About This Chapter
Assessment in Early Childhood Special Education - Chapter Summary
Feel prepared to develop and implement assessments you can use in your early childhood special education classroom by utilizing the resources in this chapter. Lessons provide access to tools and methods that ensure you know how to assess your students' progress through observation, testing, family involvement and more. Review this chapter to learn about the following:
- Procedures for early childhood and preschool assessment
- Informal, formal and other types of assessment
- Tools and methods for student assessment in the classroom
- How to assess student learning by using direct observation
- Education and psychological testing standards
- Ways to assess student learning outcomes
- How assessments can be used and misused in the classroom
- Use of ecological assessments in special education
- Ways to assess emotional and social needs in children
- How to involve family in child assessments and report progress to students and parents
- Basics of using data to inform instruction
This chapter enables you to locate a variety of assessment resources and strategies in one location. Access the lessons in your classroom or review them anywhere you can secure an Internet connection.
How It Helps
- Strengthens student evaluation: Chapter resources provide awareness of the importance of and strategies for assessment in the classroom, enabling you to better gauge student abilities and progress.
- Examines the challenges of assessment: This chapter takes a close look at challenges that can arise in the assessment process, giving you the insight you need to sidestep common problems.
- Improves student learning outcomes: As you're able to examine how students respond to your instructional methods by assessing their progress, you can make adjustments that improve their learning outcomes.
After reviewing the lessons, you will have the knowledge to:
- Assess students in early childhood and preschool
- Compare and contrast different forms of assessment
- Utilize different tools and methods for student assessment in the classroom
- Use direct observation to assess student learning
- Describe the standards for educational and psychological testing
- Discuss assessments for student learning outcomes
- Explain how assessments in the classroom are often used and misused
- Provide the meaning of the ecological assessment, and describe its use in special education
- Assess the social and emotional needs of children
- Get family members and professionals involved in child assessments
- Report learning progress to parents and students
- Analyze instructional methods and student progress through data use
1. Early Childhood & Preschool Assessment Procedures
Why should very young children be assessed? This lesson will cover the differences between assessing preschoolers vs. elementary-aged children, and different types of assessments that can be used.
2. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
3. Student Assessment in the Classroom: Tools & Methods
Assessment is one of the most important things you will do in your classroom, as it drives your instruction and helps you meet each student's needs. This lesson will introduce you to some tools and methods for assessment.
4. Using Direct Observation to Assess Student Learning
Teachers use all sorts of methods to determine what students learn. One method is direct observation. This lesson defines the term and explains how it is used in the classroom. Read on for details.
5. The Standards for Education & Psychological Testing
Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing tells readers everything they need to know about testing accurately and ethically, from classroom to counseling office to career.
6. Student Learning Outcomes: Examples & Assessments
This lesson will cover the differences in writing student learning outcomes (SLO) versus traditional learning objectives. Included in this will be a breakdown of how to construct student learning objectives, as well as appropriate assessments for various types of SLOs.
7. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
8. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
9. Assessing Social & Emotional Needs in Children
In this lesson, we'll learn about assessing social and emotional needs in children. We'll develop questions that can be used to assess whether children are lacking social and emotional support.
10. Involving Family & Other Professionals in Child Assessments
In this lesson, we will look at the kinds of professionals who might be involved in child assessments and how to encourage the family to participate in the ongoing assessment of their children.
11. How to Report Learning Progress to Students & Parents
This lesson describes how to communicate learning progress. It specifically focuses on the tools of summative documentation, formative communication, and standardized documentation.
12. Using Data to Inform Instruction
This lesson highlights how data is used to improve student achievement through instruction, assessment, analysis, and re-teaching. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.
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Other chapters within the Fundamentals of Early Childhood Special Education course
- Basics of Early Childhood Special Education
- Developing Individual Intervention Plans for Young Children
- Planning Instruction for Early Childhood Special Education
- Early Childhood Special Education Learning Environments
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Teaching Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Teaching Young Children with Language Delays & Disorders
- Teaching Young Children with Sensory Disorders
- Supporting Literacy for Young Children with Special Needs
- The Early Childhood Special Education Professional
- Physical Development & Activities in Early Childhood
- Understanding Childhood Development & Care