural styles.|
|How Thomas Aquinas Saved the Faith from Reason||Describe Aristotle's influence on Thomas Aquinas.|
|Frederick II: King and Emperor||Discuss the cultural and political exploits of the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II.|
|The Invention and Impact of Mechanical Clocks||Summarize the history of chronometers and their effect of mechanical clocks on Western Civilization.|
|Mongolians and Their Contributions to Western Civilization||Identify Mongolian contributions to Western Civilization.|
|Three Powerful Chinese Dynasties during the Middle Ages||Sum up the historical events that occurred in Asia during the Middle Ages, including references to the three major Chinese dynasties: T'ang (618-907 C.E.), Song (960-1279 C.E.) and Ming (1368-1644 C.E.).|
|Japan in the Middle Ages||Provide an overview of life in feudal Japan during the Middle Ages, including references to the Fujiwara and Yamamoto clans, Prince Shotoku and the Taika Reforms. Demonstrate an understanding of the Code of Bushido and the Shinto religion, as well as the roles of the daimyo and shogun.|
|Vietnam and Korea in the Middle Ages||Describe Vietnam and Korea in the Middle Ages, including the influence of China.|
|India and the Middle Ages||Discuss India during the Middle Ages, including the Delhi Sultanate and the influence of Hinduism and Islam.|
|Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages||Explain the importance of guilds in Western culture and economics.|
|Middle Age Royals of England and France||Understand the familial connections found among English and French royalty.|
|The Daily Life of English Peasants||Describe the day-to-day activities of English peasants.|
|The Kush and Axum Civilizations and the Swahili Coast||Demonstrate an understanding of how these two civilizations developed along the Swahili coast and the concept of interactions.|
|Ghana, Mali, and Songhai Cultures||Discuss the cultures of Ghana, Mali and Songhai.|
|The Mayan Decline||Explain the decline of Mayan civilization in 800 C.E.|
|The Aztecs and the Incas in the Middle Ages||Discuss the Aztecs and the Incas in the Middle Ages.|
|An Overview of Trade Networks||Discuss the major trade networks of 600-1450. Include the following trading arrangements and routes: China and Japan, the Hanseatic League, India and Persia, land routes of the Mongols, Mediterranean (Byzantine Empire, Islamic Empire and Western Europe), the Silk Road and the Trans-Saharan route.|
1. Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages
During the Middle Ages the term heresy referred to religious beliefs that were in disagreement with an established Christian doctrine. This lesson explores the often violent results of the growing popularity of heretical beliefs in the High Middle Ages.
2. Mendicants: St. Francis and Church Reforms
Catholicism spread throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. In response to growing power and separation from urban middle-class citizens, mendicants lived in poverty and reached out to the poor. This lesson explores the orders formed by the mendicants.
3. The Spread of Ancient Knowledge and Its Impact on the Church
Classical knowledge comes from ancient cultures like the Greeks and Romans. When Christians fought in the Crusades, they discovered some of these texts. This lesson explores the impact of classical learning on the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages.
4. The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries
Before the Middle Ages, education was the responsibility of the Church. As the need for education spread to those who were not clergy, monasteries could no longer meet the needs of education. This lesson explores the decline of monastic education and the rise of the university.
5. The Magna Carta & The Constitutions of Clarendon: Definition & Significance
In the High Middle Ages, rulers fought for supreme power. This lesson explores two of the earliest documents to limit power of an authority figure, whether it was the pope or a king.
6. Social & Economic Influences on Gothic Art & Architecture
The Gothic style redefined medieval Europe, but where did it come from? In this lesson, we'll explore some of the major influences that helped create the Gothic movement.
7. Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church
St. Thomas Aquinas was perhaps the most important figure of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. This lesson examines what he did to help protect the Church against a rebirth of critical thinking by using critical thinking to defend the Church.
8. Frederick II: King and Emperor
Fredrick II was responsible for gaining control of many lands in Germany and Italy under the Holy Roman Empire. This lesson explores the background of the story and Frederick's accomplishments.
9. The Invention and Impact of Mechanical Clocks
Timekeeping has been a part of society since Ancient Egypt. This lesson briefly explores the history of clocks and the impact of the mechanical clock on medieval society.
10. Mongolians and Their Contributions to Western Civilization
This lesson covers the contributions of the Mongols to Western civilization. We begin by examining the tale of Marco Polo. Next, we look at some common misconceptions about the Mongols. Finally, we enumerate the many technologies brought to Europe by this group.
11. Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages
Medieval guilds provided standards for production and protected their members from oppression. This lesson explores why guilds developed in the High Middle Ages.
12. Middle Age Royals of England and France
The life of a High Middle Ages's king was filled with conflict. This lesson explores some of the major kings of England and France and their relations with each other and their powerful nobles.
13. The Daily Life of English Peasants
Peasants of the Middle Age faced a very harsh life. This lesson explores the typical lifestyle for an English peasant in the 11th through 13th centuries, including the daily tasks they performed.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America
- AP World History: Ancient Greece
- AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Renaissance
- AP World History: The Age of Exploration
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Elizabethan Era
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
- AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards
- Additional AP World History Flashcards