Ch 4: Assessments of Learning: Tutoring Solution

About This Chapter

The Assessments of Learning chapter of this Educational Psychology Tutoring Solution is a flexible and affordable path to learning about assessments of learning. These simple and fun video lessons are each about five minutes long and they teach all of the essential learning assessment concepts required in a typical educational psychology course.

How it works:

  • Begin your assignment or other educational psychology work.
  • Identify the learning assessment concepts that you're stuck on.
  • Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
  • Press play, watch and learn!
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.

Who's it for?

This chapter of our educational psychology tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn assessments of learning and earn better grades. This resource can help students including those who:

  • Struggle with understanding forms of assessment, validity in assessments, performance assessments or any other assessments of learning topic
  • Have limited time for studying
  • Want a cost effective way to supplement their psychology learning
  • Prefer learning psychology visually
  • Find themselves failing or close to failing their assessments of learning unit
  • Cope with ADD or ADHD
  • Want to get ahead in educational psychology
  • Don't have access to their psychology teacher outside of class

Why it works:

  • Engaging Tutors: We make learning about assessments of learning simple and fun.
  • Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
  • Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live psychology tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
  • Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Learn about assessments of learning on the go!
  • Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.

Learning Objectives

  • List various forms of assessment.
  • Differentiate between formative and summative evaluations.
  • Understand the qualities that make a good assessment.
  • Learn how to determine the validity and reliability of an assessment.
  • Compare and contrast product and performance assessments.
  • Understand the statistics involved in summarizing assessment results.
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of norm- and criterion-referenced scoring.
  • Describe the pros and cons of using standardized tests in education.
  • Explain the problems associated with high-stakes testing.
  • Become familiar with different types of testing biases.
  • Learn how assessments in the classroom can be misused.
  • Describe the use of ecological assessments in special education.

35 Lessons in Chapter 4: Assessments of Learning: Tutoring Solution
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments

1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments

Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.

Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations

2. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations

If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.

Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity

3. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity

Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.

Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity

4. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity

Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.

The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments

5. The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments

How are test scores affected by day-to-day changes of a student? Do different people rate students' performances the same? These questions are addressed through the understanding of reliability. This lesson will define reliability, explain how reliability is measured, and explore methods to enhance reliability of assessments in the classroom.

Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process

6. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process

Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.

Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution

7. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution

Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.

Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population

8. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population

Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.

Using Standard Deviation and Bell Curves for Assessment

9. Using Standard Deviation and Bell Curves for Assessment

When a teacher gives an exam in class, how does she decide if the test scores were good or bad? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, specifically how to analyze the variability of scores within a given group of students. We'll discuss both standard deviation and bell curves.

Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages

10. Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages

Assessment results allow educators to make important decisions about students' knowledge, abilities and future educational potential. There are multiple ways to summarize and interpret assessment results. This lesson will discuss ways to summarize norm-referenced assessments and criterion-referenced assessments.

Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment

11. Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment

How does a teacher decide what is a good exam score and what is a bad one? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, but instead of different types of assessment (such as essay versus true/false questions), we'll discuss statistical methods for summarizing scores on any form of testing. Specifically, this lesson covers the statistical tools known as the mean, median and mode.

Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages

12. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages

Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.

High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems

13. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems

Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.

Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments

14. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments

Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.

Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom

15. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom

Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.

Special Education and Ecological Assessments

16. Special Education and Ecological Assessments

An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.

Analytical Intelligence: Definition & Explanation

17. Analytical Intelligence: Definition & Explanation

Analytical intelligence, also called componential intelligence, includes your ability to successfully complete academic tasks, solve analogies, and process information. Learn more about Robert Sternberg's theory of analytical intelligence and test your knowledge with a quiz.

Reliability in Psychology: Definition & Concept

18. Reliability in Psychology: Definition & Concept

In this lesson, you will learn how the concept of reliability is applied to psychological assessment measures. Following this lesson, you will have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.

Special Education: Definition, Types & Philosophy

19. Special Education: Definition, Types & Philosophy

Learn what special education is and the different types. Find out about the philosophy behind special education. Read the lesson and then take a brief quiz to test your knowledge.

What Are Intellectual Disabilities? - Definition, Characteristics & Types

20. What Are Intellectual Disabilities? - Definition, Characteristics & Types

In this lesson, you will learn to define intellectual disability as well as recognize factors associated with its cause. Following your completion of this lesson, you will have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.

How to Help Students with Test Anxiety

21. How to Help Students with Test Anxiety

Many students have test anxiety, stressing so much over tests and quizzes that they can't be at their best. In this lesson, we will discuss ways to reduce that anxiety and create an effective emotional environment for testing.

Formative Assessments: Examples, Types & Definition

22. Formative Assessments: Examples, Types & Definition

Find out what formative assessments are and the part they play in the learning process. Learn about the types of formative assessments and review the examples. Read the lesson, then take a quiz to test your new knowledge.

Giving Written Feedback to Students: Examples & Overview

23. Giving Written Feedback to Students: Examples & Overview

This lesson will illustrate the importance of providing students written feedback and explain how to do this in the way that most impacts student achievement.

Measurable Goals in an IEP: Examples & Definition

24. Measurable Goals in an IEP: Examples & Definition

Explore the world of the Individual Education Program, including the definition, the writing of measurable goals, and an example of an IEP goal. A definition of the plan and the individuals involved in its creation are discussed. Three areas of focus for drafting goals as well as the way in which goals are determined are areas of focus.

The Standards for Education & Psychological Testing

25. The Standards for Education & Psychological Testing

Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing tells readers everything they need to know about testing accurately and ethically, from classroom to counseling office to career.

Types of Formative Assessment

26. Types of Formative Assessment

Formative assessments are an incredibly important part of the teaching process. This lesson will detail several types of formative assessments that you can use to monitor student learning in your classroom.

Types of Standardized Tests

27. Types of Standardized Tests

In this lesson we'll cover the three most common types of standardized tests, as well as what can be inferred from these test results. A short quiz follows the lesson.

Understanding Standardized Test Scores

28. Understanding Standardized Test Scores

In this lesson, you'll learn about the basic terms used in standardized test scores, such as scoring curves and the standard deviation, which can help you explain test results to parents and students. You'll also discover how most students perform on standardized tests and have the chance to assess your new knowledge of the topic with a brief quiz.

Understanding the Common Core

29. Understanding the Common Core

The Common Core Standards are a set of standards that are becoming more prominent in education. This lesson will help you understand the Common Core so you can better teach according to the standards.

Using Cloze for Assessment

30. Using Cloze for Assessment

The cloze procedure is a useful tool for reading assessment. This lesson will detail several ways you can use the procedure to assess your students' reading comprehension and grammar skills.

What is Formative Assessment? - Strategies & Examples

31. What is Formative Assessment? - Strategies & Examples

Formative assessment can help teachers plan the most effective instruction. In this lesson, you'll learn what formative assessments are, why they are important, and multiple strategies that you can implement in the classroom.

Psychometrics: Definition & Test Examples

32. Psychometrics: Definition & Test Examples

This lesson defines psychometrics and discusses what is involved in psychometric testing. It also delves into types of psychometric tests, including noting some specific examples of these tests.

Oral Language Skills: Definition & Assessment

33. Oral Language Skills: Definition & Assessment

In this lesson, learn what oral language skills are and the components of oral language. We will also cover how you, as an educator, can assess oral language skills.

Student Learning Outcomes: Examples & Assessments

34. Student Learning Outcomes: Examples & Assessments

This lesson will cover the differences in writing student learning outcomes (SLO) versus traditional learning objectives. Included in this will be a breakdown of how to construct student learning objectives, as well as appropriate assessments for various types of SLOs.

Student Assessment in the Classroom: Tools & Methods

35. Student Assessment in the Classroom: Tools & Methods

Assessment is one of the most important things you will do in your classroom, as it drives your instruction and helps you meet each student's needs. This lesson will introduce you to some tools and methods for assessment.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support