About This Chapter
Standard: Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness or beauty of the text. (CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.6)
About This Chapter
Students who have mastered the ability to determine point of view in textual works will be able to accurately identify first, second or third person and voice. They will be able to analyze a written work to determine the author's purpose and intent, and then assess the effectiveness of the text. These lessons will help your students:
- Identify point of view and voice
- Determine both the topic and argument in a passage
- Understand persuasive text
- Determine the purpose of a written work
- Assess the effectiveness of a text based on the author's style and content choices
Student mastery of these concepts is exhibited in both reading and writing. Students will have gained a deeper understanding of written works and will be better equipped to write with greater clarity and purpose. Mastery of this standard will increase student reading comprehension and enable them to both read and write at higher levels.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are a few activities you can incorporate into your lesson plans to help you meet the standards for the Common Core.
Point of View - It's a Matter of Perspective
The movie Hoodwinked is a great way to demonstrate point of view in a medium that students relate to and enjoy. Have students complete the point of view lessons on their own. Watch the movie in class, but stop it before the ending. As homework, ask students to write character profiles and then explain who they think is guilty, based on what they have now seen from different points of view. The next day, watch the end of the movie and discuss it.
After viewing the lessons on author's purpose, pass out a newspaper to each student. As homework, ask them to cut out articles in each of the categories you discussed. Next have them select one of each type and highlight words or phrases that help support the author's purpose.
A Revolution or a Bump in the Road?
History is a great way to show purpose and point of view in written documents. Open up a discussion in your class about the American Revolution. What do British textbooks have to say about the American Revolution? Same facts and dates - very different perspectives.
1. Topic vs. Argument in a Reading Passage
Understanding the distinction between topic and argument is an important part of becoming a critical reader. Here's the difference, with examples. Also review how to identify the support for an argument in a passage.
2. Narrator: Definition, Types & Examples
A narrator tells a story. Narrators may know all the information readers need to know, and sometimes their knowledge is limited. Learn more about the definition of a narrator and different types of narrators, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
3. How to Analyze the Purpose of a Text
In this lesson, we will learn how to analyze the purpose of a text. We will explore some of the primary purposes and practice determining purpose using some writing samples.
4. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
5. What is Persuasive Text? - Definition & Examples
This lesson will teach you how to identify all components of persuasive writing. You'll learn more about informational texts and test your understanding through a brief quiz.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Informational Text Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Informational Texts & Citing Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.1
- Analyzing & Summarizing Central Ideas: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.2-3
- Word Choice & Tone: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.4
- Analyzing the Author's Structure: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.5
- Accounts in Different Mediums: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.7
- Constitutional Principles & Legal Reasoning: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.8
- Analyzing Seminal US Documents: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.9