Ch 21: Art of the Early Twentieth Century

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to learn about art of the early 20th Century. Quizzes following each lesson and an exam at the end of the chapter are available to help assess your comprehension of the materials.

Art of the Early Twentieth Century - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Check out the brief, engaging video lessons to learn about the essential artistic philosophies, artists and works of art of the early 20th Century. Review styles like Art Deco, De Stijl, Mexican muralism, surrealism and more. Each lesson is followed by a short, multiple-choice quiz for self-assessment. Take the chapter exam to ensure you retained what you needed to learn. Subject-matter experts are only a click away to answer any questions that arise as you make your way through the lessons in which you'll learn about things like:

  • The meaning of Picasso's Old Guitarist painting
  • How grief and horror of World War I was reflected in 20th Century art
  • The artistic influence of psychoanalytic theories about the psyche and dreams
  • The influence of African sculpture on 20th Century art
  • The impact of the organic movement on art

Video Objective
Characteristics & Types of Early 20th-Century Art Identify characteristics of popular styles of the early 20th Century such as expressionism, cubism, surrealism, Art Deco and more.
Abstraction & the Principles of Cubism Describe the characteristics and styles derived from cubism using famous examples.
The Old Guitarist by Picasso: Meaning & Analysis Analyze the famous painting by Picasso called the Old Guitarist.
Impact of the 1913 New York Armory Show on American Artists Explain the impact of the 1913 Armory Show in New York on America and art.
Reflections of War in Early 20th Century Art Discuss how art reflected reactions to World War I.
The Impact of Psychoanalysis on Art Identify art and artists that were influenced by early 20th-Century theories about the psyche and dreams.
Impact of Utopian Ideals on Art, Architecture & Crafts Describe Utopian ideals of artistic movements in the early 20th Century.
The Impact of Organic Art on Architecture & Sculpture Explain the impact of organic art on the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright and sculpture by Brancusi, Moore and Calder.
Relationship Between Politics & Art in the Early 20th Century Use famous works of art to explain the relationship between politics and art in the early 20th Century.
Art of Wassily Kandinsky: Periods, Influences & Architecture Compare and contrast Kandinsky's paintings of the Blue Rider and Bauhaus periods and their influence on architecture.
Members & Works of the Blue Rider Group Identify Blue Rider works and discuss their idealist, spiritual and visionary aspects.
Influence of African Sculpture on Early 20th Century Art Describe the influence of African sculpture on Picasso and other early 20th Century artists.
Collage & Assemblage: Techniques & Famous Works Using famous examples, describe techniques of collage and assemblage.
The Social & Artistic Nature of the Harlem Renaissance Describe the social and artistic characteristics of the Harlem Renaissance.
Comparing Prairie & International Style Architecture Differentiate between Prairie and International styles of architecture.
The Philosophy of Form Following Function: Development & Works Using famous examples, explain the philosophy of 'form follows function'.

16 Lessons in Chapter 21: Art of the Early Twentieth Century
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Characteristics & Types of Early 20th-Century Art

1. Characteristics & Types of Early 20th-Century Art

Explore the styles of abstract Expressionism and the art movements that arose at the beginning of the 20th century. Learn about Picasso, Kandinsky, Mondrian, Malevich, and other modern artists that contributed to changing the face of Western art.

Abstraction & the Principles of Cubism

2. Abstraction & the Principles of Cubism

Explore the works of Pablo Picasso, George Braques, and other Cubist artists. Learn about the philosophy driving Cubist artists and how they paved the way for a new art of the 20th century. Examine the influences and cultural ramifications of Cubism.

The Old Guitarist by Picasso: Meaning & Analysis

3. The Old Guitarist by Picasso: Meaning & Analysis

In this lesson, we will examine the artistic life of Pablo Picasso. We will review the different stages of his art, particularly the Blue Period. From there, we will discuss and analyze his painting 'The Old Guitarist' and its meaning.

Impact of the 1913 New York Armory Show on American Artists

4. Impact of the 1913 New York Armory Show on American Artists

Learn about the impact of the 1913 Armory Show, the first major American exhibition of European Modern art, on American popular culture and art. Explore the works on exhibit and the response from critics.

Reflections of War in Early 20th-Century Art

5. Reflections of War in Early 20th-Century Art

Explore the way in which the culture of early 20th century art reflected and interacted with the political setting of the first World War. Discover how the art movements of Dada, Futurism, and Neue Sachlichkeit reacted to and reflected their cultural moments.

The Impact of Psychoanalysis on Art

6. The Impact of Psychoanalysis on Art

Explore the art and artists associated with the Surrealist movement of the early 20th century: Salvador Dali, Rene Magritte, Man Ray, Joan Miro. Discover how the new mode of psychoanalysis pioneered by Sigmund Freud influenced the world of art.

Impact of Utopian Ideals on Art, Architecture & Crafts

7. Impact of Utopian Ideals on Art, Architecture & Crafts

Discover the utopian visions of early 20th century artists and architects. Explore the works of artists like Kazimir Malevich and El Lissitzky. Learn about the styles of Suprematism, Constructivism, Bauhaus and the International Style.

The Impact of Organic Art on Architecture & Sculpture

8. The Impact of Organic Art on Architecture & Sculpture

Learn about the architects, designers, and sculptors who developed the style of biomorphism in early 20th-century art. Explore the design principles and philosophies of biomorphic abstraction and organic architecture.

Relationship Between Politics & Art in the Early 20th-Century

9. Relationship Between Politics & Art in the Early 20th-Century

Explore the art, culture, and politics of early 20th-century European culture. Learn about how Dada and Futurist artists fused political messages with artistic techniques.

Art of Wassily Kandinsky: Periods, Influences & Architecture

10. Art of Wassily Kandinsky: Periods, Influences & Architecture

Explore the life and works of Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky. Discover the influences that drove the three distinct periods of his artistic style. Learn about his affiliations with the Blue Rider and Bauhaus.

Members & Works of the Blue Rider Group

11. Members & Works of the Blue Rider Group

Explore the works and members of the Munich-based artist collective, The Blue Rider, in this lesson. Learn about their philosophy of spiritualism, idealism, and symbolism.

Influence of African Sculpture on Early 20th-Century Art

12. Influence of African Sculpture on Early 20th-Century Art

Investigate the influence of African sculpture on early 20th-century art. Explore the works of Picasso, Matisse and the School of Paris. Learn about the influence of ethnography and Primitivism on art before the First World War.

Collage & Assemblage: Techniques & Famous Works

13. Collage & Assemblage: Techniques & Famous Works

This lesson explores the techniques of Cubist and Dada artists. You'll learn about the readymades of early 20-century artists and investigate the strategies artists used to raise questions about politics and rationalism.

The Social & Artistic Nature of the Harlem Renaissance

14. The Social & Artistic Nature of the Harlem Renaissance

Learn about the key artistic and intellectual figures of the Harlem Renaissance. Explore the literature and art representative of the cultural Renaissance in 1920s Harlem and the historical context that brought about a rebirth of African-American culture.

Comparing Prairie & International Style Architecture

15. Comparing Prairie & International Style Architecture

Compare and contrast two similar, though conflicting, movements in architecture from the early 20th century. Investigate how advocates of each movement grappled with the problem of designing a better future while taking into account the social and environmental uses of architecture.

The Philosophy of Form Following Function: Development & Works

16. The Philosophy of Form Following Function: Development & Works

Explore the buildings and products designed in accordance with the philosophy of form follows function. Learn about the meaning and development of the philosophy. Discover the designers whose works pioneered the style of functionalism.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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