Ch 21: Basic Geographic Tools & Concepts

About This Chapter

In this interesting chapter, you'll learn all about the fundamentals of geography. Watch these short video lessons and get to know the tools of the trade. You'll also discover how geographers use the latest in mapping techniques and technology to improve your perspective on the globe.

Basic Geographic Tools & Concepts - Chapter Summary

You've probably studied maps or a globe before, but have you ever wondered how geographers actually create such accurate projections of our planet? In this chapter, our instructors will bring you into the world of geography and give you a fascinating look at the tools and concepts we can use to study the places we inhabit.

Starting with an introductory look at the basic themes of geography, this chapter covers important geography tools, such as maps and global positioning systems, and the different ways that maps can be projected and scaled. You'll also learn how to use an atlas and an almanac, and you'll discover how your brain makes its own maps, too! After you've completed this chapter, you'll be able to:

  • Describe the five key themes of geography
  • Understand the functions of global positioning systems (GPS) and global imaging systems (GIS), as well as other tools used by geographers
  • Identify the different regions of the world and explain how they combine to make the world map
  • Define map projection and explain how maps can be scaled
  • Discuss the role of the atlas and the almanac, and how they are used by geographers
  • Understand and explain the process of mental mapping
  • Describe the methods employed by geographers to collect data and study physical spaces
  • Explain how we can study human societies through the spaces we occupy

We keep our lessons short and fun by presenting all course content through quick videos (full transcripts included). These video lessons may be watched as many times as needed and include self-assessed quizzes that provide instant feedback on your understanding of the material. Each video also includes tags that make it easy for you to locate the content you need to see. It's so easy to stay on track too; the Dashboard automatically keeps tabs on your progress as you work through the chapter!

8 Lessons in Chapter 21: Basic Geographic Tools & Concepts
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Are The Five Themes of Geography?

1. What Are The Five Themes of Geography?

After watching this video, you will be able to explain what geography is and describe the five key themes that make up geography. A short quiz will follow.

Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS

2. Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS

How can we study the earth and the features in it? Watch this lesson to find out more about common tools used in geography, including maps, global positioning systems, and geographic information systems, and their differences.

The World Map: Overview & Major Geographical Regions

3. The World Map: Overview & Major Geographical Regions

The world is a big place, but how well do you know it? In this lesson, we're going to look at a basic overview of major world regions and see how they collectively create the world map.

Map Projection & Scale

4. Map Projection & Scale

After watching this video, you will be able to explain what a map projection is, what a map scale is, and why they need to be carefully chosen when creating a map. A short quiz will follow.

Atlases & Almanacs as Sources of Geographic Information

5. Atlases & Almanacs as Sources of Geographic Information

Just like any other profession, geographers have specialized tools to help them. While they also rely on technologies like satellite imagery and advanced surveying tools, many geographers also use almanacs and atlases in their daily work.

Mental Maps in Geography

6. Mental Maps in Geography

Mental maps are such a part of our everyday life, we barely realize we're using them. Learn about this fascinating activity going on in our brains, including how our mental maps get distorted or refined.

Geography Tools: Fieldwork, Databases & Primary Sources

7. Geography Tools: Fieldwork, Databases & Primary Sources

Geographers study physical space, but how do they do this? Let's take a look at the data and sources used by geographers and see how this evidence is gathered.

Using Spatial Concepts to Understand the Human Organization of Space

8. Using Spatial Concepts to Understand the Human Organization of Space

Every aspect of human existence happens in actual space, but do we always stop to consider what this actually means? Let's explore human societies from a spatial perspective and see what there is to learn.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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