Ch 7: Attraction & Close Relationships

About This Chapter

Watch online video lessons, and learn about the different aspects of attraction and close relationships. Follow each lesson by completing the quick quiz to measure your understanding of these social psychology concepts.

Attraction & Close Relationships - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Nothing seems to stir people quite as much as love. Love has been the topic of countless songs, books and movies. The ideas of what make a person attractive, why two people fall in love and what is love have all been tackled in the different forms of media. This chapter is going along with the crowd and taking a look at love, attraction and close relationships. However, we aren't going to look at it through the rose-colored glasses of Hollywood. Instead, we are going to look at it through the critical eyes of researchers. We will tackle topics like the propinquity effect, reciprocal liking and the 'babyface' phenomenon. These lessons will help you to understand more about things like:

  • Traits associated with physical attractiveness
  • The eight types of love according to Sternberg
  • The theory of love that has its roots in WWII
  • Why jealousy occurs
  • The reasons relationships end
  • Examples of the equity theory of love

VideoObjection
Mere Exposure and the Propinquity Effect: Theory & Examples Take a look at mere exposure and its link to the propinquity effect.
Similarity, Reciprocal Liking and Ingratiation: Definition & Examples Discover more about the role of similarity in attraction.
Physical Traits and Attraction: Symmetry, Ratios & the 'Babyface' Phenomenon Analyze how physical traits related to attraction, specifically symmetry and ratios.
The Halo Effect: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages Examine research on the traits associated with physical attractiveness.
Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions Explore Sternberg's triangular theory of love.
The Equity Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions Find out more about the equity theory of love.
Interdependence Theory: Definition, Examples & Predictions Learn about the social exchange theory of love.
The Attachment Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions Study the attachment theory of love and discuss its historical roots in WWII.
The Evolutionary Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions Describe the foundational tenets and theories of the evolutionary theory.
Ending Relationships, Disengagement Strategies & the Detachment Process Discuss the reasons relationships end and the disengagement strategies used.

10 Lessons in Chapter 7: Attraction & Close Relationships
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Mere Exposure and the Propinquity Effect: Theory & Examples

1. Mere Exposure and the Propinquity Effect: Theory & Examples

The mere exposure effect and the propinquity effect both influence our development of close relationships. Explore theory of the mere exposure and propinquity effects and analyze examples of the two phenomena in the Westgate Studies.

Similarity, Reciprocal Liking and Ingratiation: Definition & Examples

2. Similarity, Reciprocal Liking and Ingratiation: Definition & Examples

As individuals, we like some people more than we like others. Explore the concepts of liking and attraction, and examine how they are affected by similarity, reciprocal liking, and ingratiation. Review definitions and examples for each of these concepts.

Physical Traits and Attraction: Symmetry, Ratios & the ''Babyface'' Phenomenon

3. Physical Traits and Attraction: Symmetry, Ratios & the ''Babyface'' Phenomenon

Research has shown that physical attractiveness is a very important determinant of liking someone. Discover three physical traits that are fairly universal across the world, regardless of culture, including: ratios (waist-to-hip ratio in women; shoulder-to-waist ratio in men); facial symmetry, where each side of the face is an exact mirror of the other; and the baby-face phenomenon in which infant-like features (large eyes, thick lips) are considered attractive.

The Halo Effect: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages

4. The Halo Effect: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages

Halo effect is the tendency to influence some aspect due to a positive impression on another characteristic or feature. Learn about the definition, examples, advantages, and disadvantages of the halo effect.

Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions

5. Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions

Robert Sternberg's triangular theory of love holds that love is made up of three components (intimacy, passion, and commitment), which can be visualized on a triangle, and that there are eight types of love, which are different combinations of these three components. Explore the types of love made from the combinations of intimacy, passion, and/or commitment, and why the eighth type of love is considered rare and difficult to maintain.

The Equity Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions

6. The Equity Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions

Equity theory suggests that people are more satisfied with a relationship in which there is equal give and take by both parties. Explore how this theory relates to love, and discover examples and predictions of this theory, and the role of equality in relationships.

Social Exchange Theory in Relationships: Definition, Examples & Predictions

7. Social Exchange Theory in Relationships: Definition, Examples & Predictions

Social exchange theory says that the relationships we choose to create and maintain are the ones that maximize our rewards and minimize our costs. Explore examples of this theory, predictions, cost-benefit analysis, comparison level, and comparison level of alternatives.

The Attachment Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions

8. The Attachment Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions

The Attachment Theory of Love suggests that the type of romantic relationship one has as an adult is determined by the type of relationship one had with one's primary caregiver as a child. Explore this theory definition, examples, attachment styles, and predictions about adult relationships.

The Evolutionary Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions

9. The Evolutionary Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions

The evolutionary theory of love states that love functions to attract and retain a mate for the purpose of reproducing and then caring for the resulting offspring. Explore this definition, examples, and predictions of attraction, promiscuity, and jealousy.

Ending Relationships, Disengagement Strategies & the Detachment Process

10. Ending Relationships, Disengagement Strategies & the Detachment Process

When ending a relationship, there are common disengagement strategies individuals use to end said relationship, as well as detachment processes that an individual will experience. Learn more about Leslie Baxter's four categories of disengagement strategies (avoidance/withdrawal, manipulation, positive tone, open confrontation) and the four stages of the dissolution/detachment process: intrapersonal, dyadic, social, and intrapersonal (again.)

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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