Ch 21: AQA A-Level Chemistry: Scientific Investigation

About This Chapter

Increase your knowledge of scientific investigation by reviewing the short and engaging videos in this chapter. Review scientific research, sample size, validity, reliability and more to enhance your preparations for the AQA A-Level Chemistry test.

AQA A-Level Chemistry: Scientific Investigation - Chapter Summary

This chapter is designed to prepare you for scientific investigation questions on the AQA A-Level Chemistry test by exploring a wide variety of concepts associated with this subject area. Lessons can give you the refresher you need and ensure you're prepared for the following on exam day:

  • Defining and describing scientific research, the scientific method and control groups
  • Identifying different kinds of research methods and scales of measurement, and describing research variables
  • Explaining how to develop a scientific hypothesis and design an experiment to test a given hypothesis
  • Discussing how to determine sample size and evaluate data
  • Differentiating between primary and secondary research, and explaining how scientific observations lead to scientific questioning
  • Providing details about validity and research, and describing the process of taking safety precautions in science experiments
  • Interpreting tables, graphs and charts of scientific data

Feel like an expert in the area of scientific research by taking advantage of the resources in this chapter. Review the lessons as many times as you need, and even use timelines with clickable tags to skip to key topics within videos anytime you want to look over specific details about scientific research. Take the quiz included with each lesson until you pass, and even take it again to test your knowledge before the exam. Gain additional details about the lessons by submitting your questions to our experts. After completing this chapter, you will feel more than prepared for questions on the test.

16 Lessons in Chapter 21: AQA A-Level Chemistry: Scientific Investigation
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Scientific Research?

1. What is Scientific Research?

This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!

The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples

2. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples

The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.

What Are The Different Kinds of Research Methods?

3. What Are The Different Kinds of Research Methods?

This lesson will go over some important research methods, including observation, correlation, and experimentation, as well as examples of each type of methodology.

Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous & Moderator

4. Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous & Moderator

This lesson explores the terminology of experimental design. What are variables? How do they influence each other? Is it possible that you are seeing connections that don't actually exist?

What is a Control Group? - Definition and Use in Research

5. What is a Control Group? - Definition and Use in Research

In research, many times a condition is compared to a group that doesn't receive treatment. In this lesson, we'll look at what a control group is and why it is important.

Scales of Measurement: Nominal, Ordinal, Interval & Ratio

6. Scales of Measurement: Nominal, Ordinal, Interval & Ratio

When doing research, variables are described on four major scales. In this lesson, we'll look at the major scales of measurement, including nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio scales.

Developing a Scientific Hypothesis

7. Developing a Scientific Hypothesis

This video describes how to create a hypothesis and includes the three main things needed to create a strong hypothesis. You'll learn how to make a clear statement that can be both tested and measured.

Designing an Experiment to Test a Given Hypothesis

8. Designing an Experiment to Test a Given Hypothesis

A well-written hypothesis is the key to any well-designed experiment. In this lesson, we'll work through the process of designing an experiment based on the hypothesis it's meant to test and see how the two work to complement each other.

How to Determine Sample Size

9. How to Determine Sample Size

How many subjects should a researcher use in his or her experiment? In this lesson, we'll examine the elements that go into sample size, including how to figure out how big a sample should be and what real-world issues influence sample size.

Primary & Secondary Research: Definition, Differences & Methods

10. Primary & Secondary Research: Definition, Differences & Methods

Differentiating between different types of research articles is useful when looking at what has already been done. In this lesson, we explore some of the different types of research articles out there and when they would be used.

How Scientific Observations Lead to Scientific Questioning

11. How Scientific Observations Lead to Scientific Questioning

Scientific observations are a major component of the scientific process because they lead scientists to ask questions about the world around them. These questions may then be refined with continued observation, or they may be tested through experimentation.

Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study

12. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study

Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.

Interpreting Tables of Scientific Data: Practice Problems

13. Interpreting Tables of Scientific Data: Practice Problems

Complex table problems getting you down? Multi-question, situational problems don't have to be a drag on your testing performance. Learn how to apply three simple rules as we walk through two table problems together.

Interpreting Graphs and Charts of Scientific Data: Practice Problems

14. Interpreting Graphs and Charts of Scientific Data: Practice Problems

Do charts and graphs make problem-solving difficult? Complex problems with visual representations can drain your brain during a test. In this lesson, learn three simple rules for solving problems with charts and graphs. We'll try them out as we walk through two sample problems.

Evaluating Data: Precision, Accuracy & Error

15. Evaluating Data: Precision, Accuracy & Error

The data you present as a scientist needs to be as accurate, precise and error-free as possible. In this lesson, we'll discuss what each of these terms means, as well as how error is introduced into measurements and other data collection.

Understanding Risks & Taking Safety Precautions in Science Experiments

16. Understanding Risks & Taking Safety Precautions in Science Experiments

An important step in designing your experiment involves identifying and evaluating any potential safety risks. Knowing what these risks are ahead of time can help you avoid accidents and dangerous situations, which helps keep the experiment safe and fun for all.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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