Ch 8: Author's Purpose & Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6

About This Chapter

Get your students interested in analytical approaches to informational texts with these videos discussing how point of view and narration affect the story being told. Some simple activities below can help you get started on bringing these videos into your lesson plans.

Standard: Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how an author uses rhetoric to advance that point of view or purpose. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.6)

About This Chapter

Students will increase their abilities to evaluate an author's use of point-of-view and narration as they watch these videos and complete the assessments. Upon mastery of these skills, they should be able to describe why an author chose a particular point of view and how the story may have been different had it been told from another angle or from a different person in the story. Students will also be able to evaluate the relationship between the person telling the story and the story itself. These videos help with:

  • Analyzing a text's purpose
  • Understanding 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person
  • Describing literary narrator types

When your students have become comfortable in these areas they will show their skills by using texts to determine who is speaking and which point of view is being represented as part of their analytical exploration of the text. They will be able to defend their assertions regarding point of view and narration with specific examples from the text.

How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom

Using these videos with your classroom teaching is simple: here are a few suggestions.

He Said She Said

After watching all of the videos in this chapter in class or as homework, have students journal about a recent confrontational experience either they or someone they know were a part of. Have them describe the story as they or their associate would tell it in the first person. Then have them rewrite the story, still in first person, as if it were being told by the other party in the confrontation. Remind them that they have to approach it as if they were that person, not what they think of that person from their own point of view. Have them answer questions about the role of the narrator such as: Where are the lines between truth and conjecture? How might the reactions of people being told this story change as they are presented with the two different versions? What were their personal goals they had in mind while writing the first version? Did those goals change when they wrote the second?

Analysis project

Provide your students with a list of literary non-fiction stories/excerpts containing different narration styles and points of view. Have your students pick a story to read as homework and write a brief analysis of the story. They should discuss what the author intended in writing the story, which point of view was used, who the narrator was and how they knew the information (e.g. omniscience, direct experience, hearsay). Finally, they should describe whether the author's choices in narration and point of view supported their apparent purpose or if they may have been better suited with a different strategy. Keep in mind that some stories may have multiple points of view and narrators.

Watch as homework

Assign these videos and their quizzes as homework, either as a group or individually where specific remedial needs may be met. Have students complete the chapter test in class to see how they are doing.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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