About This Chapter
The Rise of the Roman Republic - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The Roman Republic began in 509 B.C. with the overthrow of a king and signaled the end of the monarchy in Rome. In this chapter, you'll learn how the ancient Roman civilization and kingdom developed into a republic and major power in the early world. Through easy-to-follow video lessons, you'll also become immersed in the cultural, military and political history of the republic and find parallels between our own and the early Roman governments. Key literary and philosophical figures will be discussed, along with the similarities between ancient Greek and Roman cultures and religions.
You'll also find out how the Roman Republic came to an end under Julius Caesar and returned to an autocratic form of government. When you've finished watching the video lessons, you should be familiar with:
- The relationship between Greek and Roman culture
- The development of ancient Roman civilization and the establishment of the republic, including its offices and institutions
- Key events and periods of the Roman Republic, including military campaigns, conquests and the Roman Peace
- Roman moral philosophies
- The conflicts and personalities that brought about the end of the Roman Republic
|Roman Myths and Religion||Understand the mythical and religious themes the Romans borrowed from the Greeks. Identify unique Roman contributions to myth and faith.|
|The Founding of Ancient Rome and Rome's Early History||Describe the progression of Italy as a Greek Colony, an Etruscan Fief and a Kingdom, including and up to the formation of the Republic. Contrast the historical and poetic perspectives of Livy and Virgil.|
|Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History||Discuss the Formation of the Roman Republic, including its offices, institutions and history.|
|The Latin, Samnite and Pyrrhic Wars||Explain the causes and events associated with the Latin, Samnite and Pyrrhic Wars|
|The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary and Hannibal||Provide an overview of the two Punic Wars.|
|Roman Engineering and Architecture||Describe Roman building and engineering achievements.|
|Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning and History||Discuss the 200-year-old period of Roman Peace, including how Romans 'civilized' the peoples they conquered.|
|Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History||Diagram the hierarchy and roles of government officials in the Roman Republic.|
|Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy||Explain the uniquely Roman way of looking at the road, as well as the other moral philosophies associated with the empire.|
|Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius||Examine Rome's main contributions to natural philosophy, including the importance of the philosopher and poet, Titus Lucretius Carus.|
|The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar and Pompey||Discuss the civil and military conflicts led by Julius Caesar and 'Pompey the Great' and how Caesar's triumph initiated the end of the Roman Republic.|
1. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
2. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.
3. The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars
This lesson covers the unification of Italy under Roman control. In the course of this lesson, we explore the causes and repercussions of the Samnite Wars, the Latin War, and the Pyrrhic War.
4. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
5. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
6. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
7. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.
8. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius
This lesson will discuss the theories of the Roman philosopher, Lucretius. As it focuses on Lucretius and his works, it will highlight his belief in atomism and his famous poem, 'On the Nature of Things.'
9. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
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