About This Chapter
Architectural Concepts - Chapter Summary
High school and college students who are interested in studying architecture can get important background information on this field by reviewing some of the major concepts used in modern architecture. The lessons included in this chapter will provide you with comprehensive overviews of different concepts you will need to know. Our lesson instructors will help you study each topic in a convenient and informative online format.
You can answer the questions in each lesson's practice quiz to see how much you remember on that particular topic. The final chapter exam will allow you to assess your understanding of the major points from the chapter as a whole. If you would like even more information or clarification on specific points, you have the option of messaging the lesson instructors directly. Finally, be sure to use your personal Dashboard to see what progress you have made upon completing each lesson. When you complete this chapter, you will be able to:
- Define and provide examples of Gesamtkunstwerk
- Understand architectural forced perspective
- Analyze architectural symmetry
- Understand Poche style
- Accurately explain architectural juxtaposition
- Discuss what hierarchy means in architecture
- Understand eclecticism
- Define and contextualize architectural modernism
- Characterize deconstructivism
- Explain form as it relates to harmonic proportion
- Describe the history of urban form
1. Gesamtkunstwerk: Definition & Examples
There are many theories about architecture, each which results in different styles of buildings. In this lesson, we'll explore the idea of Gesamtkunstwerk, and look at a few notable examples.
2. Forced Perspective in Architecture
Architects have several tricks up their sleeves to help them create the perfect structure. In this lesson, we'll explore the concept of forced perspective and see how architects have used it across history.
3. Symmetry in Architecture
Symmetry is one of the most common ways to understand the relationship between parts of a building. In this lesson, we'll explore this concept and look at some real-world examples.
4. Poche in Architecture
There are many design elements of architecture, some of which we pay more attention to that others. In this lesson, we'll explore the poche and see how it can contribute to a structure's appearance.
5. Juxtaposition in Architecture
Architecture is a unique art form with unique rules of style. In this lesson, we'll explore the concept of juxtaposition and see how it can be used to visually enhance the elements of a solid structure.
6. Hierarchy in Architecture
Architects use many tricks to help them get their buildings just right. In this lesson, we'll explore the concept of hierarchy, and discuss how it can change the way we see a structure.
7. Eclecticism in Architecture: Definition & Meaning
Architecture is very often governed by strict rules of style. However, there are exceptions. In this lesson, we'll explore the use of eclecticism in architecture, and see how this has influenced architectural styles through history.
8. Modernism in Architecture: Definition & History
Technology can drastically change life and society, thus architecture. This lesson is about modernism and its history in responding to social changes with architecture, design, and technology.
9. Deconstructivism in Architecture: Characteristics
There are many ways to break rules. In this lesson, we'll explore a trend in architecture based around a very specific kind of rule-breaking, and see what this means in terms of constructing a building.
10. Harmonic Proportion in Architecture: Definition & Form
In this lesson, we will be covering what harmonic proportion is and the form it takes. Harmonic proportion is an important tool in any design field and has a long history of applications in the real world.
11. What is Urban Form? - Definition & History
Urban spaces are pretty important parts of human history. In this lesson, we'll talk about the concept of urban form and look at it throughout history.
12. Ruskin's The Seven Lamps of Architecture: Summary & Quotes
John Ruskin's book-length essay ''The Seven Lamps of Architecture'' details the principles of architecture. In this lesson, a summary and several quotes will help you understand Ruskin's book and its impact on architecture.
13. What is a Battlement?: Definition, Parts & Design
Have you ever seen a castle? Did it have tall protective walls with gaps separated by distinctive stone structures? You might have been looking at a battlement. In this lesson, learn what a battlement is and how it is designed.
14. What is a Head House in Architecture?
What do structures like railroad stations, grain elevators and greenhouses have in common? They all have head houses. In this lesson, learn what the term head house means in architecture.
15. Architecture Parlante: Definition & Examples
Can a building tell you its purpose? Have you ever seen a structure shaped like or decorated in ways that expressed what it was used for? In this lesson, learn about the term architecture parlante and see some examples.
16. What is a Columbarium? - Definition & Design
What do birds like doves and cemetery structures have in common? Have you ever heard of a columbarium? In this lesson, learn what a columbarium is and how it's designed.
17. What is a Mausoleum? - Definition, Interior & History
Have you ever taken a walk in a cemetery and seen rows of small buildings with closed doors? In this lesson, learn about these burial structures called mausoleums.
18. What is a Porte Cochere? - Definition, Design & Architecture
Does your house have a porch? Is it large enough for a carriage to pass through? In this lesson, learn what a porte cochere is, and explore its use in architecture.
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