About This Chapter
Assessments in Early Childhood Education - Chapter Summary
This chapter is designed to teach you about various assessment methods you can apply to diverse students in early childhood settings. You will learn how to follow different assessment procedures and analyze assessments for student progress, performance and educational standards.
Find out more about different forms of assessments, including informal, formal and performance-based, how Bloom's taxonomy is used in assessment, and using assessments in learner-centered classrooms. After you have completed your review of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Explain the importance of assessments in education
- List the qualities of effective assessments
- Discuss the uses and misuses of assessments
- Compare assessment procedures used for preschoolers and early childhood students
- Provide details about performance, standardized, formative and summative assessments
- Name the advantages and disadvantages of standardized tests
- Describe how to assess gifted and talented students
- Communicate assessment data with parents, colleagues and other professionals
Lessons are conveniently accessible 24/7 from any device and take only 5-10 minutes to review. Lesson transcripts are printable. and instructors can easily be contacted via an online form with any questions about lesson topics. Brief self-assessment quizzes measure your knowledge and help you determine whether you need any further study of this material.
1. The Importance of Assessment in Education
Assessment is a critical piece of the learning process. This lesson gives an overview of assessment, why it benefits both teachers and students, and the three most common forms of assessment.
2. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
3. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
4. Early Childhood & Preschool Assessment Procedures
Why should very young children be assessed? This lesson will cover the differences between assessing preschoolers vs. elementary-aged children, and different types of assessments that can be used.
5. Bloom's Taxonomy and Assessments
Bloom's Taxonomy is a popular and extremely helpful tool that is used by most teachers. In this lesson, we'll discuss the original and revised Bloom's Taxonomy as well as how to use it in the classroom to assess learning and cognitive ability.
6. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
7. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
8. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
9. Assessment in the Learner-Centered Classroom
Assessment can be a tricky piece of teaching. What does it look like in a learner-centered classroom? This lesson shows the processes and purposes of assessments in learner-centered classrooms and gives examples of each.
10. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
11. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
12. Assessing Gifted & Talented Students
This lesson defines what it means for a student to be gifted and talented. It also discusses the assessments used to determine if a student meets state-mandated requirements for entering a gifted and talented program.
13. Sharing Assessment Data with Students & Stakeholders
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the misunderstandings stakeholders have about testing and score reports to identify ways that teachers can prepare to communicate outcomes of student assessments with students, parents, and colleagues.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (5023): Practice & Study Guide course
- Fundamentals of Early Childhood Development
- Educational Theorists
- Influences on Child Development & Learning
- Early Childhood Special Needs Education
- Principles of Gifted Education
- Developing Individual Intervention Plans for Young Children
- Early Childhood Special Education Learning Environments
- Early Education Classroom Management
- Curriculum Development Basics
- Instructional Strategies & Activities
- Early Childhood Educational Technology
- Diversity & Character Education in Early Childhood Learning
- Family Collaboration & Advocacy in Early Childhood Education
- Professional Development in Early Childhood Education
- Praxis Interdisciplinary ECE Flashcards