About This Chapter
AP World History: The Renaissance - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In French, the word renaissance means rebirth, and this period in history was full of change. In this chapter, you'll learn about the important figures of the Renaissance, from Leonardo da Vinci to Geoffrey Chaucer. Our instructors have broken down the chapters into that lessons that focus on smaller topics, like art, banking, writing, and various wars. You'll get an overview of the important events of the period as well as learn the ideals that prompted such challenges to the status quo. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- Influential figures of the Renaissance
- Discoveries that changed the world
- Art and literature that came out of this period
- The interaction between the church and reformers
- The structures of monarchies and countries in this time
|The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview||Get an overview of the overlapping events of the Renaissance and Reformation.|
|The Italian Renaissance||Learn about the competing kingdoms of Italy and how that structure changed during this era.|
|Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual||Understand this philosophy that lies at the heart of the Renaissance and how it influenced all aspects of culture.|
|Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures, and Architecture||Take a look at the transformation of art from the medieval era and see the primary traits of the new artistic period.|
|The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family||Explore the social and political impact of the Medici family, from the papacy, banking, and the monarchies of Europe.|
|The Birth of Parliament: Monarchs vs. the Aristocracy||Examine the rise of monarchies during the Renaissance and their interactions with the church.|
|The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking||Get an idea of how the ideals of the Renaissance impacted banking and economies in Europe.|
|The Formation of Modern Nation States||Learn how kingdoms and tribes came together to form the countries we know today.|
|The Renaissance Heresies of Wycliffe and Hus||Understand the conflict that arose from Wycliffe translating the Bible and the support of one his followers, Jan Hus.|
|The Northern Renaissance||Take a look at how the ideals and changes that came with the Renaissance played out in the northern countries of Europe.|
|Canterbury Tales of Geoffrey Chaucer||Explore this classic collection of tales that ranges from bawdy to reverent and what it tells us about this period.|
|France and the Valois at the End of the 100 Years' War||Examine the conflict over the claim to the French throne and what happened at the end of the war fought over it.|
|England's War of the Roses||Get an overview of this English conflict over the throne and who came out on top.|
|England and the Tudors at the End of the War of the Roses||Discover the state of England and its rulers after the war was over.|
|Leonardo da Vinci: Biography||Learn about one of history's most important artists and inventors.|
|Reconquista and Spanish Inquisition||Understand what prompted Spain to react so harshly against church reforms and what happened to its people in this time period.|
|How the Compass Helped Columbus||Take a look at this navigation technology and how its invention helped make new discoveries around the world.|
|How the Printing Press Changed the World||Explore the incredible impact that the invention of the printing press had on the world.|
1. The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview
In this lesson, we will build an outline of the historical events which flow together to form the time periods of the Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Discovery, and the Elizabethan era.
2. The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation
This lesson will discuss the three main reasons why Italy transformed from a group of competing city-states to the home of the birth of the Renaissance.
3. Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual
In this lesson, we will be discussing how humanism changed the idea of the individual from something sinful and controlled by the Church into something of great beauty and worth.
4. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture
In this lesson, we will be discussing Renaissance art, focusing primarily on paintings, sculptures, and architecture. We will also be learning how humanism affected the art of this time period.
5. The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family
This lesson will focus on the Medici family of Florence, Italy. It will explain their rise to power through banking. It will also highlight their influence on the Renaissance era and how they gained influence without violence.
6. The Birth of Parliament: Monarchs vs. the Aristocracy
This lesson will focus on the rise of monarchies during the Renaissance, highlighting the interactions of these monarchies with the church and the aristocracy.
7. The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking
In this lesson, we will discuss the rise of banking and the Renaissance economy. We will highlight the Medici family and the rise of the middle class.
8. The Formation of Modern Nation States
This lesson explains the formation of the modern nation-states. It will highlight how the decline of feudalism, as well as the decline in church power, helped bring about the modern nation-state. It will also feature several monarchs who ruled during these times.
9. The Northern Renaissance
This lesson will focus on the Northern Renaissance. It will contrast the Renaissance of the North with the Italian Renaissance, exploring these differences in the areas of art, politics, and religion.
10. France and the Valois at the End of the 100 Years War
This lesson focuses on France at the end of The Hundred Years War. It will examine the changes to France in the areas of military tactics, feudalism, and its monarchies. It will also highlight the French monarchs of the time period.
11. England's Wars of the Roses
This lesson will focus on England's Wars of the Roses. It will highlight the key figures from both the Houses of York and Lancaster. It will also identify the importance of the divine right of kings.
12. England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses
This lesson will focus on the Tudor Dynasty, which came to power after England's Wars of the Roses. It will focus on the contributions of the five Tudor monarchs in the areas of government, religion, economic and the arts.
13. Reconquista and Spanish Inquisition
This lesson will explain the Spanish Reconquista and the Spanish Inquisition. It will focus on the reasons for each, specifically highlighting the role of Ferdinand and Isabella, and the tortures they allowed.
14. How the Compass Helped Columbus
This lesson will explore the use of the compass during Columbus' voyages to the New World. It will highlight the navigational techniques of dead reckoning and celestial navigation. It will also review the voyages of Columbus.
15. How the Printing Press Changed the World
When you think of inventions that changed the world, you may think of farming tools or the wheel, or even the Internet. However, few can truly compare to the humble printing press.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Exam Prep course
- AP World History: Foundational Concepts
- AP World History: Major Belief Systems
- AP World History: Ancient Times
- AP World History: Ancient Middle East
- AP World History: Ancient China, Africa, India & America
- AP World History: Ancient Greece
- AP World History: Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy
- AP World History: The Rise of the Roman Republic
- AP World History: The Fall of the Roman Empire
- AP World History: The Dark Ages
- AP World History: Early Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Medieval Warm Period
- AP World History: The High Middle Ages
- AP World History: Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE)
- AP World History: The Late Middle Ages
- AP World History: The Age of Exploration
- AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
- AP World History: The Elizabethan Era
- AP World History: The Enlightenment
- AP World History: Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914)
- AP World History: Colonialism
- AP World History: Imperialism
- AP World History: World War I
- AP World History: World War II
- AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
- AP World History: A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond
- Portions of the AP World History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP World History Flashcards
- Additional AP World History Flashcards