About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Atomic Structure chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
Atomic and mass number
Early atomic theory
|Definition of atom, electron, proton, nucleus, mass, element|
Definition of atomic number and mass number, how to use the nuclear symbol to learn about an atom's components
Pioneers in the study of atoms with a look at their work
|Tuesday|| Isotopes and average atomic mass|
Electron configurations in atomic energy levels
|Definition of an isotope and the relation of isotope abundance to an element's atomic mass|
Definition of Avogadro's number and why it is important, examples of how to use it in calculations
Purpose of electrons, how to determine their location in an atom and why this is important
|Wednesday|| Atomic structures|
Diamagnetism and paramagnetism
|Explanations and uses of the Pauli exclusion principle, the Aufbau principle and Hund's rule|
Definition and functions of diamagnetism and paramagnetism
|Thursday|| Four quantum numbers|
The Bohr model
|The quantum numbers for electron configuration and how they are useful|
Drawing of the hydrogen atom using the Bohr model, its relation to atomic spectra
|Friday|| Heisenberg uncertainty principle|
De Broglie hypothesis
|Definition and equation for the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, how it is used|
Definition of the de Broglie hypothesis, how it is used
1. The Atom
Tune into this lesson to find out what matters about matter. What exactly is an atom? And, how do the atoms that make up the elements in the periodic table differ from one another?
2. Atomic Number and Mass Number
Atoms are the basic building blocks of everything around you. In order to really understand how atoms combine to form molecules, it's necessary to be familiar with their structure. In this lesson, we'll dissect atoms so we can see just what really goes into those little building blocks of matter.
3. Atomic Number Lesson Plan
Learning about subatomic particles can be dull; however, this lesson plan allows students to learn all of the associated vocabulary in fun, interactive ways while also focusing on class- and team-building activities.
4. Atoms & Molecules Activities
Do your students' eyes start to glaze over during class lectures? Is it time to bring out the games. This lesson offers engaging activities to support your lectures on atoms and molecules.
5. Atomic Mass Activities
Want to make your atomic mass lesson a bit more exciting? This lesson contains several ideas for activities that will make learning about atomic mass more engaging and meaningful for students.
6. Properties of Compounds Lesson Plan
We are surrounded by chemical compounds all the time. Your students will learn about properties of compounds as they watch a video, participate in a demo, create compound profiles, and complete a worksheet.
7. Early Atomic Theory: Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan
Imagine firing a bullet at a piece of tissue paper and having it bounce back at you! You would probably be just as surprised as Rutherford when he discovered the nucleus. In this lesson, we are going to travel back in time and discuss some of the major discoveries in the history of the atom.
8. Atomic Theory Lesson Plan
Teach your students about atomic theory with this lesson plan. Students will watch a video lesson discussing atomic theory, its evolution and scientists who played a significant role. Students ask and answer questions and complete an activity to reinforce learning.
9. Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass
When you drink a glass of water, you are actually drinking a combination of heavy water and light water. What's the difference? Is it harmful? This video will explain the difference between the two types of water and go into detail on the significance of the different isotopes of elements.
10. Isotopes Lesson Plan
Isotopes have helped us in many ways over the years. Your students will enjoy learning about isotopes as they watch a video, identify an unknown isotope, and complete a worksheet.
11. Avogadro's Number: Using the Mole to Count Atoms
How do we move from the atomic world to the regular world? Because atoms are so tiny, how can we count and measure them? And what do chemists celebrate at 6:02 AM on October 23rd each year? In this lesson, you will be learning how Avogadro's number and the mole can answer these questions.
12. Avogadro's Number Lesson Plan
Understanding Avogadro's Number is a confusing part of chemistry. This lesson plan works to simplify the topic though a hands-on activity, a game, and then creating a mini-hint booklet.
13. Electron Configurations in Atomic Energy Levels
This lesson will explain what the electrons are doing inside the atom. Tune in to find out how we specify where they are located and how this location description will help us predict an element's properties.
14. Electron Configuration Lesson Plan
Teach students how to write electron configurations with a couple of short videos, step-by-step instructions, suggested practice problems and a hands-on activity.
15. Electron Configuration Activities & Games
Electron configurations can be challenging for students to understand. Activities and games make it easier and more fun. Check out some of these ideas and try them in your classroom.
16. Atomic Structures: Pauli Exclusion Principle, Aufbau Principle & Hund's Rule
This lesson discusses the three main rules that govern how electrons fit in the atomic structure by filling the shells, subshells, and orbitals. We will also review the basics of quantum numbers before learning these principles.
17. Atomic Structure History Lesson Plan
Use this lesson plan to introduce your students to the atom and the history of the theorization of its structure. Students will read a text lesson, discuss the structure of atoms, and complete a comparative activity.
18. Diamagnetism & Paramagnetism: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, we learn more about electron configuration through the concepts of diamagnetism and paramagnetism. We will review electron structure in an atom, and define diamagnetism and paramagnetism.
19. Four Quantum Numbers: Principal, Angular Momentum, Magnetic & Spin
Each electron inside of an atom has its own 'address' that consists of four quantum numbers that communicate a great deal of information about that electron. In this lesson, we will be defining each quantum number and explaining how to write a set of quantum numbers for a specific electron.
20. The Bohr Model and Atomic Spectra
Do you ever wonder where light comes from or how it is produced? In this lesson, we are going to use our knowledge of the electron configurations and quantum numbers to see what goes on during the creation of light.
21. Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle: Definition & Equation
The Heisenberg uncertainty principle is one of the core concepts in quantum mechanics. In this lesson, we define the uncertainty principle and learn more about its implications for physical science.
22. The de Broglie Hypothesis: Definition & Significance
The de Broglie hypothesis states that particles of matter can behave as both waves and particles, just like light. In this lesson, we'll learn the basics of the de Broglie hypothesis and how it related to other theories released at the same time.
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