About This Chapter
Art of the Early Twentieth Century - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Check out the brief, engaging video lessons to learn about the essential artistic philosophies, artists and works of art of the early 20th Century. Review styles like Art Deco, De Stijl, Mexican muralism, surrealism and more. Each lesson is followed by a short, multiple-choice quiz for self-assessment. Take the chapter exam to ensure you retained what you needed to learn. Subject-matter experts are only a click away to answer any questions that arise as you make your way through the lessons in which you'll learn about things like:
- The meaning of Picasso's Old Guitarist painting
- How grief and horror of World War I was reflected in 20th Century art
- The artistic influence of psychoanalytic theories about the psyche and dreams
- The influence of African sculpture on 20th Century art
- The impact of the organic movement on art
|Characteristics & Types of Early 20th-Century Art||Identify characteristics of popular styles of the early 20th Century such as expressionism, cubism, surrealism, Art Deco and more.|
|Abstraction & the Principles of Cubism||Describe the characteristics and styles derived from cubism using famous examples.|
|The Old Guitarist by Picasso: Meaning & Analysis||Analyze the famous painting by Picasso called the Old Guitarist.|
|Impact of the 1913 New York Armory Show on American Artists||Explain the impact of the 1913 Armory Show in New York on America and art.|
|Reflections of War in Early 20th Century Art||Discuss how art reflected reactions to World War I.|
|The Impact of Psychoanalysis on Art||Identify art and artists that were influenced by early 20th-Century theories about the psyche and dreams.|
|Impact of Utopian Ideals on Art, Architecture & Crafts||Describe Utopian ideals of artistic movements in the early 20th Century.|
|The Impact of Organic Art on Architecture & Sculpture||Explain the impact of organic art on the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright and sculpture by Brancusi, Moore and Calder.|
|Relationship Between Politics & Art in the Early 20th Century||Use famous works of art to explain the relationship between politics and art in the early 20th Century.|
|Art of Wassily Kandinsky: Periods, Influences & Architecture||Compare and contrast Kandinsky's paintings of the Blue Rider and Bauhaus periods and their influence on architecture.|
|Members & Works of the Blue Rider Group||Identify Blue Rider works and discuss their idealist, spiritual and visionary aspects.|
|Influence of African Sculpture on Early 20th Century Art||Describe the influence of African sculpture on Picasso and other early 20th Century artists.|
|Collage & Assemblage: Techniques & Famous Works||Using famous examples, describe techniques of collage and assemblage.|
|The Social & Artistic Nature of the Harlem Renaissance||Describe the social and artistic characteristics of the Harlem Renaissance.|
|Comparing Prairie & International Style Architecture||Differentiate between Prairie and International styles of architecture.|
|The Philosophy of Form Following Function: Development & Works||Using famous examples, explain the philosophy of 'form follows function'.|
1. Characteristics & Types of Early 20th-Century Art
Explore the styles of abstract Expressionism and the art movements that arose at the beginning of the 20th century. Learn about Picasso, Kandinsky, Mondrian, Malevich, and other modern artists that contributed to changing the face of Western art.
2. Abstraction & the Principles of Cubism
Explore the works of Pablo Picasso, George Braques, and other Cubist artists. Learn about the philosophy driving Cubist artists and how they paved the way for a new art of the 20th century. Examine the influences and cultural ramifications of Cubism.
3. The Old Guitarist by Picasso: Meaning & Analysis
In this lesson, we will examine the artistic life of Pablo Picasso. We will review the different stages of his art, particularly the Blue Period. From there, we will discuss and analyze his painting 'The Old Guitarist' and its meaning.
4. Impact of the 1913 New York Armory Show on American Artists
Learn about the impact of the 1913 Armory Show, the first major American exhibition of European Modern art, on American popular culture and art. Explore the works on exhibit and the response from critics.
5. Reflections of War in Early 20th-Century Art
Explore the way in which the culture of early 20th century art reflected and interacted with the political setting of the first World War. Discover how the art movements of Dada, Futurism, and Neue Sachlichkeit reacted to and reflected their cultural moments.
6. The Impact of Psychoanalysis on Art
Explore the art and artists associated with the Surrealist movement of the early 20th century: Salvador Dali, Rene Magritte, Man Ray, Joan Miro. Discover how the new mode of psychoanalysis pioneered by Sigmund Freud influenced the world of art.
7. Impact of Utopian Ideals on Art, Architecture & Crafts
Discover the utopian visions of early 20th century artists and architects. Explore the works of artists like Kazimir Malevich and El Lissitzky. Learn about the styles of Suprematism, Constructivism, Bauhaus and the International Style.
8. The Impact of Organic Art on Architecture & Sculpture
Learn about the architects, designers, and sculptors who developed the style of biomorphism in early 20th-century art. Explore the design principles and philosophies of biomorphic abstraction and organic architecture.
9. Relationship Between Politics & Art in the Early 20th-Century
Explore the art, culture, and politics of early 20th-century European culture. Learn about how Dada and Futurist artists fused political messages with artistic techniques.
10. Art of Wassily Kandinsky: Periods, Influences & Architecture
Explore the life and works of Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky. Discover the influences that drove the three distinct periods of his artistic style. Learn about his affiliations with the Blue Rider and Bauhaus.
11. Members & Works of the Blue Rider Group
Explore the works and members of the Munich-based artist collective, The Blue Rider, in this lesson. Learn about their philosophy of spiritualism, idealism, and symbolism.
12. Influence of African Sculpture on Early 20th-Century Art
Investigate the influence of African sculpture on early 20th-century art. Explore the works of Picasso, Matisse and the School of Paris. Learn about the influence of ethnography and Primitivism on art before the First World War.
13. Collage & Assemblage: Techniques & Famous Works
This lesson explores the techniques of Cubist and Dada artists. You'll learn about the readymades of early 20-century artists and investigate the strategies artists used to raise questions about politics and rationalism.
14. The Social & Artistic Nature of the Harlem Renaissance
Learn about the key artistic and intellectual figures of the Harlem Renaissance. Explore the literature and art representative of the cultural Renaissance in 1920s Harlem and the historical context that brought about a rebirth of African-American culture.
15. Comparing Prairie & International Style Architecture
Compare and contrast two similar, though conflicting, movements in architecture from the early 20th century. Investigate how advocates of each movement grappled with the problem of designing a better future while taking into account the social and environmental uses of architecture.
16. The Philosophy of Form Following Function: Development & Works
Explore the buildings and products designed in accordance with the philosophy of form follows function. Learn about the meaning and development of the philosophy. Discover the designers whose works pioneered the style of functionalism.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Art 101: Art of the Western World course
- The Art of Ancient Egypt
- The Art of the Ancient Near East
- The Art of Ancient Greece
- The Art of Ancient Rome
- Early Christian Art
- Byzantine Art
- The Art of Early Medieval Europe
- Romanesque Art
- Gothic Art
- Fifteenth-Century Italian Art
- Fifteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Sixteenth-Century Italian Art
- Sixteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Baroque Art
- Rococo Art
- Neoclassical Art
- Romanticism in Art
- Realism in Art
- Impressionist Art
- Post-Impressionist Art
- Postwar to Postmodern Art
- Contemporary Art