About This Chapter
Assessment Instruments & Methods in Special Education - Chapter Summary
Our expert instructors created this chapter to clearly outline the assessment instruments and methods that are used in special education, including different kinds of assessments and types of formative assessments. These user-friendly video and text lessons cover topics such as summative and alternative assessments, student self-assessment and functional behavior assessments. You'll also study the process of collecting and measuring social behavior data in the classroom. Once you've reviewed this chapter, you should be able to:
- Define behavior rating scales and their development
- Discuss informal and formal assessments for learning disabilities
- Outline special education and ecological assessments
- Explain task analysis and functional routines for students who have autism
- Provide examples of achievement tests
- Describe types of intelligence tests
- Identify the problems associated with high-stakes testing
- Emphasize the qualities of good assessments
Studying for a test or finishing your homework is easy when you have the help from our easy-to-follow, user-friendly learning tools. Review the entire video lesson or use the video tabs feature in the Timeline to skip to a specific section in any video. We've included a short quiz after each lesson and a test at the end of the chapter to keep you on track and help you identify any topics you need to study further.
1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
2. Types of Formative Assessment
Formative assessments are an incredibly important part of the teaching process. This lesson will detail several types of formative assessments that you can use to monitor student learning in your classroom.
3. Summative Assessments: Examples & Types
Think of state exams, midterms, finals, graded papers, and standardized tests such as the SAT. They all have one thing in common - they are summative assessments! Find out more in this lesson.
4. Student Self-Assessment & Peer Assessment
Student self-assessment and peer assessment are useful tools to help students learn important reflection and critical thinking skills. This lesson will review how self-assessment and peer assessment can be used in your classroom.
5. Alternative Assessment: Definition & Examples
Are you looking for a better understanding of what alternative assessment is and how to implement it? This lesson defines the term and provides tangible examples of how to use this powerful methodology in the classroom.
6. Functional Behavior Assessment: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of a functional behavior assessment (FBA) and how it functions as a tool to help children replace problem behaviors with more desirable behaviors. You will learn the purpose of an FBA, as well as the components of or steps in conducting an FBA.
7. How to Measure & Collect Social Behavior Data in the Classroom
In this lesson, we will look at how to collect and measure data of social behaviors in the classroom. We will also identify how to recognize behaviors that should be measured and other factors that warrant attention.
8. Behavior Rating Scales: Definition, Development & Example
In this lesson, you will learn about behavior rating scales, including how to develop them, incorporating target behaviors and anchor points. An example will demonstrate the steps involved in creating a behavior rating scale.
9. Formal & Informal Assessments for Learning Disabilities
Teachers should use both formal and informal assessments to determine interventions for learning disabilities. This lesson will discuss both informal and formal methods of determining academic skill development and identifying students with special needs.
10. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
11. Functional Routines & Task Analysis for Students with Autism
For students with autism, the routines and activities of daily living can be challenging. In this lesson, you will learn about functional routines and task analysis, which can be used to teach students to master these situations.
12. Achievement Test: Definition & Examples
Achievement tests cover a broad range of formal and informal assessments that are given at various points in learning. This lesson looks at various types of achievement tests and their purposes.
13. Intelligence Testing and Types
Most people have heard of IQ. But how is it measured and what does it mean? In this lesson, we'll look at the history of intelligence testing, major types of intelligence tests, and the debate and controversy over intelligence.
14. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems
Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.
15. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Learning Disabilities (063): Practice & Study Guide course
- Learning Disabilities & Other Types of Disabilities
- Learning Disabilities Across the Lifespan
- Factors Affecting Development & Learning
- Language Disorders
- Perceptual, Memory & Reasoning Disorders
- Behavioral, Social & Emotional Disorders
- Assessment Procedures in Special Education
- Assessment Interpretation & Communication in Special Education
- IEPs, IFSPs & Transition Plans
- Setting & Monitoring Student Goals
- Learning Environments in Special Education
- Fundamentals of Classroom Management
- Individualizing Instruction for Learning Disabilities
- Promoting Language Development
- Promoting Emergent Literacy
- Promoting Reading Skills for Students with Learning Disabilities
- Promoting Written Expression for Students with Learning Disabilities
- Promoting Math Skills for Students with Learning Disabilities
- Promoting Social Competence in Special Education
- Promoting Functional Living Skills in Special Education
- Developing & Implementing Behavioral Interventions
- Roles & Responsibilities of the Special Education Professional
- Communication & Collaboration in Special Education
- Historical, Social & Legal Issues in Special Education
- Professional Development in Special Education
- MTTC Learning Disabilities Flashcards