About This Chapter
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Topics from your homework you'll be able to complete:
- Altruism and prosocial behavior
- Gender and cultural influences on prosocial behavior
- Positive mood and negative state relief theory
- The bystander effect
- Social exchange theory and empathy-altruism comparisons
- Urban overload, pluralistic ignorance and diffusion of responsibility
- The application of social psychology to environmental efforts
- Eyewitness accounts and the misinformation effect
- Recovered memories and false confessions
- Deterrence theory of punishment
- Perceived behavioral control
- Seligman's learned helplessness theory
- Self-efficacy and locus of control
- Research on happiness
- Emotional vs. instrumental social support and stress
1. Altruism and Prosocial Behavior: Definition & Predictors
Prosocial behavior is any action intended to help others. One motivation for prosocial behavior is altruism, or the desire to help others with no expectation of reward. In this lesson, we explore prosocial behavior and the elements that social psychologists have identified as predicting it.
2. Prosocial Behavior: How Gender and Culture Predict Helping
Social psychologists have found that both gender and culture help to predict people's prosocial behavior. In this lesson, we look at both of these factors and how they affect helping behaviors.
3. How Positive Moods and Negative State Relief Affect Prosocial Behavior
Your mood, good or bad, affects whether you are willing to engage in prosocial behavior. In this lesson, we look at how and why mood can determine whether people help others.
4. Defining the Bystander Effect: Kitty Genovese Murder & Research by Latane and Darley
In 1964, Kitty Genovese was murdered outside her New York apartment building. Some of her neighbors heard her screams but didn't call for help. This lesson explains the social phenomenon known as the bystander effect, which helps to explain why Genovese's neighbors didn't help her.
5. Social Exchange Theory vs. Empathy-Altruism
Social psychologists disagree on why people help others. Two theories on the subject are social exchange theory and the empathy-altruism hypothesis. In this lesson, we'll learn more about each of these theories.
6. Urban Overload, Pluralistic Ignorance & Diffusion of Responsibility: Definition and Effect on Helping
Studies have shown that people in large cities are less likely to help people out than people in small towns. In this lesson, we'll learn why this is by looking at the theories of urban overload, pluralistic ignorance, and diffusion of responsibility.
7. Social Psychology and its Applications in Environmental Efforts
Social psychologists have used information from their experiments to change people's behaviors in an effort to save the environment. In this lesson, we'll look at several psychological principles and how they can be applied to environmental efforts.
8. The Misinformation Effect and Eyewitness Accounts
Many crimes are prosecuted on the basis of eyewitness testimony. But how accurate are eyewitness accounts? The misinformation effect and source monitoring are two psychological principles that explain how sometimes witnesses can be mistaken.
9. Recovered Memories, False Confessions & the Misinformation Effect
The misinformation effect occurs when people are given misleading information that changes their memory of events. It can cause issues with two phenomena in the legal system: recovered memories and false confessions. In this lesson, we'll look at both in more detail.
10. Deterrence Theory of Punishment: Definition & Effect on Law Obedience
Deterrence theory says that people obey the law because they are scared of getting caught and being punished. In this lesson, we'll look more closely at deterrence theory and how it relates to drunk driving and the death penalty.
11. Perceived Behavioral Control: Definition and Relation to Stress
How much control over a situation we believe we have, also called our perceived control, helps reduce stress and has many other health benefits. In this lesson, we'll look at studies that demonstrate the powerful effect perceived control can have on our health.
12. How Seligman's Learned Helplessness Theory Applies to Human Depression and Stress
Learned helplessness is when people feel helpless to avoid negative situations because previous experience has shown them that they do not have control. In this lesson, we'll explore some of the causes and effects of learned helplessness.
13. Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control: Definition and Meaning
Self-efficacy is the belief that you can succeed in a specific area of your life, and locus of control is how much control you feel like you have over a situation. What do these two things have in common? In this lesson, we'll explore them both and how they relate to each other.
14. Research on Happiness: What Makes People Happy?
Research has found that there are several things that make people happy. Scientists have also discovered that most people don't do a good job of predicting what will make them happy. In this lesson, we'll look at what causes happiness, the relationship of money to happiness, and how accurate people are at making predictions about happiness.
15. Social Support and Stress: Emotional vs. Instrumental Support
Social support is an important tool for coping with stress. There are two main and contradicting hypotheses about the role of social support in stressful situations: the buffering hypothesis and the main effects hypothesis. In this lesson, we'll learn more about social support and its effects on stress.
16. Dan Gilbert on Happiness: Overview
Read about the social psychologist Dan Gilbert and his views on happiness. Learn about his theory on synthetic happiness and test your understanding with a quiz.
17. False Memories in Psychology: Formation & Definition
What are false memories, and how do they happen? More importantly, what can the phenomenon of false memories teach us about the human brain? In this lesson, we discuss memory and some of its complexities.
18. Psychology of False Confessions: Causes, Consequences & Implications
What would you do if you were wrongfully accused of a crime? In this lesson, we will explore why some people give false confessions and the consequences it has on their lives.
19. Rape Victims: Facts, Aftermath & Psychological Effects
Rape is a horrible crime against a human being. Rape affects both the victims of the crime and their families and friends. Here, we discuss statistics, the definition of rape, and the aftermath.
20. Reciprocal Interaction: Definition & Model
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of reciprocal interaction. You'll also review the associated model and apply the concept to a real-world example.
21. Recovered Memory: Syndrome, Therapy & Controversy
Explore the idea and evidence behind recovered memories. How well has the idea of recovered or suppressed memories been researched? Has it ever come up in a larger context, such as court?
22. Relativist Fallacy: Definition & Example
In this lesson, we will discuss the relativist fallacy. Learn more about the relativist fallacy and the relationship between that fallacy and objectivity. Then test your knowledge with a quiz.
23. Role Set in Sociology: Definition & Analysis
This lesson explores the concept of role set. Learn about a sociologist's analysis on how we survive with so many complicated relationships in our lives.
24. Social Expectations: Definition & Theory
Ever wonder why we care so much about what others think of us? Let's explore the reasons and examine some theories that may have some weight on what our social expectations are.
25. Social Learning Theory: Definition & Examples
There are many ways in which human beings learn. One of the most effective ways is by watching, observing and modeling others, and this is known as social learning theory.
26. Social Systems: Definition & Theory
Through this lesson, you will learn what defines social systems, and gain insight into how their relationships create a functioning society. When you are through with the lesson, you can test your new knowledge with the quiz.
27. Status Set in Sociology: Definition & Example
Most of us occupy various different statuses in society, depending on the setting. Learn about the definition of status set in sociology and see some examples.
28. What Is Happiness? - Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, we will define happiness and discuss the nebulous nature of the concept. Learn about Martin Seligman and his PERMA model, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
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Other chapters within the Social Psychology: Homework Help Resource course
- Introduction to Social Psychology: Homework Help
- Research Methods and Ethics: Homework Help
- Social Cognition & Perception: Homework Help
- The Self in a Social Context: Homework Help
- Attitudes and Persuasion: Homework Help
- Group Decisions: Homework Help
- Attraction & Close Relationships: Homework Help
- Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination: Homework Help