About This Chapter
Atypical Psychological Development - Chapter Summary
One of the specialty areas of psychology includes atypical psychological development, and this chapter can help you more thoroughly comprehend this developmental process. The lessons can stand on their own individually, but if you study all of them together you will start to see the connections between such topics as the two major theories that explain the causes of psychological abnormalities, indications of different disorders, underlying causes of disorders, and examples of patient symptoms. When you complete the chapter, you will have broadened your knowledge on this topic and be able to:
- Explain the typical disorders studied in abnormal psychology
- Point out the causes and criteria of abnormal behavior
- Show the characteristics of the DSM
- Determine the dimensions of psychopathology and mental health
- Differentiate personality, mood, anxiety, and substance-related disorders
- Establish the symptoms of a psychotic disorder
- Outline the 'two-hit' hypothesis in connection to abnormal psychology
- Evaluate the interpretation and history of the Rorschach test
There are video lessons available for most of the lessons in this chapter. Each video provides a mini lecture that is full of key terms, definitions, concept applications, and more. In the videos, our instructors talk you through the major aspects of each lesson topic. In addition, clever animations and other helpful visual aids make the learning process fun and effective. Completing an entire lesson can take as little as 5-10 minutes, so reviewing all of the video lessons in a chapter may not take much time at all.
1. What is Abnormal Psychology? - Definition and Common Disorders Studied
What is abnormality? How do psychologists study abnormality? In this lesson, we will define abnormal psychology, look at two theories to explain what causes abnormality and examine three examples of disorders studied in abnormal psychology.
2. The Psychology of Abnormal Behavior: Understanding the Criteria & Causes of Abnormal Behavior
What is abnormal behavior? In this lesson, we will look at how psychologists define abnormality, the criteria they use to identify it, and some common causes of abnormal behavior.
3. What Is the DSM? - Definition & Characteristics
How do mental health workers keep track of the hundreds of mental disorders in existence? When looking up and diagnosing psychological disorders, they refer to the DSM, or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
4. Mental Health & Psychopathology: Definition & Dimensions
In this lesson, we will explore some of the basic ways that we differentiate between mental health and psychopathology. Included in this is looking at social, behavioral, thought, and emotional processes.
5. Substance Abuse & Substance Dependence: Definition & Characteristics
Many people have a drink now and then, but how do you know if you have a substance-related disorder? This lesson will help you learn the difference between just having a drink and having an actual problem.
6. Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Phobias & Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
When do we cross the boundary between natural worry and the debilitating types of anxiety associated with disorders? In this lesson, you'll explore some common anxiety disorders and their potential causes.
7. Mood Disorders: Depression, Persistent Depressive Disorder & Bipolar Disorder
Does feeling sad automatically mean someone is depressed? Are there different kinds of depression? What are mood disorders? This lesson will take a look at the answers to those questions.
8. Personality Disorders: Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic, Schizoid & Antisocial
Will the Personality Disorder Crime Force make it out of the office today? In this lesson, you'll learn about each superhero's personality disorder as a late delivery of donuts sets off some of their common behaviors.
9. What Is a Psychotic Disorder? - Symptoms & Definition
Psychotic disorders are some of the most serious mental disorders with curious and compelling symptoms. Learn about psychotic disorders and the symptoms of psychosis, then test your understanding with quiz questions.
10. The 'Two-Hit' Hypothesis in Abnormal Psychology
In this lesson, we'll talk about potential explanations for schizophrenia, a mental illness characterized by serious disruptions in thoughts and behaviors. We'll focus on a particular explanation for the disorder known as the two-hit hypothesis.
11. Rorschach Test: Definition, History & Interpretation
The Rorschach test is a psychological test consisting of ten inkblots that a test taker is asked to interpret. In this lesson, we will discuss the test's history and how Exner's Comprehensive System became the standard for scoring and interpretation.
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Other chapters within the VCE Psychology: Exam Prep & Study Guide course
- The Brain's Role in Mental Processes
- Brain Structure & Function
- Brain Plasticity & Damage
- Understanding The Nervous System
- Nervous System Functioning
- Technology & the Brain
- Psychological Development in Childhood
- Thoughts, Emotions & Behavior
- Sensation & Perception Overview
- Cognition & Intelligence
- Social Cognition Overview
- Social Influences on Behavior
- Understanding Stress
- Models of Learning
- Understanding Memory
- Consciousness & Sleep
- Mental Health Disorders Overview
- Phobias Overview
- Mental Health Maintenance
- Psychological Studies
- Communication Skills for Psychology
- VCE Psychology Flashcards