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Topics from your homework you'll be able to complete:
- Formal, informal, paper-pencil and performance assessments
- Formative and summative evaluations in standardized testing
- Quality and validity in assessments
- The reliability coefficient and reliable assessments
- Summarizing assessment results
- Bell curves and standard deviation in assessments
- Norm- and criterion-referenced scoring
- Mean, median and mode in assessments
- High-stakes testing
- Testing bias
- Use and misuse of classroom assessments
- Ecological and special education assessments
1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
2. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
3. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
4. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
5. The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments
How are test scores affected by day-to-day changes of a student? Do different people rate students' performances the same? These questions are addressed through the understanding of reliability. This lesson will define reliability, explain how reliability is measured, and explore methods to enhance reliability of assessments in the classroom.
6. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
7. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution
Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.
8. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population
Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.
9. Using Standard Deviation and Bell Curves for Assessment
When a teacher gives an exam in class, how does she decide if the test scores were good or bad? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, specifically how to analyze the variability of scores within a given group of students. We'll discuss both standard deviation and bell curves.
10. Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages
Assessment results allow educators to make important decisions about students' knowledge, abilities and future educational potential. There are multiple ways to summarize and interpret assessment results. This lesson will discuss ways to summarize norm-referenced assessments and criterion-referenced assessments.
11. Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment
How does a teacher decide what is a good exam score and what is a bad one? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, but instead of different types of assessment (such as essay versus true/false questions), we'll discuss statistical methods for summarizing scores on any form of testing. Specifically, this lesson covers the statistical tools known as the mean, median and mode.
12. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
13. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems
Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.
14. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
15. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
16. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
17. Internal Consistency Reliability: Example & Definition
Internal consistency reliability is a measure of how well the items on a test measure the same construct or idea. Learn more about internal consistency reliability from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
18. Reliability Coefficient: Formula & Definition
The reliability coefficient is a user-friendly way to show the consistency of a measure. In this lesson, we will become familiar with four methods for calculating the reliability coefficient.
19. What is the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990? - History & Accessibility Guidelines
What is the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990? Learn about the ADA's history, the individuals it protects, the accessibility guidelines, as well as how the disability movement ensured the passing of this important legislation.
20. Cultural Bias in Testing: Examples & Definition
Cultural bias in testing occurs when the test scores of people from one group are significantly different due to cultural differences. Learn more about cultural bias in testing from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
21. Multiple Intelligences: Assessment Tips & Theory
Intelligence is often thought to be synonymous with being smart or a high achiever, but modern education models look at intelligence in a new, different way. This lesson covers multiple intelligences theory and offers some relevant assessment tips.
22. Preparing Students for Standardized Tests
Standardized testing has become a common practice in every classroom. This lesson will provide several tips and strategies to help you prepare your students to take these often stressful tests.
23. Student Assessment Form: Examples & Types
Assessments are a huge part of the field of education. Teachers must assess students on a daily basis. This lesson outlines the two different categories for assessment and gives examples of each.
24. The Bell Curve: Theory & Themes
A brief introduction to the concept of the bell curve, what makes a true bell curve, and how it can be used to compare data. An example is used demonstrating the bell curve's unique characteristics.
25. The Effects of Standardized Testing on Students
Standardized testing is everywhere in education these days. It's important for teachers to understand how these tests work and particularly the effects of standardized tests on the students taking them!
26. The History of Standardized Testing
In this lesson, you'll explore the beginnings of standardized testing nearly 2,000 years ago and trace its development up to the modern day. A short quiz follows.
27. The Importance of Assessment in Education
Assessment is a critical piece of the learning process. This lesson gives an overview of assessment, why it benefits both teachers and students, and the three most common forms of assessment.
28. The Importance of Standardized Testing
Although controversial in its application, standardized testing is an important tool for teachers, administrators, and education officials. This lesson will discuss several reasons why standardized testing is important.
29. The Myths of Standardized Testing
In this lesson, we delve into myths surrounding standardized testing. We discuss the merits of standardization, what we can and cannot learn about a student from these tests, and why the author has an irrational fear of dinosaurs. A short quiz follows.
30. The Negative Effects of Standardized Testing
Standardized testing in schools has become common practice, but like most things, there good and bad associated with them. This lesson will explore some negative effects of standardized testing in schools.
31. The Standardized Testing Debate
A contentious debate has arisen around the increased use of standardized tests to gauge student achievement and teacher effectiveness. This lesson will give a brief overview of both sides of this debate.
32. What Is the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) Tool?
In this lesson, we will discuss the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) Tool. We will look at what the tool is, and how it is used in the classroom.
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Other chapters within the Educational Psychology: Homework Help Resource course
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