About This Chapter
Standard: Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how an author uses rhetoric to advance that point of view or purpose. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.6)
About This Chapter
Students will increase their abilities to evaluate an author's use of point-of-view and narration as they watch these videos and complete the assessments. Upon mastery of these skills, they should be able to describe why an author chose a particular point of view and how the story may have been different had it been told from another angle or from a different person in the story. Students will also be able to evaluate the relationship between the person telling the story and the story itself. These videos help with:
- Analyzing a text's purpose
- Understanding 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person
- Describing literary narrator types
When your students have become comfortable in these areas they will show their skills by using texts to determine who is speaking and which point of view is being represented as part of their analytical exploration of the text. They will be able to defend their assertions regarding point of view and narration with specific examples from the text.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Using these videos with your classroom teaching is simple: here are a few suggestions.
He Said She Said
After watching all of the videos in this chapter in class or as homework, have students journal about a recent confrontational experience either they or someone they know were a part of. Have them describe the story as they or their associate would tell it in the first person. Then have them rewrite the story, still in first person, as if it were being told by the other party in the confrontation. Remind them that they have to approach it as if they were that person, not what they think of that person from their own point of view. Have them answer questions about the role of the narrator such as: Where are the lines between truth and conjecture? How might the reactions of people being told this story change as they are presented with the two different versions? What were their personal goals they had in mind while writing the first version? Did those goals change when they wrote the second?
Provide your students with a list of literary non-fiction stories/excerpts containing different narration styles and points of view. Have your students pick a story to read as homework and write a brief analysis of the story. They should discuss what the author intended in writing the story, which point of view was used, who the narrator was and how they knew the information (e.g. omniscience, direct experience, hearsay). Finally, they should describe whether the author's choices in narration and point of view supported their apparent purpose or if they may have been better suited with a different strategy. Keep in mind that some stories may have multiple points of view and narrators.
Watch as homework
Assign these videos and their quizzes as homework, either as a group or individually where specific remedial needs may be met. Have students complete the chapter test in class to see how they are doing.
1. How to Analyze the Purpose of a Text
In this lesson, we will learn how to analyze the purpose of a text. We will explore some of the primary purposes and practice determining purpose using some writing samples.
2. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
3. Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions
Learn how point of view, or the angle from which a story is told, impacts the narrative voice of a work of literature. Explore, through examples, how point of view can be limited, objective, or omniscient.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Informational Text Grades 9-10: Standards course
- Informational Text for Common Core ELA - Informational Text 9-10
- Citing Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
- Central Idea & Summarizing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
- Nonfiction Analysis: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.3
- Word Choice & Tone: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
- Figurative & Technical Language: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
- Idea Development: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.5
- Accounts in Different Mediums: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.7
- Argumentative Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.8
- Analyzing Seminal U.S. Documents: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.9