About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering social psychology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn social psychology. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the theories of love, attraction and close relationships
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning psychology (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about attraction and close relationships
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra psychology learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the attraction and close relationships chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the attraction and close relationships chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about attraction and close relationships. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an attraction and close relationships unit of a standard self in social psychology course. Topics covered include:
- Mere exposure, reciprocal liking and symmetry
- The halo effect
- Relationships and the social exchange theory
- Sternberg's triangular theory of love
- The attachment theory of love
- The equity theory of love
- The evolutionary theory of love
1. Mere Exposure and the Propinquity Effect: Theory & Examples
The mere exposure effect and the propinquity effect both influence our development of close relationships. Explore theory of the mere exposure and propinquity effects and analyze examples of the two phenomena in the Westgate Studies.
2. Similarity, Reciprocal Liking and Ingratiation: Definition & Examples
As individuals, we like some people more than we like others. Explore the concepts of liking and attraction, and examine how they are affected by similarity, reciprocal liking, and ingratiation. Review definitions and examples for each of these concepts.
3. Physical Traits and Attraction: Symmetry, Ratios & the ''Babyface'' Phenomenon
Research has shown that physical attractiveness is a very important determinant of liking someone. Discover three physical traits that are fairly universal across the world, regardless of culture, including: ratios (waist-to-hip ratio in women; shoulder-to-waist ratio in men); facial symmetry, where each side of the face is an exact mirror of the other; and the baby-face phenomenon in which infant-like features (large eyes, thick lips) are considered attractive.
4. The Halo Effect: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
Halo effect is the tendency to influence some aspect due to a positive impression on another characteristic or feature. Learn about the definition, examples, advantages, and disadvantages of the halo effect.
5. Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
Robert Sternberg's triangular theory of love holds that love is made up of three components (intimacy, passion, and commitment), which can be visualized on a triangle, and that there are eight types of love, which are different combinations of these three components. Explore the types of love made from the combinations of intimacy, passion, and/or commitment, and why the eighth type of love is considered rare and difficult to maintain.
6. The Equity Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
Equity theory suggests that people are more satisfied with a relationship in which there is equal give and take by both parties. Explore how this theory relates to love, and discover examples and predictions of this theory, and the role of equality in relationships.
7. Social Exchange Theory in Relationships: Definition, Examples & Predictions
Social exchange theory says that the relationships we choose to create and maintain are the ones that maximize our rewards and minimize our costs. Explore examples of this theory, predictions, cost-benefit analysis, comparison level, and comparison level of alternatives.
8. The Attachment Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
The Attachment Theory of Love suggests that the type of romantic relationship one has as an adult is determined by the type of relationship one had with one's primary caregiver as a child. Explore this theory definition, examples, attachment styles, and predictions about adult relationships.
9. The Evolutionary Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
The evolutionary theory of love states that love functions to attract and retain a mate for the purpose of reproducing and then caring for the resulting offspring. Explore this definition, examples, and predictions of attraction, promiscuity, and jealousy.
10. Ending Relationships, Disengagement Strategies & the Detachment Process
When ending a relationship, there are common disengagement strategies individuals use to end said relationship, as well as detachment processes that an individual will experience. Learn more about Leslie Baxter's four categories of disengagement strategies (avoidance/withdrawal, manipulation, positive tone, open confrontation) and the four stages of the dissolution/detachment process: intrapersonal, dyadic, social, and intrapersonal (again.)
11. The Gain-Loss Principle of Aronson & Linder
In this lesson, we'll be looking at the gain-loss principle of Aronson and Linder, which is a principle of attraction. In other words, how well someone is liked by another person. After learning about this concept, you'll be able to test your knowledge with a quiz!
12. Heterosexual: Definition & Meaning
This lesson defines what a heterosexual is and examines the reasons that they are defined that way. It also defines and gives information about sexual orientation and other types that are commonly known.
13. Homogamy: Definition & Theory
This lesson will cover the definition of homogamy as it relates to the field of sociology. We'll also discuss some theories of why people tend to enter homogamous relationships and look at how attitudes have changed in the direction of increasing tolerance for heterogamous relationships.
14. Psychological Dependence: Definition & Risk Factors
Psychological dependence refers to an emotional state that develops after using drugs or performing another behavior for a period of time. This lesson will provide you with an overview of what psychological dependence is and the risk factors for developing psychological dependence.
15. Companionate Love: Definition & Examples
This lesson discusses the definition of companionate love, which is love based on a deep commitment between two people that is not characterized by romance or passion. We'll talk about theories of love as well as provide some examples of companionate love.
16. What is Amae? - Doi's Definition & Concept
In Japanese culture, Amae is a behavior described as gaining closeness through a parent-child like relationship. In this lesson, you will learn more about Amae, its origins and its cultural value.
17. How to Build Trust in a Relationship
Trust is essential for any strong relationship, but it's not something that comes natural to us. Through this lesson, you will learn about different types of trust and how to establish and maintain trust in personal and professional relationships.
18. Relationship Building for Couples: Activities & Exercises
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of relationship building and what is entailed in relationship building activities and exercises. You'll learn about eight different relationship building activities and exercises designed to strengthen a couple's intimacy and connection.
19. Building Relationships with Parents & Families
Regardless of the capacity in which you work with children, it is very important to know how to build relationships with parents and families. This lesson gives you some ideas on how to go about this crucial task.
20. Why Do People Fall in Love?
This lesson looks at the scientific and research-based conclusions that have been reached regarding why people fall in love. Along with a brief discussion of a hypothetical scenario several general rules of attraction are considered.
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Other chapters within the Social Psychology: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Social Psychology: Help and Review
- Research Methods and Ethics: Help and Review
- Social Cognition & Perception: Help and Review
- The Self in a Social Context: Help and Review
- Attitudes and Persuasion: Help and Review
- Group Decisions: Help and Review
- Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination: Help and Review
- Applied Social Psychology: Help and Review
- Recognizing Abuse & Neglect