About This Chapter
ILTS School Counselor: Assessments and Evaluations - Chapter Summary
Refresh your knowledge of standardized tests, statistical concepts, validity and reliability, cultural bias and more. Watch these video lessons as you review for the ILTS content-area exam for aspiring school counselors. In the Assessments and Evaluations chapter, video lessons go over:
- Basic concepts of standardized and non-standardized testing and other assessment techniques
- Forms of assessment: informal, formal, paper-pencil, and performance assessments
- High-stakes testing: accountability and problems
- Historical, sociological, and educational purpose and meaning of assessment
- Implications of diverse characteristics (e.g., age, culture, disability, ethnicity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic background) on assessment and evaluation
- Norm- vs. criterion-referenced scoring: advantages and disadvantages
- Performance assessments: product vs. process
- Qualities of good assessments: standardization, practicality, reliability, and validity
- Standardized assessments and formative vs. summative evaluations
- Standardized tests in education: advantages and disadvantages
- Statistical reliability and validity
- Strategies for analyzing testing information
- Summarizing assessment results: understanding basic statistics of score distribution
- Testing bias, cultural bias, and language differences in assessments
- The reliability coefficient and the reliability of assessments
- Use and misuse of assessments in the classroom
- Using mean, median, and mode for assessment
- Validity in assessments
The lessons in the Assessment and Evaluation chapter help you understand the vocabulary terms and important concepts you'll need for the ILTS school counseling content-area exam. Reviewing with our videos can help make the lesson easy to understand using clear, everyday language and examples you can relate to.
ILTS School Counselor: Objectives
The Illinois Licensure Testing Systems (ILTS) content-area exams, including the school counselor exam, determine your readiness for teacher licensing.
You'll receive a test score of 100-300, with a score of at least 240 required for you to apply for licensing. The school counselor content-area test consists of 125 multiple-choice questions. These video lessons each include a self-assessment quiz to help you gain experience with questions similar to those found on the actual exam.
1. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
2. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
3. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
4. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
5. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
6. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
7. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
8. The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments
How are test scores affected by day-to-day changes of a student? Do different people rate students' performances the same? These questions are addressed through the understanding of reliability. This lesson will define reliability, explain how reliability is measured, and explore methods to enhance reliability of assessments in the classroom.
9. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution
Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.
10. Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment
How does a teacher decide what is a good exam score and what is a bad one? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, but instead of different types of assessment (such as essay versus true/false questions), we'll discuss statistical methods for summarizing scores on any form of testing. Specifically, this lesson covers the statistical tools known as the mean, median and mode.
11. Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages
Assessment results allow educators to make important decisions about students' knowledge, abilities and future educational potential. There are multiple ways to summarize and interpret assessment results. This lesson will discuss ways to summarize norm-referenced assessments and criterion-referenced assessments.
12. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems
Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.
13. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
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Other chapters within the ILTS School Counselor (181): Test Practice and Study Guide course
- Classroom Strategies for Educators and Administrators
- Understanding Students' Cognitive and Social Development
- The Learning Process and the Academic Environment
- Theories of Learning and Student Behavior
- Challenges Students Face: Cognitive and Emotional
- Career Theories for School Counselors
- Development of Academic, Personal, Social and Career Competencies
- Instructional Planning and Methodologies
- Group Work in School Testing
- Methods of Research and Program Evaluation
- ILTS School Counselor Flashcards