Ch 5: Basic Organic Chemistry: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Basic Organic Chemistry chapter of this High School Biology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master organic chemistry. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn about basic organic chemistry.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school biology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn biology. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding organic molecules and organic chemistry
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about organic chemistry
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the organic chemistry chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the organic chemistry chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any organic chemistry question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in an organic chemistry unit of a standard high school biology course. Topics covered include:

  • Functional groups of organic molecules
  • Monomers and polymers
  • Components and function of carbohydrates
  • Components and function of lipids
  • Proteins

22 Lessons in Chapter 5: Basic Organic Chemistry: Help and Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups

1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups

Organic chemistry is the study of molecules that come from living things and previously living things. Learn more on an introduction to organic molecules and functional groups within biological science.

Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers

2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers

An organic molecule is a complex molecule that is primarily made of carbon atoms and is bonded with other elements or other carbon atoms. Learn more about organic molecules, monomers, polymers and their functions or definitions.

Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates, also known as sugars, are a group of compounds found in organic tissues and foods. Explore the structure and function of carbohydrates, learn how to count carbons, discover glycosidic bonds, and review fibers and starches.

Structure and Function of Lipids

4. Structure and Function of Lipids

Lipids, also known as fats, are a group of compounds that dissolve in nonpolar solvents but are insoluble in water. Explore the structure and function of lipids, the definition and functions of triglycerides such as saturated fats, and review the other types of lipids that help fuel the human body.

Proteins I: Structure and Function

5. Proteins I: Structure and Function

Without peptide bonds joining together chains of amino acids to create large organic compounds called proteins, it would be impossible for humans to function. Explore the structure of proteins and how they function as enzymes to trigger molecular reactions and some of the many other functions of proteins in the human body.

Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids

6. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids

Proteins are essential molecules made up of one or more long chains of amino acids. Explore the structure and characteristics of the twenty amino acids, discover the differences between polar positive and polar neutral amino acids, and learn about special amino acids.

Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds

7. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds

Proteins are molecules made up of chains of amino acids bound together by peptides. Explore how polymerization helps form peptide bonds, discover how peptides are written, and learn the different types of peptides.

Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure

8. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure

Proteins are essential molecules made up of one or more long chains of amino acids. Explore primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary protein structure, then discover the effects of denaturation.

Carotenoid Pigments: Definition & Structure

9. Carotenoid Pigments: Definition & Structure

From autumn foliage to summer fruits, vegetables, and flowers, discover how carotenoids help colorfully paint our world. Explore how carotenoids are important for the health of both plants and humans alike.

Organic Solvent: Definition & List

10. Organic Solvent: Definition & List

Organic solvents are volatile, carbon-based substances which are used to break down other substances, such as alcohol, acetone, and ethanol. Learn how to define an organic solvent, explore its properties, review a list of well-known solvents, and discover the health risks associated with organic solvents.

Dipeptide: Definition, Formation & Structure

11. Dipeptide: Definition, Formation & Structure

Even the smallest units of matter are made out of something, and in this regard, proteins are no different. In this lesson, learn what amino acids are, review the groups that make them, and explore how they become dipeptides, the smallest form of protein.

Essential Amino Acid: Definition & Overview

12. Essential Amino Acid: Definition & Overview

What are amino acids, and what makes some of them essential while others are nonessential? Learn more about what amino acids do for your body and how you can make sure you are getting the full range you need to stay healthy.

FADH2 & NADH: Definition & Overview

13. FADH2 & NADH: Definition & Overview

Cellular respiration, the processing of oxygen or food molecules into energy, uses the compounds FADH2 and NADH in the electron transport chain phase. Learn the chemical details of these two compounds, and their function in cellular respiration.

Filaments: Definition & Function

14. Filaments: Definition & Function

This lesson is about filaments, the structural proteins of the cell. Here, the structure of the three types of filaments and their functions will be described.

Glutamic Acid: Structure, Formula & Function

15. Glutamic Acid: Structure, Formula & Function

In this lesson, you will learn about the structure, function, formula and importance of glutamic acid. At the end of the lesson you can check your understanding by taking a short quiz.

Glycine: Formula, Structure & Benefits

16. Glycine: Formula, Structure & Benefits

Glycine is an amino acid that allows for the formation of proteins in the body, and is the smallest of the 20 amino acids important to life. Discover why this amino acid is significant despite being non-essential, and learn the formula, structure, and benefits of glycine.

Polypeptide Chain: Definition, Structure & Synthesis

17. Polypeptide Chain: Definition, Structure & Synthesis

A polypeptide chain is comprised of amino acids that are linked together to form the building blocks of proteins. Learn the definition of a polypeptide chain, study amino acid structure, and explore the synthesis of polypeptide chains.

Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium: Location & Function

18. Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium: Location & Function

A type of tissue layer in the human body, the pseudostratified columnar epithelium lines organ cavities or vessels. Explore the types, location, and functions of epithelial cells in the pseudostratified columnar epithelium tissue.

Reductionism in Biology: Definition & Examples

19. Reductionism in Biology: Definition & Examples

Reductionism, as applied to biology, involves understanding mechanisms or principles in simpler ways, then conceptually building upward in complexity. Examine different examples of this 'bottom-up' approach to biology.

Serine: Definition & Structure

20. Serine: Definition & Structure

Amino acids are the building blocks of chemicals that are vital to your very life. In this lesson, you will learn about one amino acid in particular - serine. You will discover its structure and learn how it is the building block of many chemicals.

Threonine Amino Acid: Structure & Function

21. Threonine Amino Acid: Structure & Function

Threonine is an essential amino acid that functions to support protein fold and development, characterized by its unique structure. Learn both the function and structure of threonine, as well as what foods contain it.

Why is Water the Universal Solvent?

22. Why is Water the Universal Solvent?

Water is known as a universal solvent as it is capable of dissolving numerous different elements inside of itself. Learn how this occurs by understanding the properties of water and how it behaves in action.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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More Exams
There are even more practice exams available in Basic Organic Chemistry: Help and Review.

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