About This Chapter
Assessments in Curriculum - Chapter Summary
Fun and engaging video lessons provide a unique look at the types of assessments educators use to analyze a student's skills and performance and develop curriculum in alignment with student needs. This chapter can teach you the following:
- How instructional objectives are used when assessing student achievement
- Bloom's taxonomy and assessment, as well as the qualities of good assessments
- The definitions of ongoing and culminating assessments
- Strategies to use when conducting informal observations
- Strengths and limitations of the student portfolio assessment
- Peer assessment vs. student self-assessment
Review the lessons in any sequence that helps you best absorb the information in the lessons. Reinforce what you've learned by taking self-assessment quizzes and a chapter exam.
How It Helps
- Delivers theories and strategies: In this chapter, you can learn the theories behind assessment use, the types of assessments available and strategies that can help you best incorporate them in your curriculum.
- Helps choose the right assessments: Since all assessments don't work in all classroom scenarios, the lessons provide you with pros and cons of various types to help you decide when to use which assessments with your students.
- Teaches best practices: Use the lessons to not only choose the right assessments for your classroom, but also determine how best to administer them so you learn the most about student performance and improve your curriculum.
Once you've reviewed this chapter, you will be ready to:
- Explain why and how to state instructional objectives for assessment purposes
- Discuss the importance of gauging students' pre-existing knowledge and skills
- Identify and describe the qualities of good assessments
- Share types of ongoing assessment and ways to design it along with your curriculum
- Describe how to use the culminating assessment to have students apply the knowledge, skills and habits they've acquired throughout a unit
- List strategies often used to conduct, record and use informal observation in assessment
- Define and discuss best practices for implementing the portfolio assessment
- Detail the benefits of peer assessment and self-assessment, as well as how they should be designed
1. The Role of Instructional Objectives in Student Assessments
In this lesson, we'll define the term 'instructional objectives' and discuss their role in the assessment process. In addition, we'll differentiate between formative and summative assessments.
2. Bloom's Taxonomy and Assessments
Bloom's Taxonomy is a popular and extremely helpful tool that is used by most teachers. In this lesson, we'll discuss the original and revised Bloom's Taxonomy as well as how to use it in the classroom to assess learning and cognitive ability.
3. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
4. Achievement Test: Definition & Examples
Achievement tests cover a broad range of formal and informal assessments that are given at various points in learning. This lesson looks at various types of achievement tests and their purposes.
5. What is Ongoing Assessment? - Definition & Examples
Assessment is an essential component to any instructional practice. Teachers need to use ongoing assessment to check learner progress. How does this work, and how do teachers design ongoing assessments? Read on for details.
6. What is Culminating Assessment? - Definition & Examples
Assessing students lets teachers know what concepts are understood. Using culminating assessments are a specific form of assessing. This lesson will explain how they're different and show examples to make things clear.
7. Strategies for Using Informal Observations in Assessment
Informal observational assessments require watching, listening, and documenting student performance-based tasks. Strategies for this type of assessment range from intentional activities to incidental chance observations.
8. What is a Student Portfolio? - Ideas & Examples
In this lesson, you'll discover the value of student portfolios for assessing student learning. Identify innovative ideas and best practice examples of student portfolios for elementary, middle, and high school students.
9. Student Portfolio Assessment: Strengths & Limitations
Educators strive to use various types of authentic assessments with their students. One type of assessment is the portfolio, and this lesson describes what a portfolio is, what goes in it, and how to manage and evaluate them in a classroom.
10. Student Self-Assessment & Peer Assessment
Student self-assessment and peer assessment are useful tools to help students learn important reflection and critical thinking skills. This lesson will review how self-assessment and peer assessment can be used in your classroom.
11. Informal Assessment Activities
While quizzes and exams have their advantages, there are other ways to assess your students. This lesson provides teachers with informal assessments designed to engage students in a relaxed and positive manner.
12. Performance Assessment Activities
Performance assessment is a great way to understand what your students know and understand on an authentic level. This lesson offers some activities for doing performance assessments.
13. How to Write a Formative Assessment
Teachers learn how to support their students through regularly administered formative assessments. In this lesson, we will learn how to write and use formative assessments to inform instruction.
14. Post-Assessment Activities
Regardless of the specific content you are teaching, it is important to have some strategies that help you assess students' learning. These activities are designed to be used in assessments at the end of a unit.
15. Formative Assessment Ideas for Science
Formative assessments are a type of assessment that teachers use to gauge their students understanding. These assessments often help to inform instruction. In this lesson, we'll explore formative assessment ideas for science.
16. Using Graphic Organizers as Assessment Tools
Alternative assessments are a great way to monitor student progress. In this lesson, we will explore the use of graphic organizers as assessment tools. Tangible examples and ideas for implementation are provided.
17. Organizing Formative Assessment Data
In this lesson, we will discuss how organizing formative assessment data differs from averaging grades, so that it can be most effectively used and efficiently accessed for the purpose of improving instruction.
18. Summative Assessment Ideas
Summative assessments are ways to assess comprehension of a topic at the end of unit, project or course. This lesson discusses common summative assessment options and provides unique ideas as well.
19. Curriculum-Based Assessment: Advantages & Disadvantages
Curriculum based assessment or measurement, also known as CBM is an assessment method that includes timed tests and questions to assess students based on the academic curriculum they have been taught in class. In this lesson we will learn some of the advantages and disadvantages of CBM.
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