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- Learn about Roman myths and religion.
- Discuss the early history of ancient Rome.
- Take a look at the formation of the Roman Republic.
- Examine the Latin, Pyrrhic and Samnite Wars.
- Describe the causes of the Punic Wars.
- Understand the characteristics of Roman engineering and architecture.
- Learn about Roman law and the Pax Romana.
- Describe the hierarchy of officials in the Roman government.
- Explain the philosophies of stoicism and atomism.
- Discuss Julius Caesar's destruction of the Roman Republic.
1. Roman Myths and Religion
This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.
2. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
3. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.
4. The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars
This lesson covers the unification of Italy under Roman control. In the course of this lesson, we explore the causes and repercussions of the Samnite Wars, the Latin War, and the Pyrrhic War.
5. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
6. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
7. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
8. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.
9. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius
This lesson will discuss the theories of the Roman philosopher, Lucretius. As it focuses on Lucretius and his works, it will highlight his belief in atomism and his famous poem, 'On the Nature of Things.'
10. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
11. Pax Romana: Definition, Facts & Achievements
This lesson will talk about the Pax Romana, a long period of peace that started at the beginning of the Roman Empire and lasted into the third century C.E.
12. Proconsul: Definition & Overview
Explore the history and significance of the Roman political office called the proconsul, and test your understanding about ancient Roman politics, government, and culture.
13. The Struggle of the Orders: Plebeians and Patricians
You may be familiar with two of the social classes in Rome, the patricians and plebeians, but how much do you know about the conflicts between them? This lesson explores the Struggle of the Orders that began in 494 B.C. and lasted until 287 B.C.
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Other chapters within the AP World History: Tutoring Solution course
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