About This Chapter
Art Forms, Movements & Periods - Chapter Summary
From Ancient Egyptian to Roman Art and from the Renaissance to Romanticism, this chapter will cover various types of art forms and the characteristics of artistic expressions and styles inherent to specific cultures and time periods. You'll review topics relating to specific art forms, such as painting, sculpture and architecture, and discuss how certain periods in time impacted artistic styles.
The lessons you will find in this chapter provide details and examples of artists, art history and movements. After reviewing these lessons, you should be able to do the following:
- Explain the styles and history of Ancient Egyptian and Greek art
- Identify the forms of Byzantine and Roman art
- Discuss the development and characteristics of Baroque painting and sculpture
- Describe aspects of Renaissance Art, trends in Gothic painting and the development of Gothic sculpture and architecture
- Note famous works of Neoclassical Art
- Name authors and artists who depicted realism through their works
- Detail the themes of the Romantic Art period
- Define abstract art and discuss the characteristics of impressionist art
- Compare various artistic styles of the 20th century, such as op art and new realism
Each video contains illustrations, examples and term definitions to help you more easily study these topics and retain what you have learned. Self-assessment quizzes at the end of each lesson allow you to determine the depth of your knowledge and decide whether you need further review of any topic. It's also easy to contact instructors with any questions and to track your progress through the chapter on your Dashboard.
1. Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style
This lesson provides a brief look at the exquisite art of the Ancient Egyptians. Egyptian art contains images of people and deities that represent the culture in which they lived.
2. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
3. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
4. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.
5. Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists
This lesson covers the development of Baroque painting as it spread across Europe. We explore the works of Caravaggio in Italy, Velazquez in Spain, Rubens in Belgium, Lorrain in France and Rembrandt in Holland.
6. Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we explore the development of Baroque sculpture across Europe, from the creations of the Italian genius, Bernini, to France and the sculptural excellence of Puget's glorified King Louis XIV. We'll also stop in Germany, Spain and Belgium.
7. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture
In this lesson, we will be discussing Renaissance art, focusing primarily on paintings, sculptures, and architecture. We will also be learning how humanism affected the art of this time period.
8. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
9. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
10. Neoclassical Art: Characteristics, Materials & Famous Works
Neoclassical art was a major trend that demonstrated how old styles could be re-imagined for modern audiences. Explore this artistic movement, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
11. Comparing Realism in Literature & Art
Explore works of visual art and literature made in the style of 19th century realism. Learn about key painters and authors who aimed at creating realistic depictions of the world through their art.
12. Themes of the Romantic Art Period
In this lesson, you will explore the themes of the Romantic era and discover how these impacted the art of this time. Then, you will test your understanding with a brief quiz.
13. Impressionist Art: Characteristics & Artists
In this lesson, we will explore Impressionism. We will learn about the founding of the Impressionist movement, the major characteristics of Impressionism, and a few of the primary Impressionist artists.
14. What is Abstract Art? - Definition, Techniques, Types & Paintings
In this lesson, we'll explore the definition of abstract art. We'll look at the different types of abstract art, the techniques used to create the works, and a sampling of paintings that have been produced.
15. New Realism, Pop Art, Op Art & Hyperrealism
In this lesson, you will explore a few different artistic styles that have emerged since the mid-20th century and discover what they have in common and what makes them unique. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
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