Ch 4: Assessments of Learning in Educational Psychology Lesson Plans

About This Chapter

The Assessments of Learning in Educational Psychology chapter of this course is designed to help you plan and teach the essentials of assessments used to measure learning in your classroom. The video lessons, quizzes and transcripts can easily be adapted to provide your lesson plans with engaging and dynamic educational content. Make planning your course easier by using our syllabus as a guide.

Weekly Syllabus

Below is a sample breakdown of the Assessments of Learning in Educational Psychology chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.

Day Topics Key Terms and Concepts Covered
Monday Forms and types of assessments; qualities of good assessments Informal, formal, performance assessment, paper-pencil, formative, summative; standardization, reliability, practicality and validity
Tuesday Reliability, validity and performance assessments Reliability coefficient and assessment reliability; content, construct and predictive validity; and product vs. process
Wednesday Using statistics to summarize and analyze variability Raw score, standard deviation, normal distribution, z-scores, standard score, cumulative percentages, stanine, percentile rank and bell curve
Thursday Norm vs. criterion-referenced scoring, statistics of summary, standardized testing pros/cons and high-stakes testing Mean, median, mode and accountability
Friday Testing biases, classroom uses/misuses of assessments and testing in special education Cultural bias, language differences in assessment and ecological assessments

16 Lessons in Chapter 4: Assessments of Learning in Educational Psychology Lesson Plans
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments

1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments

Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.

Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations

2. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations

If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.

Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity

3. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity

Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.

Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity

4. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity

Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.

The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments

5. The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments

How are test scores affected by day-to-day changes of a student? Do different people rate students' performances the same? These questions are addressed through the understanding of reliability. This lesson will define reliability, explain how reliability is measured, and explore methods to enhance reliability of assessments in the classroom.

Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process

6. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process

Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.

Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution

7. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution

Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.

Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population

8. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population

Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.

Using Standard Deviation and Bell Curves for Assessment

9. Using Standard Deviation and Bell Curves for Assessment

When a teacher gives an exam in class, how does she decide if the test scores were good or bad? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, specifically how to analyze the variability of scores within a given group of students. We'll discuss both standard deviation and bell curves.

Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages

10. Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages

Assessment results allow educators to make important decisions about students' knowledge, abilities and future educational potential. There are multiple ways to summarize and interpret assessment results. This lesson will discuss ways to summarize norm-referenced assessments and criterion-referenced assessments.

Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment

11. Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment

How does a teacher decide what is a good exam score and what is a bad one? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, but instead of different types of assessment (such as essay versus true/false questions), we'll discuss statistical methods for summarizing scores on any form of testing. Specifically, this lesson covers the statistical tools known as the mean, median and mode.

Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages

12. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages

Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.

High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems

13. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems

Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.

Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments

14. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments

Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.

Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom

15. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom

Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.

Special Education and Ecological Assessments

16. Special Education and Ecological Assessments

An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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