About This Chapter
The Late Middle Ages - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The Late Middle Ages in Europe were times of conflict and crisis that lasted from approximately 1301 to 1500 A.D. In this chapter, you'll learn how civil unrest, disease and warfare brought about an end to economic growth and prosperity in Medieval Europe. At the same time, you'll also find out about the key developments that took place in late medieval literature, as evidenced by Dante's Divine Comedy.
The Hundred Years' War between France and England will be covered, including the role of the Christian martyr and saint, Joan of Arc. Additional topics include how the Black Death precipitated the violent peasant revolts in England during the 14th-century. When you've finished watching the video tutorials and completing the self-assessment quizzes, you should be able to discuss the following historical events:
- The Western Schism
- The Hundred Years' War
- The establishment of the Magna Carta
- The Black Death
- The martyrdom of Joan of Arc
- Late medieval peasant revolts of the 14th-century
|Christian Anti-Semitism in Medieval Europe||Describe how and why the organized church promoted anti-semitism in medieval Europe.|
|Babylonian Captivity of the Church and the Decline of Papal Authority||Discuss the decline of papal authority, including references to the hostage pope.|
|The Western Schism and the Tale of Three Popes||Explain the origins and consequences of the Papal Schism.|
|Dante's Divine Comedy and the Growth of Literature in the Middle Ages||Demonstrate your knowledge of medieval literary developments and themes with an emphasis on Dante's seminal work.|
|The Magna Carta and the Constitution of Clarendon: Definition and Significance||Discuss how the Magna Carta established rights for all and limited the powers of the monarchy.|
|The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France||Summarize the series of conflicts associated with the battle for the French throne.|
|The Longbow in the Hundred Years' War||Explain how the longbow changed warfare in medieval Europe.|
|Joan of Arc and the End of the Hundred Years' War||Describe Joan of Arc's role at the end of the war.|
|The Little Ice Age and the Black Death||Discuss how climate changes and the spread of disease both hurt and helped medieval Europe.|
|Fourteenth-Century Peasant Revolts Across Europe||Discuss the peasant revolts that occurred across Europe.|
1. Christian Antisemitism in Medieval Europe
Medieval Europe was predominantly full of Christian societies, but not all citizens were Christians. In this lesson, we'll talk about anti-Semitic policies and fears that characterize European societies for over a millennium.
2. Babylonian Captivity of the Church and the Decline of Papal Authority
In the Middle Ages, the power of the papacy began to decline. A French pope chose to move his court to France. This lesson explores this event, its background, and its impact on Catholicism.
3. The Western Schism and the Tale of 3 Popes
In the Middle Ages, the Catholic church ended up with three elected popes, creating a division in loyalty. This lesson explores how this incident occurred and how it was finally resolved.
4. Dante's Divine Comedy and the Growth of Literature in the Middle Ages
Dante Alighieri was a poet and philosopher from Florence during a time of political unrest. This article explores one of his most well-known poems and its impact on literature and Italian society.
5. The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France
The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France between 1337 and 1453. This lesson explores what led to the conflict and some of the decisive battles of the war.
6. The Longbow in the Hundred Years' War
The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France over English control of French territories. In two major battles, England won because of their longbowmen. This lesson explains why the longbows were important.
7. Joan of Arc and the End of the Hundred Years' War
Joan of Arc was a French peasant who led French troops against England in the Hundred Years' War. This lesson provides a brief description of her life and actions in the war against England.
8. The Little Ice Age and the Black Death
Fourteenth century Europe experienced a devastating population decline due to a climate cooling, famine, and the plague. This lesson explores how these factors occurred and their impact on Europe.
9. Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
This lesson analyzes Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, an early classic of English literature. In it we will highlight Chaucer's criticism of social rank, the position of women, and Church corruption.
10. Fourteenth-Century Peasant Revolts Across Europe
Fourteenth-century Europe saw several peasant revolts. This lesson looks at the economic and political conditions that led to these uprisings and names two of the most well-known.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America
- AP World History: Ancient Greece
- AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Renaissance
- AP World History: The Age of Exploration
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Elizabethan Era
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
- AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards
- Additional AP World History Flashcards