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Ch 2: Architectural Styles

About This Chapter

You can learn about some of the major styles of architecture by reading over the lessons in this chapter. These lessons are great study guides for high school and college students interested in this field.

Architectural Styles - Chapter Summary

Before beginning a course of studies in architecture, high school and college students should first become familiar with major architectural styles. You can learn about some of these styles by reading the lessons included in this chapter. Each lesson is compiled by an experienced instructor whose expertise will help you grasp these concepts.

The chapter's practice quizzes will help you make sure that you have understood the main points from each lesson. Once you have completed them, take the final chapter exam to ensure that you understand the subject as a whole. For further clarification on specific points, you can message the lesson instructors directly. You can also use your personal Dashboard to see how much progress you have made as you complete different lessons and quizzes. This chapter will allow you to:

  • Recognize the characteristics and style of Rococo architecture
  • Define and analyze Beaux-Arts style
  • Accurately explain the history of Beaux-Arts architecture
  • Recognize the buildings, architects and style of Brutalist architecture
  • Define Postmodern architecture
  • Distinguish between modern and postmodern architecture
  • Understand the characteristics of sustainable architecture
  • Analyze the Art Deco building style
  • Describe Art Nouveau architecture
  • Name the characteristics of French neoclassical architecture
  • Explain what characterizes functionalist architecture

22 Lessons in Chapter 2: Architectural Styles
Brutalist Architecture: Buildings, Architects & Style

1. Brutalist Architecture: Buildings, Architects & Style

There are many modernist styles which have greatly impacted skylines around the world. In this lesson, we'll explore the style of Brutalism, and see examples of Brutalist architecutre in Boston, India, and Serbia.

Postmodern Architecture: Characteristics & Definition

2. Postmodern Architecture: Characteristics & Definition

Postmodernism has been a major international trend in art and academia and has had some lasting impacts on architecture. In this lesson, we'll explore this trend and see what it is all about.

Modern vs. Postmodern Architecture

3. Modern vs. Postmodern Architecture

The differences between modern and postmodern architecture focus on issues of utility, originality, and the struggle between local and cosmopolitan values. In this lesson we will examine both schools of thought and look at examples of each.

What is Sustainable Architecture? - Definition & Examples

4. What is Sustainable Architecture? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson we will discuss what sustainable architecture is and what its core principles are. In addition, the lesson will provide examples to show real world applications of this specific design technique.

Art Deco Architecture & Buildings

5. Art Deco Architecture & Buildings

Have you ever looked up at a building and wondered about its design? Or stood and marveled at shiny surfaces and stylish decorations on a skyscraper? If so, you could have been seeing elements of Art Deco. In this lesson, we're going to explore Art Deco architecture and buildings.

Functionalist Architecture: Definition & Characteristics

6. Functionalist Architecture: Definition & Characteristics

Functionalism is an important part of modernist architecture. In this lesson, we are going to explore the history and use of this style and check out a few great examples.

Traditional Japanese Architecture: History & Design

7. Traditional Japanese Architecture: History & Design

Explore the history of traditional Japanese architecture to discover how specific design elements, presently found around the world, became recognizable as the distinctly Japanese aesthetic.

Arts and Crafts Movement Architecture

8. Arts and Crafts Movement Architecture

The Arts and Crafts movement symbolized a move away from machine-made goods and a return to traditional craftsmanship. It is typically dated between 1880-1910.

Arts and Crafts Movement: Definition & Style

9. Arts and Crafts Movement: Definition & Style

Sometimes change in society causes reactions. Did you know this is true even in art and design? In this lesson, learn about the Arts and Crafts Movement and elements of its style.

Neo-Expressionist Architecture

10. Neo-Expressionist Architecture

Curving, shiny surfaces and towering roof peaks: what do these elements have in common? They're found on unique buildings around the world. In this lesson, explore Neo-Expressionist architecture.

Minimalist Architecture: History & Characteristics

11. Minimalist Architecture: History & Characteristics

Minimalism is a popular art movement and design style since the 1960s. In this lesson, the history and characteristics of minimalism in architecture is explained, briefly.

Islamic Architecture: Origin, History & Styles

12. Islamic Architecture: Origin, History & Styles

Explore the world of Islamic architecture with its unique contribution to the architectural and religious landscape. Understand its origins and history, as well as how it developed into its own style.

Art Deco Architecture: Characteristics, History & Definition

13. Art Deco Architecture: Characteristics, History & Definition

Have you ever visited Rockefeller Center or the Chrysler Building in New York City? Both famous structures are examples of a style called Art Deco. In this lesson, explore the history and characteristics of Art Deco architecture.

Prairie School Architecture: Definition & Architects

14. Prairie School Architecture: Definition & Architects

Several of the most influential architects in American history belonged to a single movement. In this lesson, we'll explore the Prairie School and see what made it so influential.

Prairie School Architecture: Style & Materials

15. Prairie School Architecture: Style & Materials

What does American architecture look like? One answer can be found in the Prairie School. In this lesson, we'll explore this style and see what made it one of the most influential architectural movements in American history.

Bauhaus Architecture: History & Characteristics

16. Bauhaus Architecture: History & Characteristics

The architecture program at the famous Bauhaus school in Germany was relatively short-lived, but it had a huge impact on twentieth-century design. This lesson will describe how Bauhaus architecture developed, as well as the distinctive features of its style.

French Empire Style Architecture

17. French Empire Style Architecture

The French Empire Style was not a long movement in architecture, but it was significant. In this lesson, we are going to check out this style, along with some examples, and see what inspired it.

Hypostyle: Definition & Architecture

18. Hypostyle: Definition & Architecture

Have you ever walked into a large room filled with columns? Would the space be dark or would those columns let light in? In this lesson, learn about the architecture of hypostyles.

Tudor Architecture: History & Style

19. Tudor Architecture: History & Style

Have you ever seen a 'black and white' house? When it comes to architecture, that phrase refers to more than paint colors. In this lesson, we will explore the history and style of Tudor architecture.

Futurist Architecture: Design & Characteristics

20. Futurist Architecture: Design & Characteristics

Futurist architecture is a style of architecture that encourages modern design and thinking. This lesson discusses the design and characteristics of Futurist architecture: movement, technology, nature and science.

Organic Architecture: Definition & Architects

21. Organic Architecture: Definition & Architects

This lesson takes a closer look at organic architecture to help explain the field and philosophy. Sections in this lesson define the concept, its origins, and key architects involved.

International Style Architecture: Definition & History

22. International Style Architecture: Definition & History

The International style of architecture was very important, but is often misunderstood. Why would someone make a building of undecorated concrete? We'll find out, and see how this fits into architecture history.

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