About This Chapter
Assessment in Early Childhood - Chapter Summary
This chapter covers the essential information you'll need to know about assessment in early childhood, including implementation, use and follow-up of assessments. By the end of the chapter, you'll have covered the following topics:
- Types of assessments
- Important qualities of good assessments
- Assessment validity
- Product and process in performance assessments
- Advantages and disadvantages of standardized testing
- Use and misuse of assessments
- Involvement of family and other professionals in assessments
Our instructors use an engaging and easy-to-follow teaching style to explain concepts in a way that will be easy to remember. They include plenty of real-world examples to make lesson topics applicable to classroom instruction. After completing the lessons, assess what you've learned and what you still need to work on with practice quizzes and the chapter exam.
1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
2. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
3. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
4. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
5. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
6. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
7. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
8. Involving Family & Other Professionals in Child Assessments
In this lesson, we will look at the kinds of professionals who might be involved in child assessments and how to encourage the family to participate in the ongoing assessment of their children.
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Other chapters within the NES Early Childhood Education (101): Practice & Study Guide course
- Early Childhood Development
- Developmental Learning Theories
- Basic Professional Skills for Educators
- Health & Safety Issues in Early Childhood
- Promoting Learning & Development
- Positive Learning Environments for Young Children
- Oral Language Development in Children
- Teaching Reading Mechanics
- Strategies for Teaching Reading Fluency & Comprehension
- Writing Instruction for Early Childhood Education
- Educating Children Using the Arts
- Health & Physical Education for Children
- Math Foundations for Instruction
- Number Sense for Children
- Teaching Social Studies Concepts & Skills
- Teaching Basic Science Concepts & Skills
- Working with Parents & Colleagues in Early Childhood Education
- Professional Responsibilities & Special Education for Educators
- NES Early Childhood Education Flashcards