About This Chapter
Basic Political Science Terms & Concepts - Chapter Summary
This chapter on basic political science terms and concepts is made up of a collection of video lessons you can access by mobile device or computer. As you study, you'll watch videos on the meaning of sovereignty, the definition of federalism, and the balance of power and collective security in world conflicts. This chapter is designed to assist you in achieving these goals:
- Explain the different types of injunctions and their processes
- Define eminent domain
- Describe executive privilege and give examples
- Discuss the motives of political patronage
- Differentiate between strict and loose constructions of the Constitution
- Define political socialization
- Identify the purpose of interest groups
- Provide a definition of social contract theory
You'll feel confident in your knowledge of these concepts once you've completed this mobile-friendly and self-paced chapter. You can watch all the videos or just focus on specific lessons for a completely customized study experience. To ensure you're ready for the next lesson, take the chapter test and lesson quizzes to test your knowledge.
1. What is Sovereignty? - Definition & Meaning
In this lesson, we will learn about the meaning of sovereignty. We will take a closer look at what it takes to become recognized as a sovereign nation by a government's own citizenry and by the world as a whole.
2. What is Federalism? - Definition & Factors of U.S. Adoption
The United States government is based on federalism, with governmental power divided between several entities. This lesson explores federalism and explains the factors that led to its use in the U.S.
3. Understanding the Balance of Power, Polarity & Collective Security in World Conflicts
In this lesson, we will examine some of the theoretical concepts related to modern global conflict. Specifically, we will look at balance of power, types of polarity and lateralism, and collective security.
4. What is an Injunction? - Definition, Types, Process & Example
After completing this lesson, you will know what constitutes an injunction. Additionally, you will understand the different kinds of injunctions, as well as the general requirements and procedures for obtaining an injunction. Finally, you will review an example of this legal process.
5. What is Eminent Domain? - Definition, History & Examples
In this lesson, we will learn about the meaning of eminent domain, the government's right to exercise the power of eminent domain and examples of eminent domain.
6. Executive Privilege: Definition & Examples
This lesson will discuss executive privilege. You will learn what executive privilege is, where its authority comes from, and better understand executive privilege through examples of its use from history and today.
7. Political Patronage: Definition, Motives & Example
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of political patronage, as well as why it can be difficult to identify, what its actually used for, and how it influences political systems.
8. Strict & Loose Constructions of the Constitution
In this lesson, you'll learn the difference between two philosophies of constitutional interpretation: strict construction and loose construction. You will also learn the historical, political, and legal significance of the terms, as well as how they apply to contemporary legal controversies.
9. What is Political Socialization?
Political socialization is the process by which people form their ideas about politics. This lesson explains political socialization and discusses the means through which Americans form their political values.
10. Interest Group: Definition, Purpose, Theory & Examples
Interest groups play a major role in shaping public policies that impact business practices. The following lesson will introduce you to the definition, purpose, theories, and examples of interest groups.
11. Social Contract Theory: Definition & Examples
Since the beginning of human civilization, social contracts have helped structure how people and governments worked together. Learn about social contract theory and what some important thinkers from the 1600s onward had to say about it.
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Other chapters within the NES Social Science (303): Practice & Study Guide course
- Reading & Research Skills
- Historiography & World History
- Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East
- The Legacy of Ancient Greece & Rome
- Ancient India & China
- Ancient Japan & Southeast Asia
- Overview of Global Religions
- Early Civilizations in Africa & the Americas
- The Spread of Islam & The Byzantine Empire
- Europe after the Decline of the Roman Empire
- The European Renaissance & Protestant Reformation
- European Expansion from 1450-1650
- The Scientific Revolution & the European Enlightenment
- Major Revolutions Around the World
- Industrialization in Europe
- Major Political Developments from 1350-1871
- Impacts of European Imperialism
- Causes & Consequences of World War I
- Causes & Consequences of World War II
- Causes & Consequences of the Cold War
- Developments in East Asia, Latin America, Africa & the Middle East since 1945
- Changes in Europe after World War II
- Contemporary Global Challenges
- The Precontact Period & Settling North America
- Causes & Consequences of the American Revolution
- The Evolution of National & State Governments
- Major Figures in U.S. History from the Precontact Period-1789
- Political & Constitutional Developments from 1789-1877
- Westward Expansion, Economic Growth & U.S. Foreign Relations from 1789-1877
- Major Antebellum Reform Movements & Key Reformers
- Sectionalism & the American Civil War
- The Reconstruction Period
- Settlement of the Trans-Mississippi West
- The Growth of the Industrial Economy in the U.S.
- The American Progressive Era
- American Imperialism & Rise to International Power
- The 1920s in the U.S.
- Causes & Effects of the Great Depression
- U.S. Foreign Policy since World War II
- Major U.S. Political Events & Developments since 1945
- U.S. Economic Developments since 1946
- Major U.S. Social Developments since 1945
- Major Social & Political U.S. Movements During the Postwar Period
- Basic Geographic Terms & Concepts
- Geographic Reference Sources, Tools & Technologies
- Characteristics of World Geography
- Physical Features of the Earth
- Elements of Weather & Climate
- Natural Resources Around the World
- Human Societies & the Environment
- Current Environmental Problems
- Characteristics of Human Systems
- Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science
- Systems of Government
- Comparison of Political Systems
- Key Political Documents
- Significance of Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
- U.S. Electoral System & Political Process Participation
- U.S. Citizenship Rights & Responsibilities
- Levels of U.S. Government
- Law-Making Processes & U.S. Foreign Policy
- Basic Economic Terms & Concepts
- Microeconomics Concepts & Laws
- Interpreting Economic Information
- Operation of Business Firms
- Fundamentals of Consumer Economics
- Fundamentals of Personal Finance
- Economic Institutions & Groups
- Unemployment, Inflation & Deflation
- NES Social Science Flashcards