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Ch 18: Basic Concepts of Morality

About This Chapter

Explore principles, types, and expressions of moral behavior in this chapter discussing the basic concepts of morality. Self-assessments are provided after each lesson and at the end of the chapter to gauge comprehension.

Basic Concepts of Morality - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

This chapter brings to you a thorough treatment of the study of morality. We outline how morality is defined, how people discuss and express morality, and how morals are applied in interactions and social institutions. In these videos our experienced teachers explain concepts such as:

  • Principles of morality
  • Morality in policy, policing, and employment
  • Moral standing and relations
  • Psycho-social sources of morality and moral obligation
  • The double effect doctrine

Video Objective
What is Morality? - Definition, Principles & Examples Here we outline what makes morals different from other related behaviors.
What Are Values, Morals & Ethics? Our instructors draw the lines between these terms and how people may define them differently.
The Basic Principles of Morality Five principles, from value of life to individual freedom, are defined and prioritized in this video.
Political Justice and Political Rights Learn how morality figures into public policy and rights in this lesson.
Basic Concepts of Economic Value This video provides definitions for values and goods and explains concepts associated with value.
Comparing Obligations & Prima Facie Get a grasp on the origins of duty and distinguishing actual duties from prima facie ones.
Moral Agency: Nature of Persons, Moral Character & Personhood This video lesson defines what a person is and how moral agency fits into a person's nature.
Moral Standing: Qualities & Scope The qualities associated with people provided moral standing by the community are explained here.
Moral Relations: Friendship, Loyalty & Fidelity Morality in interpersonal interactions is the focus of the material presented in this video.
Comparing Autonomy & Paternalism: Respect for Persons Finding balance between respect for oneself and respect for others is discussed by instructors.
Comparing Beneficence & Nonmaleficence Here we discuss why doing good is not the same as not doing bad.
The Doctrine of Double Effect: Interpretations, Application & Criticisms A full deconstruction of views about and uses of the double effect in society is presented.
Employment Discrimination: Definition and Laws This lesson applies morality to the workplace, including a look at the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

9 Lessons in Chapter 18: Basic Concepts of Morality
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Morality? - Definition, Principles & Examples

1. What is Morality? - Definition, Principles & Examples

As a society, we try to teach our children the difference between 'right' and 'wrong.' What we are teaching them is really just basic morality. Read on to learn the definition of morality, examine some of its principles, and look at some examples.

What Are Values, Morals & Ethics?

2. What Are Values, Morals & Ethics?

In this lesson, learn the differences between ethics and morals. Consider how these terms can mean different things to philosophers compared with the general public and how values factor into the conversation.

The Basic Principles of Morality

3. The Basic Principles of Morality

This lesson discusses the basic tenets of morality and highlights the six principles of the Moral Foundations Theory and how they are universally accepted.

Political Justice and Political Rights

4. Political Justice and Political Rights

Some of the greatest questions in political thought revolve around the nebulous concepts of justice and rights. In this lesson, we'll be exploring these complex concepts. You'll also have a chance to reinforce your knowledge with a short quiz.

Basic Concepts of Economic Value

5. Basic Concepts of Economic Value

This lesson explains the concept of economic value. It defines the terms market economy, market value, and consumer surplus. It also differentiates between economic value and market value.

Comparing Obligations & Prima Facie

6. Comparing Obligations & Prima Facie

Every moral code comes with certain moral obligations. But what do you do if two obligations contradict each other? Explore the ideas of moral duties and prima facie, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Moral Agency: Nature of Persons, Moral Character & Personhood

7. Moral Agency: Nature of Persons, Moral Character & Personhood

How do you know that you're a person? Is it because you're human? This lesson explores this question as it delves into the nature of persons debate, the meaning of moral agency, and the idea of moral character.

Moral Standing: Qualities & Scope

8. Moral Standing: Qualities & Scope

This lesson explains the concept of moral standing. Using modern examples and history, it also defines the terms anthropocentrism, sentiocentrism, and biocentrism.

Moral Relations: Friendship, Loyalty & Fidelity

9. Moral Relations: Friendship, Loyalty & Fidelity

Our lives are full of interactions with other people and those interactions often rely on some form of relationship. In this lesson, explore the idea of moral relations and discover how these are maintained. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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