About This Chapter
Assessments & Feedback in Education - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter aim to boost your understanding of assessments and feedback in education. Review what can happen when assessments are misused and the benefits of using them properly. The chapter will also address performance-based assessments, and how to summarize assessment results. Additional material covered in these lessons includes:
- The significance of utilizing assessments in education
- Differences between construct, content and predictive validity
- Various assessment forms, including formal and informal
- Multiple intelligences theory
- Ecological assessments and special education
- Advantages and disadvantages of standardized tests
Lessons are short text and videos, each with an accompanying quiz for self-assessment. Videos average 5-10 minutes in length and are hosted by our professional instructors. You can submit questions directly to the instructors. Follow your progress on your dashboard.
1. The Importance of Assessment in Education
Assessment is a critical piece of the learning process. This lesson gives an overview of assessment, why it benefits both teachers and students, and the three most common forms of assessment.
2. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
3. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
4. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
5. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
6. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
7. Multiple Intelligences: Assessment Tips & Theory
Intelligence is often thought to be synonymous with being smart or a high achiever, but modern education models look at intelligence in a new, different way. This lesson covers multiple intelligences theory and offers some relevant assessment tips.
8. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
9. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
10. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
11. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution
Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.
12. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population
Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.
13. Sharing Assessment Data with Students & Stakeholders
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the misunderstandings stakeholders have about testing and score reports to identify ways that teachers can prepare to communicate outcomes of student assessments with students, parents, and colleagues.
14. Giving Written Feedback to Students: Examples & Overview
This lesson will illustrate the importance of providing students written feedback and explain how to do this in the way that most impacts student achievement.
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