About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering social psychology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn social psychology. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the theories of love, attraction and close relationships
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning psychology (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about attraction and close relationships
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra psychology learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the attraction and close relationships chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the attraction and close relationships chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about attraction and close relationships. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an attraction and close relationships unit of a standard self in social psychology course. Topics covered include:
- Mere exposure, reciprocal liking and symmetry
- The halo effect
- Relationships and the social exchange theory
- Sternberg's triangular theory of love
- The attachment theory of love
- The equity theory of love
- The evolutionary theory of love
1. Mere Exposure and the Propinquity Effect: Theory & Examples
Close relationships are a huge topic of study for social psychologists. How do we meet the people who become our friends and lovers? Why do we like certain people more than others? In this lesson, we focus on that last question. We discuss the mere exposure effect and the propinquity effect and how both impact our liking and affection for other people.
2. Similarity, Reciprocal Liking and Ingratiation: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we continue examining the question of why we like - and are attracted to - certain individuals more than others. We define and discuss the concepts of similarity, reciprocal liking, and ingratiation, and how they affect our attraction to others.
3. Physical Traits and Attraction: Symmetry, Ratios & the ''Babyface'' Phenomenon
Physical traits are more important to attraction than many of us would care to admit. In this lesson, we discuss cross-cultural similarities in traits considered physically attractive, including symmetry, waist-to-hip and waist-to-shoulder ratios, and the 'baby face' phenomenon.
4. The Halo Effect: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
Multiple studies have shown just how much attractiveness matters in our society, even when it shouldn't. In this lesson, we define and discuss the halo effect and how a person's looks can affect our assumptions about that person.
5. Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
Love is an important and complex topic of study for social psychologists. In this lesson, we begin our discussion about love with Robert Sternberg's triangular theory of love. We define each of his eight types of love and identify real-world examples.
6. The Equity Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
Sometimes, love isn't enough to sustain a relationship. In this lesson, we discuss the importance of equality in a relationship by defining equity theory. We go through the theory's proposals and how it predicts when we are most likely to stay in certain relationships.
7. Social Exchange Theory in Relationships: Definition, Examples & Predictions
In this lesson, we define and discuss social exchange theory and what it predicts about romantic relationships. We also define and discuss the theory's three components: cost-benefit analysis, comparison level, and comparison level of alternatives.
8. The Attachment Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
We discuss the attachment theory of love in this lesson, and distinguish between the three types of attachment styles. We also examine a classic study and how it predicts adult relationships based on attachment style.
9. The Evolutionary Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
In this lesson, we define and discuss evolutionary psychology's theory of love. We also examine the theory's predictions when it comes to differences between a male and female's motivation behind attraction, promiscuity, and jealousy.
10. Ending Relationships, Disengagement Strategies & the Detachment Process
Unfortunately, the fact that romantic relationships end is just a part of life. In this lesson, we discuss some of the most common disengagement strategies that social psychologists have identified. We also discuss the detachment process that we all experience as part of a break-up.
11. The Gain-Loss Principle of Aronson & Linder
In this lesson, we'll be looking at the gain-loss principle of Aronson and Linder, which is a principle of attraction. In other words, how well someone is liked by another person. After learning about this concept, you'll be able to test your knowledge with a quiz!
12. Heterosexual: Definition & Meaning
This lesson defines what a heterosexual is and examines the reasons that they are defined that way. It also defines and gives information about sexual orientation and other types that are commonly known.
13. Homogamy: Definition & Theory
This lesson will cover the definition of homogamy as it relates to the field of sociology. We'll also discuss some theories of why people tend to enter homogamous relationships and look at how attitudes have changed in the direction of increasing tolerance for heterogamous relationships.
14. Psychological Dependence: Definition & Risk Factors
Psychological dependence refers to an emotional state that develops after using drugs or performing another behavior for a period of time. This lesson will provide you with an overview of what psychological dependence is and the risk factors for developing psychological dependence.
15. Companionate Love: Definition & Examples
This lesson discusses the definition of companionate love, which is love based on a deep commitment between two people that is not characterized by romance or passion. We'll talk about theories of love as well as provide some examples of companionate love.
16. What is Amae? - Doi's Definition & Concept
In Japanese culture, Amae is a behavior described as gaining closeness through a parent-child like relationship. In this lesson, you will learn more about Amae, its origins and its cultural value.
17. How to Build Trust in a Relationship
Trust is essential for any strong relationship, but it's not something that comes natural to us. Through this lesson, you will learn about different types of trust and how to establish and maintain trust in personal and professional relationships.
18. Relationship Building for Couples: Activities & Exercises
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of relationship building and what is entailed in relationship building activities and exercises. You'll learn about eight different relationship building activities and exercises designed to strengthen a couple's intimacy and connection.
19. Building Relationships with Parents & Families
Regardless of the capacity in which you work with children, it is very important to know how to build relationships with parents and families. This lesson gives you some ideas on how to go about this crucial task.
20. Why Do People Fall in Love?
This lesson looks at the scientific and research-based conclusions that have been reached regarding why people fall in love. Along with a brief discussion of a hypothetical scenario several general rules of attraction are considered.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Social Psychology: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Social Psychology: Help and Review
- Research Methods and Ethics: Help and Review
- Social Cognition & Perception: Help and Review
- The Self in a Social Context: Help and Review
- Attitudes and Persuasion: Help and Review
- Group Decisions: Help and Review
- Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination: Help and Review
- Applied Social Psychology: Help and Review