# Ch 15: Atomic and Nuclear Physics - High School: Homeschool Curriculum

### About This Chapter

## Who's it for?

This unit of our High School Physical Science Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the photoelectric effect, nuclear equations, and wave-particle duality. There is no faster or easier way to learn about atomic and nuclear physics. Among those who would benefit are:

- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about Planck's Constant, the Bohr Model, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, and other key concepts in atomic and nuclear physics.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a physical science curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.

## How it works:

- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and an Atomic and Nuclear Physics unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.

## Atomic and Nuclear Physics Unit Objectives:

- Use the photoelectric-effect experiment to explain the photon nature of light.
- State Planck's Constant and describe how to apply the formula.
- Make a diagram that illustrates the Bohr Model.
- Use the Davisson-Germer experiment to explain the wave nature of electrons.
- Describe the field of nuclear physics and what it entails.
- Summarize types of radioactive decay and how they affect the nucleus.
- Balance a nuclear equation, and project the result of a nuclear reaction.
- Calculate the half-life of radioactive material, and demonstrate how to read a decay graph.
- Describe how mass and energy are related, and explain what mass defect and nuclear binding energy are.
- Explain how nuclear chemistry can be applied practically.
- Define disintegration energy.
- Explain how Einstein's work paved the way for modern technology like lasers and microwave ovens.
- Define the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.
- Explain what the electron cloud model looks like.
- Describe the process of nuclear reaction.

### 1. The Photoelectric Effect: Definition, History, Application & Equation

In this lesson, you will learn what the photoelectric effect is, how it was discovered, how it applies to everyday life, and the equation associated with it. A short quiz will follow.

### 2. Energy & Momentum of a Photon: Equation & Calculations

After watching this lesson, you will be able to explain what wave-particle duality is, provide the equations for the energy and momentum of a photon of light, and use those equations to solve problems. A short quiz will follow.

### 3. Planck's Constant: Formula & Application

After watching this lesson, you will be able to explain what Planck's constant is and use the Planck-Einstein relation to calculate the energy in a photon of light. A short quiz will follow.

### 4. The Bohr Model and Atomic Spectra

Do you ever wonder where light comes from or how it is produced? In this lesson, we are going to use our knowledge of the electron configurations and quantum numbers to see what goes on during the creation of light.

### 5. Types of Radioactive Decay and Their Effect on the Nucleus

What is meant by the term 'radioactive'? In this lesson we will break down the three main types of nuclear decay particles and discuss their composition, their effect on the nucleus, and their applications.

### 6. Balancing Nuclear Equations & Predicting the Product of a Nuclear Reaction

When a radioactive particle gives off radiation, what happens to the particle? This lesson will explain the three major types of radiation and what effect they have on the decaying atom.

### 7. Half-life: Calculating Radioactive Decay and Interpreting Decay Graphs

What causes a radioactive particle to decay? We'll never really know, but our best guess lies in probability. In this lesson, we are going to focus on the half-life, a way of measuring the probability that a particle will react.

### 8. Mass-Energy Conversion, Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy

When you hear the term 'nuclear power,' what comes to mind? Do you know where that energy and power is coming from? In this lesson, we are going to zoom in on the nucleus of a helium atom to explain how something as small as a nucleus can produce an extremely large amount of energy.

### 9. Fusion, Fission, Carbon Dating, Tracers & Imaging: Applications of Nuclear Chemistry

What can the sun do that we can't? How do carbon atoms 'date'? Are radioactive isotopes helpful in the medical field? The answers to these questions can be found in this lesson on the applications of nuclear chemistry.

### 10. Nuclear Physics: Nuclear Force & Building Energy

After watching this video, you should be able to explain what nuclear physics is, including the concept of binding energy. You should also be able to explain how fusion and fission work. A short quiz will follow.

### 11. Disintegration Energy in Nuclear Physics: Definition & Formula

After watching this video, you should be able to explain what disintegration energy is and use mass-energy equivalence to calculate the disintegration energy in a nuclear decay reaction.

### 12. Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle: Definition & Equation

The Heisenberg uncertainty principle is one of the core concepts in quantum mechanics. In this lesson, we define the uncertainty principle and learn more about its implications for physical science.

### 13. Electron Cloud: Definition, Model & Theory

Like the rapidly moving blades of a fan, electrons appear to occupy all of the space in an atom at once. Learn how electron location in an atom is best described by the electron cloud model and theory.

### 14. Nuclear Reaction: Definition & Examples

Learn the differences between a nuclear reaction and a chemical reaction. Also learn how the nuclear reaction involves subatomic particles including protons and neutrons. Discover the different types of nuclear reactions including fission and fusion and also how a nuclear power plant works to produce energy.

### 15. Wave-Particle Duality & the Davisson-Germer Experiment

After watching this video, you should be able to explain what wave-particle duality is, explain how the Davisson-Germer experiment contributed to our evidence for it, and use the de Broglie equation to solve problems. A short quiz will follow.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the High School Physics: Homeschool Curriculum course

- Introduction to High School Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Vectors in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Kinematics in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Newton's Laws in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Work, Energy & Power in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Linear Momentum in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Rotational Motion in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Circular Motion & Gravitation in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Oscillations in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Electrical Forces and Fields in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Potential & Capacitance in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Direct Current Circuits in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Magnetism in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Waves, Sound & Light - High School Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Fluid Mechanics in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Thermal Physics & Thermodynamics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Relativity & Quantum Theory: Homeschool Curriculum
- High School Physics - The Universe: Homeschool Curriculum
- Motion - Physics Lab Experiments: Homeschool Curriculum
- Matter & Light - Physics Lab Experiments: Homeschool Curriculum
- Electricity - Physics Lab Experiments: Homeschool Curriculum