About This Chapter
Attraction & Close Relationships - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Nothing seems to stir people quite as much as love. Love has been the topic of countless songs, books and movies. The ideas of what make a person attractive, why two people fall in love and what is love have all been tackled in the different forms of media. This chapter is going along with the crowd and taking a look at love, attraction and close relationships. However, we aren't going to look at it through the rose-colored glasses of Hollywood. Instead, we are going to look at it through the critical eyes of researchers. We will tackle topics like the propinquity effect, reciprocal liking and the 'babyface' phenomenon. These lessons will help you to understand more about things like:
- Traits associated with physical attractiveness
- The eight types of love according to Sternberg
- The theory of love that has its roots in WWII
- Why jealousy occurs
- The reasons relationships end
- Examples of the equity theory of love
|Mere Exposure and the Propinquity Effect: Theory & Examples||Take a look at mere exposure and its link to the propinquity effect.|
|Similarity, Reciprocal Liking and Ingratiation: Definition & Examples||Discover more about the role of similarity in attraction.|
|Physical Traits and Attraction: Symmetry, Ratios & the 'Babyface' Phenomenon||Analyze how physical traits related to attraction, specifically symmetry and ratios.|
|The Halo Effect: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages||Examine research on the traits associated with physical attractiveness.|
|Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions||Explore Sternberg's triangular theory of love.|
|The Equity Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions||Find out more about the equity theory of love.|
|Interdependence Theory: Definition, Examples & Predictions||Learn about the social exchange theory of love.|
|The Attachment Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions||Study the attachment theory of love and discuss its historical roots in WWII.|
|The Evolutionary Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions||Describe the foundational tenets and theories of the evolutionary theory.|
|Ending Relationships, Disengagement Strategies & the Detachment Process||Discuss the reasons relationships end and the disengagement strategies used.|
1. Mere Exposure and the Propinquity Effect: Theory & Examples
Close relationships are a huge topic of study for social psychologists. How do we meet the people who become our friends and lovers? Why do we like certain people more than others? In this lesson, we focus on that last question. We discuss the mere exposure effect and the propinquity effect and how both impact our liking and affection for other people.
2. Similarity, Reciprocal Liking and Ingratiation: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we continue examining the question of why we like - and are attracted to - certain individuals more than others. We define and discuss the concepts of similarity, reciprocal liking, and ingratiation, and how they affect our attraction to others.
3. Physical Traits and Attraction: Symmetry, Ratios & the ''Babyface'' Phenomenon
Physical traits are more important to attraction than many of us would care to admit. In this lesson, we discuss cross-cultural similarities in traits considered physically attractive, including symmetry, waist-to-hip and waist-to-shoulder ratios, and the 'baby face' phenomenon.
4. The Halo Effect: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
Multiple studies have shown just how much attractiveness matters in our society, even when it shouldn't. In this lesson, we define and discuss the halo effect and how a person's looks can affect our assumptions about that person.
5. Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
Love is an important and complex topic of study for social psychologists. In this lesson, we begin our discussion about love with Robert Sternberg's triangular theory of love. We define each of his eight types of love and identify real-world examples.
6. The Equity Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
Sometimes, love isn't enough to sustain a relationship. In this lesson, we discuss the importance of equality in a relationship by defining equity theory. We go through the theory's proposals and how it predicts when we are most likely to stay in certain relationships.
7. Social Exchange Theory in Relationships: Definition, Examples & Predictions
In this lesson, we define and discuss social exchange theory and what it predicts about romantic relationships. We also define and discuss the theory's three components: cost-benefit analysis, comparison level, and comparison level of alternatives.
8. The Attachment Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
We discuss the attachment theory of love in this lesson, and distinguish between the three types of attachment styles. We also examine a classic study and how it predicts adult relationships based on attachment style.
9. The Evolutionary Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
In this lesson, we define and discuss evolutionary psychology's theory of love. We also examine the theory's predictions when it comes to differences between a male and female's motivation behind attraction, promiscuity, and jealousy.
10. Ending Relationships, Disengagement Strategies & the Detachment Process
Unfortunately, the fact that romantic relationships end is just a part of life. In this lesson, we discuss some of the most common disengagement strategies that social psychologists have identified. We also discuss the detachment process that we all experience as part of a break-up.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 104: Social Psychology course