About This Chapter
Approaches to Instruction - Chapter Summary
Studying the lessons in this chapter will improve your understanding of instructional strategies and differentiated instruction. These lesson videos are mobile device friendly so that you may have a portable way to review:
- Hands-on, interactive, expository and collaborative instructional strategies
- Differences between direct instruction and discovery instruction
- Ways of adapting learning environments to fit the needs of students
- The expository approach to instruction
- Ways to set up cooperative and collaborative learning in classrooms
- Techniques for advancing students creativity
- Physical, cognitive and behavioral difference between genders
After watching these lesson videos, improve your retention of the information presented in them by reading the lesson transcripts. These written overviews of the lessons will provide you with an additional way to study the material and key terms of the chapter. To see how well you remember the material presented in the lessons, take the lesson quizzes. These quizzes will help you identify the topics you don't understand and provide you with video tags to improve your understanding of them. The video tags will allow you to go directly to and study the parts of the lessons that explain the material you missed.
1. Instructional Strategies: Hands-On, Interactive, Expository & Collaborative
In this lesson, we will use the fictional Academy of Magic to illustrate four types of instructional strategies that teachers use in the classroom: expository instruction, interactive instruction, hands-on instruction and collaborative instruction.
2. Direct Instruction & Discovery Instruction: Definition & Differences
Two of the most popular teaching strategies are direct instruction and discovery instruction, which are frequently discussed in contrast with each other. In this lesson, we define each type of instruction and discuss the differences between the two.
3. Differentiated Instruction: Adapting the Learning Environment for Students
Differentiated instruction is a great strategy that teachers use to accommodate a wide variety of learning needs. In this lesson, we discuss differentiated instruction and identify which aspects of the classroom can be differentiated.
4. Expository Approaches to Instruction
Good expository instruction goes beyond just giving information to students. In this lesson, we describe effective expository instruction and how it is used to structure lessons in a way that optimizes learning.
5. Cooperative and Collaborative Learning in the Classroom
It's extremely common for teachers to require students to work in groups. However, certain types of groups and activities are preferred over others. In this lesson, we define cooperative learning and discuss its advantages in the classroom. We also define collaborative learning and explain how it is different than cooperative learning.
6. How to Advance Creativity in a Learning Environment
Students in a classroom can attempt to solve problems in a wide variety of creative ways. This lesson defines creativity and then covers barriers to thinking creatively, including response sets and functional fixedness. Finally, the lesson discusses different types of creative problem solving, including brainstorming and working backward.
7. Gender Differences in the Classroom: Physical, Cognitive & Behavioral
Growing up, did you ever observe gender differences among girls and boys in school? Do you still observe gender differences as an adult? There are established gender differences noted in a variety of contexts. This lesson will explore specific differences in physical and motor skills, cognitive abilities and more.
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