About This Chapter
Basic Geographic Tools & Concepts - Chapter Summary
You've probably studied maps or a globe before, but have you ever wondered how geographers actually create such accurate projections of our planet? In this chapter, our instructors will bring you into the world of geography and give you a fascinating look at the tools and concepts we can use to study the places we inhabit.
Starting with an introductory look at the basic themes of geography, this chapter covers important geography tools, such as maps and global positioning systems, and the different ways that maps can be projected and scaled. You'll also learn how to use an atlas and an almanac, and you'll discover how your brain makes its own maps, too! After you've completed this chapter, you'll be able to:
- Describe the five key themes of geography
- Understand the functions of global positioning systems (GPS) and global imaging systems (GIS), as well as other tools used by geographers
- Identify the different regions of the world and explain how they combine to make the world map
- Define map projection and explain how maps can be scaled
- Discuss the role of the atlas and the almanac, and how they are used by geographers
- Understand and explain the process of mental mapping
- Describe the methods employed by geographers to collect data and study physical spaces
- Explain how we can study human societies through the spaces we occupy
We keep our lessons short and fun by presenting all course content through quick videos (full transcripts included). These video lessons may be watched as many times as needed and include self-assessed quizzes that provide instant feedback on your understanding of the material. Each video also includes tags that make it easy for you to locate the content you need to see. It's so easy to stay on track too; the Dashboard automatically keeps tabs on your progress as you work through the chapter!
1. What Are The Five Themes of Geography?
After watching this video, you will be able to explain what geography is and describe the five key themes that make up geography. A short quiz will follow.
2. Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS
How can we study the earth and the features in it? Watch this lesson to find out more about common tools used in geography, including maps, global positioning systems, and geographic information systems, and their differences.
3. The World Map: Overview & Major Geographical Regions
The world is a big place, but how well do you know it? In this lesson, we're going to look at a basic overview of major world regions and see how they collectively create the world map.
4. Map Projection & Scale
After watching this video, you will be able to explain what a map projection is, what a map scale is, and why they need to be carefully chosen when creating a map. A short quiz will follow.
5. Atlases & Almanacs as Sources of Geographic Information
Just like any other profession, geographers have specialized tools to help them. While they also rely on technologies like satellite imagery and advanced surveying tools, many geographers also use almanacs and atlases in their daily work.
6. Mental Maps in Geography
Mental maps are such a part of our everyday life, we barely realize we're using them. Learn about this fascinating activity going on in our brains, including how our mental maps get distorted or refined.
7. Geography Tools: Fieldwork, Databases & Primary Sources
Geographers study physical space, but how do they do this? Let's take a look at the data and sources used by geographers and see how this evidence is gathered.
8. Using Spatial Concepts to Understand the Human Organization of Space
Every aspect of human existence happens in actual space, but do we always stop to consider what this actually means? Let's explore human societies from a spatial perspective and see what there is to learn.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Social Studies - Content & Interpretation (5086): Study Guide & Practice course
- Early American Civilizations & Colonization
- The American Revolution Basics
- Development of the Early United States
- American Civil War
- Industrialization & The Progressive Era
- Overview of America in World War I
- America in the 1920s & the Great Depression
- Overview of America in World War II
- U.S. Culture & Politics after WWII
- Overview of Major Ancient Civilizations
- The Middle Ages, Renaissance & Reformation
- Revolutions & Imperialism
- First & Second World Wars
- Western Civilization after WWII
- Political Ideologies & Forms of Government
- American Democracy & Citizenship
- Overview of Federalism in the United States
- Election Process
- Overview of Theories of International Relations
- U.S. Foreign & Defense Policy
- Spatial Processes in Geography
- Human Geography Overview
- Human Influences on the Environment
- Microeconomics Overview
- Macroeconomics Overview
- Economic and Fiscal Policy Overview
- Overview of Psychology
- Culture & Cultural Change
- Praxis Social Studies - Content & Interpretation (5086) Flashcards