Ch 5: Atomic Structure in Chemistry Basics

About This Chapter

Simplify the process of studying for a test covering atomic structure in chemistry with help from this chapter's short lessons, mini quizzes and practice exam. These study tools are accessible 24 hours a day, enabling you to conveniently build a comprehensive understanding of these concepts.

Atomic Structure in Chemistry Basics - Chapter Summary

If you need help understanding the basics of atomic structure in chemistry, you've reached the right place! This chapter is filled with fun lessons you can study any time to improve your knowledge of protons, neutrons, the Bohr model and more. Once you've finished this chapter, you will be ready to do the following:

  • Discuss early atomic theory from Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan
  • Differentiate between protons and neutrons
  • Exhibit knowledge of the atomic number and mass number
  • Describe isotopes and average atomic mass
  • Provide an explanation of Avogadro's number and how to use the mole to count atoms
  • Share facts about the Bohr model and atomic spectra

As you progress through this chapter, feel free to take the quizzes accompanying the lessons to gauge your grasp of key concepts. Any questions you develop during your studies can be submitted to our subject-matter experts any time via the dashboard. For a broad review of this chapter before the day of your test, be sure to take our practice exam. Access these study tools any time via your computer or mobile device of choice.

7 Lessons in Chapter 5: Atomic Structure in Chemistry Basics
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Early Atomic Theory: Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan

1. Early Atomic Theory: Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan

Imagine firing a bullet at a piece of tissue paper and having it bounce back at you! You would probably be just as surprised as Rutherford when he discovered the nucleus. In this lesson, we are going to travel back in time and discuss some of the major discoveries in the history of the atom.

Protons: Definition, Charge & Mass

2. Protons: Definition, Charge & Mass

Protons can be found in the nucleus of every atom. While originally it had been thought that protons were a fundamental particle, recent research has shown that protons are made of quarks. This lesson will cover the properties of the proton.

Neutrons: Definition & Concept

3. Neutrons: Definition & Concept

Neutrons are the big guys of the atom. This lesson explains the structure of the neutron, its properties, and some of its influences on the function of the atom.

Atomic Number and Mass Number

4. Atomic Number and Mass Number

Atoms are the basic building blocks of everything around you. In order to really understand how atoms combine to form molecules, it's necessary to be familiar with their structure. In this lesson, we'll dissect atoms so we can see just what really goes into those little building blocks of matter.

Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass

5. Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass

When you drink a glass of water, you are actually drinking a combination of heavy water and light water. What's the difference? Is it harmful? This video will explain the difference between the two types of water and go into detail on the significance of the different isotopes of elements.

Avogadro's Number: Using the Mole to Count Atoms

6. Avogadro's Number: Using the Mole to Count Atoms

How do we move from the atomic world to the regular world? Because atoms are so tiny, how can we count and measure them? And what do chemists celebrate at 6:02 AM on October 23rd each year? In this lesson, you will be learning how Avogadro's number and the mole can answer these questions.

The Bohr Model and Atomic Spectra

7. The Bohr Model and Atomic Spectra

Do you ever wonder where light comes from or how it is produced? In this lesson, we are going to use our knowledge of the electron configurations and quantum numbers to see what goes on during the creation of light.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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